Lake County, IN

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Population

485,640

0.0424% decline

Median Age

39.4


Median Household Income

$54,981

2.42% growth

Poverty Rate

16.8%


Number of Employees

216,440

1.98% decline

Median Property Value

$147,200

0.608% decline

About

In 2017, Lake County, IN had a population of 486k people with a median age of 39.4 and a median household income of $54,981. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lake County, IN declined from 485,846 to 485,640, a -0.0424% decrease and its median household income grew from $53,681 to $54,981, a 2.42% increase.

The population of Lake County, IN is 54.1% White Alone, 23.5% Black or African American Alone, and 19.1% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Lake County, IN speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lake County, IN are Purdue University-Calumet Campus (2,038 degrees awarded in 2016), Indiana University-Northwest (786 degrees), and Brightwood College-Hammond (256 degrees).

The median property value in Lake County, IN is $147,200, and the homeownership rate is 70.8%. Most people in Lake County, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Lake County, IN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Lake County, IN employs 216k people. The largest industries in Lake County, IN are Manufacturing (35,673 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,954 people), and Retail Trade (22,789 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,221), Construction ($57,848), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,553).

Median household income in Lake County, IN is $54,981. Males in Lake County, IN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,336. The income inequality in Lake County, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.45, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,981

2017 value

± $1,847

2.42%

1 Year Growth

± 4.65%

Households in Lake County, IN have a median annual income of $54,981, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,681 in 2016, which represents a 2.42% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lake County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$60,734

Average Male Salary

± $1,127

$44,336

Average Female Salary

± $939

In 2017, full-time male employees in Lake County, IN made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lake County, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,125 ± $6,670

  2. White

    $46,930 ± $736

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $44,004 ± $13,534

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lake County, IN workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lake County, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lake County, IN is from Indiana.

0.45

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.45 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.79% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 404.02

  2. Census Tract 426.09

  3. Census Tract 426.08

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lake County, IN was Census Tract 404.02 with a value of $127,778, followed by Census Tract 426.09 and Census Tract 426.08, with respective values of $97,681 and $94,107.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lake County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lake County, IN (80.8k out of 482k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    36,669 ± 1,171

  2. White

    29,566 ± 1,201

  3. Hispanic

    18,058 ± 947

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lake County, IN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

216k

2017 Value

± 7,837

-1.98%

1 Year decline

± 5.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lake County, IN declined at a rate of -1.98%, from 221k employees to 216k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lake County, IN, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (12,000 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (6,795 people), and Other Production Occupations (6,764 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lake County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lake County, IN, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (12,000 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (6,795 people), and Other Production Occupations (6,764 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lake County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Rail & Water Transportation Workers (3.98 times higher than expected), Material Moving Workers Except Supervisors & Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (3.23 times), and Metal Workers & Plastic Workers (2.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lake County, IN, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,639), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,026), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($74,443).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

216k

2017 Value

± 7,837

-1.98%

1 Year decline

± 5.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lake County, IN declined at a rate of -1.98%, from 221k employees to 216k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lake County, IN, are Manufacturing (35,673 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,954 people), and Retail Trade (22,789 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lake County, IN, though some of these residents may live in Lake County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lake County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (35,673 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,954 people), and Retail Trade (22,789 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lake County, IN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.7 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.43 times), and Utilities (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lake County, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,221), Construction ($57,848), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,553).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals with $42.9B and Mixed freight and $39.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Lake County, IN has health coverage, with 49.6% on employee plans, 18.5% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 0.814% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lake County, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Lake County, IN see 1800 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.21% increase from the previous year (1679 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1693 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 629 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,800 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Lake County, IN see an average of 1,800 patients per year. This represents a 7.21% increase from the previous year (1,679 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lake County, IN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.01%

Uninsured

49.6%

Employer Coverage

18.5%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

10.1%

Non-Group

0.814%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lake County, IN grew by 21.8% from 6.58% to 8.01%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lake County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lake County, IN is home to a population of 486k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.78% of Lake County, IN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Lake County, IN is composed of 263k White Alone residents (54.1%), 114k Black or African American Alone residents (23.5%), 92.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (19.1%), 8.24k Two or More Races residents (1.7%), 6.55k Asian Alone residents (1.35%), 875 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.18%), 148 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0305%), and 130 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0268%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lake County, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lake County, IN was 39.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Lake County, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lake County, IN residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.77%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.78% of Lake County, IN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lake County, IN was 6.77%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lake County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    101,437 ± 7,760 people

  2. India

    30,023 ± 4,244 people

  3. China

    22,969 ± 3,714 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lake County, IN was Mexico, the natal country of 101,437 Lake County, IN residents, followed by India with 30,023 and China with 22,969.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.1% of Lake County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lake County, IN was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lake County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    263k ± 242

  2. Black or African American Alone

    114k ± 1.64k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    92.8k ± 6.29k

In 2017, there were 2.3 times more White Alone residents (263k people) in Lake County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 114k Black or African American Alone and 92.8k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lake County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Lake County, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Lake County, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Lake County, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,936 ± 1,406

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,654 ± 984

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,259 ± 967

Lake County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lake County, IN awarded 3,910 degrees. The student population of Lake County, IN is skewed towards women, with 6,600 male students and 10,459 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lake County, IN are White (2,049 and 56%), followed by Black or African American (697 and 19%), Hispanic or Latino (654 and 17.9%), and Unknown (99 and 2.71%).

The largest universities in Lake County, IN by number of degrees awarded are Purdue University-Calumet Campus (2,038 and 52.1%), Indiana University-Northwest (786 and 20.1%), and Brightwood College-Hammond (256 and 6.55%).

The most popular majors in Lake County, IN are Registered Nursing (821 and 21%), General Business Administration & Management (244 and 6.24%), and Medical Assistant (201 and 5.14%).

The median tuition costs in Lake County, IN are $17,300 for private four year colleges, and $6,410 and $16,641 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 96 degrees awarded

  2. 791 degrees awarded

  3. 130 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lake County, IN was General Psychology with 96 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lake County, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,038 degrees awarded

  2. 786 degrees awarded

  3. 256 degrees awarded

$6,410

Median In-State Public

$17,300

Median Private

In 2016, the Lake County, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Purdue University-Calumet Campus with 2,038 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,303

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,607

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,303 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lake County, IN, which is 0.5 times less than the 2,607 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lake County, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,049 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    697 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    654 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lake County, IN were to White students. These 2,049 degrees mean that there were 2.94 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 697 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lake County, IN was $147,200 in 2017, which is 0.676 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $148,100 to $147,200, a 0.608% decrease. The homeownership rate in Lake County, IN is 70.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lake County, IN have an average commute time of 27.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lake County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,981

Median Household Income

± $1,847

184k

Number of Households

± 6,555

In 2017, the median household income of the 184k households in Lake County, IN grew to $54,981 from the previous year's value of $53,681.

The following chart displays the households in Lake County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$147,200

2017 Median

± $4,063

$148,100

2016 Median

± $5,011

In 2017, the median property value in Lake County, IN declined from to $147,200 from the previous year's value of $148,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lake County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lake County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lake County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lake County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.8%

2017 Homeownership

69%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.8% of the housing units in Lake County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lake County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lake County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lake County, IN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lake County, IN have a longer commute time (27.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.86% of the workforce in Lake County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lake County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.77%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.69%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lake County, IN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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