Las Vegas, NV

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Population

644,664

0.461% growth

Median Age

38.1


Median Household Income

$53,575

5.51% decline

Poverty Rate

16.2%


Number of Employees

294,935

2.38% decline

Median Property Value

$285,000

16.1% growth

About

In 2018, Las Vegas, NV had a population of 645k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $53,575. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Las Vegas, NV grew from 641,708 to 644,664, a 0.461% increase and its median household income declined from $56,699 to $53,575, a -5.51% decrease.

The population of Las Vegas, NV is 42.3% White Alone, 34.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 10.6% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Las Vegas, NV speak a non-English language, and 89.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Las Vegas, NV are College of Southern Nevada (5,093 degrees awarded in 2017), Brightwood College-Las Vegas (439 degrees), and Milan Institute-Las Vegas (421 degrees).

The median property value in Las Vegas, NV is $285,000, and the homeownership rate is 53.3%. Most people in Las Vegas, NV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Las Vegas, NV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Las Vegas at night

Economy

The economy of Las Vegas, NV employs 295k people. The largest industries in Las Vegas, NV are Accommodation & Food Services (45,688 people), Retail Trade (34,791 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (29,884 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($90,432), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,091), and Information ($61,162).

Median household income in Las Vegas, NV is $53,575. Males in Las Vegas, NV have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,620. The income inequality in Las Vegas, NV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,575

2018 value

± $2,746

-5.51%

1 Year Growth

± 6.13%

Households in Las Vegas, NV have a median annual income of $53,575, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,699 in 2017, which represents a -5.51% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Las Vegas, NV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nevada.

$62,797

Average Male Salary

± $2,183

$48,620

Average Female Salary

± $1,601

In 2018, full-time male employees in Nevada made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Nevada by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nevada.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $55,928 ± $1,734

  2. Asian

    $49,121 ± $4,009

  3. Two or More Races

    $40,361 ± $4,071

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Nevada workers was White. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Nevada by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Las Vegas, NV is from Nevada.

0.452

2018 Wage GINI

0.442

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Nevada was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.35% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Nevada was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Nevada in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Nevada across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 32.42

  2. Census Tract 32.51

  3. Census Tract 33.21

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Las Vegas, NV was Census Tract 32.42 with a value of $146,000, followed by Census Tract 32.51 and Census Tract 33.21, with respective values of $134,792 and $128,922.

The following map shows all of the places in Las Vegas, NV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Las Vegas, NV (99k out of 613k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    50,311 ± 1,742

  2. Hispanic

    43,803 ± 1,677

  3. Black

    18,982 ± 1,134

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Las Vegas, NV is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

295k

2018 Value

± 9,281

-2.38%

1 Year decline

± 4.63%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Las Vegas, NV declined at a rate of -2.38%, from 302k employees to 295k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Las Vegas, NV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,767 people), Sales & Related Occupations (35,642 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (27,412 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Las Vegas, NV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Las Vegas, NV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,767 people), Sales & Related Occupations (35,642 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (27,412 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Las Vegas, NV has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.08 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.77 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.73 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Las Vegas, NV, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($112,958), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($83,337), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,565).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

295k

2018 Value

± 9,281

-2.38%

1 Year decline

± 4.63%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Las Vegas, NV declined at a rate of -2.38%, from 302k employees to 295k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Las Vegas, NV, are Accommodation & Food Services (45,688 people), Retail Trade (34,791 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (29,884 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Las Vegas, NV, though some of these residents may live in Las Vegas, NV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Las Vegas, NV, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (45,688 people), Retail Trade (34,791 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (29,884 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Las Vegas, NV has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (4.1 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (2.05 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.6 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Las Vegas, NV, by median earnings, are Utilities ($90,432), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,091), and Information ($61,162).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Nevada to other states, or from other states to Nevada.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $15.7B

  2. $9.53B

  3. $7.52B

In 2015, the top outbound Nevada product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $15.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($9.53B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($7.52B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Nevada products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Nevada state.

$82.8B

2020 Value

$113B

Projected 2045 Value

37.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Nevada trade was $82.8B. This is expected to increase 37.1% to $113B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Nevada trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Nevada to other states, or from other states to Nevada.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $21.8B

  2. $6.94B

  3. $3.95B

In 2015, the top outbound Nevada domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $21.8B, followed by Utah with $6.94B and Arizona and $3.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Nevada shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88% of the population of Las Vegas, NV has health coverage, with 45.5% on employee plans, 17% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 2.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Las Vegas, NV was $6,714 in 2014. This is a 7% increase from the previous year ($6,275).

Primary care physicians in Las Vegas, NV see 1764 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.858% increase from the previous year (1749 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1632 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 536 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nye County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.1%). Additionally, Lyon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.

