Laredo, TX

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Population

259,512

0.925% decline

Median Age

29.3


Median Household Income

$47,478

6.71% growth

Poverty Rate

30.6%


Number of Employees

104,779

0.45% decline

Median Property Value

$124,800

8.5% decline

About

In 2018, Laredo, TX had a population of 260k people with a median age of 29.3 and a median household income of $47,478. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Laredo, TX declined from 261,935 to 259,512, a -0.925% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,494 to $47,478, a 6.71% increase.

The population of Laredo, TX is 95.2% Hispanic or Latino, 3.57% White Alone, and 0.614% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Laredo, TX speak a non-English language, and 83.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Laredo, TX are Laredo Community College (1,683 degrees awarded in 2017), Texas A & M International University (1,350 degrees), and Brightwood College-Laredo (200 degrees).

The median property value in Laredo, TX is $124,800, and the homeownership rate is 59.7%. Most people in Laredo, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Laredo, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Laredo, TX employs 105k people. The largest industries in Laredo, TX are Retail Trade (17,647 people), Transportation & Warehousing (14,441 people), and Educational Services (11,927 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($180,089), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,750), and Public Administration ($61,608).

Median household income in Laredo, TX is $47,478. Males in Laredo, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Laredo, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,478

2018 value

± $3,645

6.71%

1 Year Growth

± 10.4%

Households in Laredo, TX have a median annual income of $47,478, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,494 in 2017, which represents a 6.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Laredo, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Laredo, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 17.22

  2. Census Tract 17.21

  3. Census Tract 17.14

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Laredo, TX was Census Tract 17.22 with a value of $126,274, followed by Census Tract 17.21 and Census Tract 17.14, with respective values of $95,603 and $86,351.

The following map shows all of the places in Laredo, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Laredo, TX (77.1k out of 252k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males < 5, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    75,145 ± 1,768

  2. White

    73,279 ± 1,786

  3. Other

    2,514 ± 306

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Laredo, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

105k

2018 Value

± 5,644

-0.45%

1 Year decline

± 7.9%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Laredo, TX declined at a rate of -0.45%, from 105k employees to 105k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Laredo, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (17,468 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,720 people), and Transportation Occupations (8,438 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Laredo, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Laredo, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (17,468 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,720 people), and Transportation Occupations (8,438 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Laredo, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.45 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (2.08 times), and Sales & Related Occupations (1.64 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Laredo, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($110,338), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($83,298), and Legal Occupations ($67,364).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

105k

2018 Value

± 5,644

-0.45%

1 Year decline

± 7.9%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Laredo, TX declined at a rate of -0.45%, from 105k employees to 105k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Laredo, TX, are Retail Trade (17,647 people), Transportation & Warehousing (14,441 people), and Educational Services (11,927 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Laredo, TX, though some of these residents may live in Laredo, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Laredo, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (17,647 people), Transportation & Warehousing (14,441 people), and Educational Services (11,927 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Laredo, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.93 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (2.89 times), and Retail Trade (1.53 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Laredo, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($180,089), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,750), and Public Administration ($61,608).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

70.9% of the population of Laredo, TX has health coverage, with 31.3% on employee plans, 25.7% on Medicaid, 5.15% on Medicare, 7.89% on non-group plans, and 0.875% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Laredo, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Laredo, TX see 3100 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.36% decrease from the previous year (3175 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3616 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3616 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Webb County, TX.

3,100 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Webb County, TX see an average of 3,100 patients per year. This represents a 2.36% decrease from the previous year (3,175 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Webb County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

29.1%

Uninsured

31.3%

Employer Coverage

25.7%

Medicaid

5.15%

Medicare

7.89%

Non-Group

0.875%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Laredo, TX grew by 7.56% from 27% to 29.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Laredo, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Laredo, TX is home to a population of 260k people, from which 83.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 26% of Laredo, TX residents were born outside of the country (68k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Laredo, TX is composed of 242k Hispanic or Latino residents (95.2%), 9.05k White Alone residents (3.57%), 1.56k Asian Alone residents (0.614%), 753 Black or African American Alone residents (0.297%), 339 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.134%), 241 Two or More Races residents (0.095%), 200 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0788%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

23

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Laredo, TX was 29.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 23, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Laredo, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Laredo, TX residents was 29.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

68k people

25.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

66.4k people

As of 2017, 26% of Laredo, TX residents (68k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Laredo, TX was 25.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Laredo, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

83.4%

2018 Citizenship

80.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 83.4% of Laredo, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Laredo, TX was 80.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Laredo, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    242k ± 4.59k

  2. White Alone

    9.05k ± 675

  3. Asian Alone

    1.56k ± 322

In 2014, there were 26.7 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (242k people) in Laredo, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.05k White Alone and 1.56k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Laredo, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Laredo, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Laredo, TX awarded 3,334 degrees. The student population of Laredo, TX is skewed towards women, with 7,465 male students and 10,425 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Laredo, TX are Hispanic or Latino (3,148 and 97.5%), followed by White (50 and 1.55%), Asian (16 and 0.495%), and Black or African American (11 and 0.341%).

The largest universities in Laredo, TX by number of degrees awarded are Laredo Community College (1,683 and 50.5%), Texas A & M International University (1,350 and 40.5%), and Brightwood College-Laredo (200 and 6%).

The most popular majors in Laredo, TX are General Studies (710 and 21.3%), Criminal Justice - Police Science (201 and 6.03%), and General Business Administration & Management (179 and 5.37%).

The median tuition costs in Laredo, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,248 and $13,778 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 125 degrees awarded

  2. 159 degrees awarded

  3. 133 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Laredo, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 125 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Laredo, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,683 degrees awarded

  2. 1,350 degrees awarded

  3. 200 degrees awarded

$4,248

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Laredo, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Laredo Community College with 1,683 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,355

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,979

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,355 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Laredo, TX, which is 0.685 times less than the 1,979 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Laredo, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    3,148 degrees awarded

  2. White

    50 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    16 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Laredo, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 3,148 degrees mean that there were 63 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 50 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Laredo, TX was $124,800 in 2018, which is 0.543 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $136,400 to $124,800, a 8.5% decrease. The homeownership rate in Laredo, TX is 59.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Laredo, TX have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Laredo, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$124,800

2018 Median

± $8,114

$136,400

2017 Median

± $7,874

In 2018, the median property value in Laredo, TX declined from to $124,800 from the previous year's value of $136,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Laredo, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Laredo, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,478

Median Household Income

± $3,645

71.2k

Number of Households

± 4,426

In 2018, the median household income of the 71.2k households in Laredo, TX grew to $47,478 from the previous year's value of $44,494.

The following chart displays the households in Laredo, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Laredo, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Laredo, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

59.7%

2018 Homeownership

60.5%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 59.7% of the housing units in Laredo, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 60.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Laredo, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Laredo, TX have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.4% of the workforce in Laredo, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Laredo, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79%

  2. Carpooled

    12%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.67%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Laredo, TX was Drove Alone (79%), followed by those who Carpooled (12%) and those who Worked At Home (3.67%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Laredo, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Laredo, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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