1,764 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Nevada see an average of 1,764 patients per year. This represents a 0.858% increase from the previous year (1,749 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Nevada in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.

$6,714

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,417

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,484

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,796

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Nevada (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7%, from $6,275 to $6,714.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12%

Uninsured

45.5%

Employer Coverage

17%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

2.53%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Las Vegas, NV declined by 6.23% from 12.8% to 12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Las Vegas, NV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.1% prevalence

  2. 12.4% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Nye County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Nevada, at 13.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Nevada by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Las Vegas, NV is home to a population of 645k people, from which 89.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 20.6% of Las Vegas, NV residents were born outside of the country (132k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Las Vegas, NV is composed of 273k White Alone residents (42.3%), 223k Hispanic or Latino residents (34.6%), 68.5k Black or African American Alone residents (10.6%), 46.4k Asian Alone residents (7.2%), 24.3k Two or More Races residents (3.77%), 4.13k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.64%), 3.23k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.5%), and 2.38k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.369%).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Las Vegas, NV was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Las Vegas, NV are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Las Vegas, NV residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

132k people

20.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

129k people

As of 2017, 20.6% of Las Vegas, NV residents (132k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Las Vegas, NV was 20.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Las Vegas, NV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nevada.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    230,941 ± 11,341 people

  2. Philippines

    88,103 ± 7,181 people

  3. El Salvador

    23,596 ± 3,757 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Nevada was Mexico, the natal country of 230,941 Nevada residents, followed by Philippines with 88,103 and El Salvador with 23,596.

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Citizenship

89.2%

2018 Citizenship

88%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 89.2% of Las Vegas, NV residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Las Vegas, NV was 88%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Las Vegas, NV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    273k ± 10.9k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    223k ± 13.1k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    68.5k ± 7.8k

In 2018, there were 1.22 times more White Alone residents (273k people) in Las Vegas, NV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 223k Hispanic or Latino and 68.5k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Las Vegas, NV as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    12,484 ± 1,775

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    9,600 ± 1,756

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,052 ± 1,402

Las Vegas, NV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.3 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Las Vegas, NV awarded 6,939 degrees. The student population of Las Vegas, NV is skewed towards women, with 14,936 male students and 22,190 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Las Vegas, NV are White (2,358 and 34.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,948 and 28.3%), Black or African American (819 and 11.9%), and Asian (752 and 10.9%).

The largest universities in Las Vegas, NV by number of degrees awarded are College of Southern Nevada (5,093 and 73.4%), Brightwood College-Las Vegas (439 and 6.33%), and Milan Institute-Las Vegas (421 and 6.07%).

The most popular majors in Las Vegas, NV are Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (747 and 10.8%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (583 and 8.4%), and General Studies (497 and 7.16%).

The median tuition costs in Las Vegas, NV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $2,850 and $9,628 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 497 degrees awarded

  2. 453 degrees awarded

  3. 583 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Las Vegas, NV was General Studies with 497 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Las Vegas, NV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,093 degrees awarded

  2. 439 degrees awarded

  3. 421 degrees awarded

$2,850

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Las Vegas, NV institution with the largest number of graduating students was College of Southern Nevada with 5,093 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,343

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,596

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,343 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Las Vegas, NV, which is 0.51 times less than the 4,596 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Las Vegas, NV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,358 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,948 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    819 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Las Vegas, NV were to White students. These 2,358 degrees mean that there were 1.21 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,948 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Las Vegas, NV was $285,000 in 2018, which is 1.24 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $245,500 to $285,000, a 16.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Las Vegas, NV is 53.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Las Vegas, NV have an average commute time of 25.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Las Vegas, NV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$285,000

2018 Median

± $5,478

$245,500

2017 Median

± $5,416

In 2018, the median property value in Las Vegas, NV grew to to $285,000 from the previous year's value of $245,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Las Vegas, NV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Las Vegas, NV the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,575

Median Household Income

± $2,746

235k

Number of Households

± 7,368

In 2018, the median household income of the 235k households in Las Vegas, NV declined from $53,575 from the previous year's value of $56,699.

The following chart displays the households in Las Vegas, NV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Las Vegas, NV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Las Vegas, NV the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

53.3%

2018 Homeownership

51.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 53.3% of the housing units in Las Vegas, NV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Las Vegas, NV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Las Vegas, NV have a shorter commute time (25.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.22% of the workforce in Las Vegas, NV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Las Vegas, NV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.67%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.39%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Las Vegas, NV was Drove Alone (77.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.67%) and those who Worked At Home (4.39%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Las Vegas, NV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Las Vegas, NV have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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