Knoxville, TN

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Population

877,874

1.01% growth

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$51,848

3.98% growth

Poverty Rate

15.8%


Number of Employees

414,300

3.52% growth

Median Property Value

$169,200

3.23% growth

About

In 2017, Knoxville, TN had a population of 878k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $51,848. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Knoxville, TN grew from 869,076 to 877,874, a 1.01% increase and its median household income grew from $49,862 to $51,848, a 3.98% increase.

The population of Knoxville, TN is 86.6% White Alone, 5.73% Black or African American Alone, and 3.78% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Knoxville, TN speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Knoxville, TN are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (6,873 degrees awarded in 2016), Pellissippi State Community College (2,497 degrees), and Roane State Community College (1,106 degrees).

The median property value in Knoxville, TN is $169,200, and the homeownership rate is 67.7%. Most people in Knoxville, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Knoxville, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: World's Fair Park Bridge, Knoxville, TN

Economy

The economy of Knoxville, TN employs 414k people. The largest industries in Knoxville, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (59,081 people), Retail Trade (50,549 people), and Manufacturing (41,264 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,056), Utilities ($66,787), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,339).

Median household income in Knoxville, TN is $51,848. Males in Knoxville, TN have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,600. The income inequality in Knoxville, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,848

2017 value

± $1,111

3.98%

1 Year Growth

± 3.27%

Households in Knoxville, TN have a median annual income of $51,848, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,862 in 2016, which represents a 3.98% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Knoxville, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$59,123

Average Male Salary

± $1,402

$43,600

Average Female Salary

± $960

In 2017, full-time male employees in Knoxville, TN made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Knoxville, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $57,449 ± $19,869

  2. Asian

    $56,772 ± $6,752

  3. White

    $47,804 ± $932

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Knoxville, TN workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Knoxville, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Knoxville, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.464

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.365% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Knoxville, TN was Williamson County, TN with a value of $105,622, followed by Wilson County, TN and Rutherford County, TN, with respective values of $69,959 and $68,514.

The following map shows all of the counties in Knoxville, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Knoxville, TN (133k out of 842k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    109,727 ± 2,444

  2. Black

    15,363 ± 859

  3. Hispanic

    8,493 ± 687

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Knoxville, TN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

414k

2017 Value

± 10,954

3.52%

1 Year growth

± 3.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knoxville, TN grew at a rate of 3.52%, from 400k employees to 414k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Knoxville, TN, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (22,787 people), Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (12,122 people), and Retail Sales Workers Except Cashiers (12,119 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Knoxville, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Knoxville, TN, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (22,787 people), Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (12,122 people), and Retail Sales Workers Except Cashiers (12,119 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Knoxville, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Extraction Workers (2.17 times higher than expected), Nurses, All Other (1.94 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, & Groundskeeping Workers (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Knoxville, TN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,672), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,269), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($68,138).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

414k

2017 Value

± 10,954

3.52%

1 Year growth

± 3.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knoxville, TN grew at a rate of 3.52%, from 400k employees to 414k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Knoxville, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (59,081 people), Retail Trade (50,549 people), and Manufacturing (41,264 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Knoxville, TN, though some of these residents may live in Knoxville, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Knoxville, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (59,081 people), Retail Trade (50,549 people), and Manufacturing (41,264 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Knoxville, TN has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.4 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.22 times), and Construction (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Knoxville, TN, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,056), Utilities ($66,787), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,339).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $31.1B and Mixed freight and $26.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.6% of the population of Knoxville, TN has health coverage, with 47.4% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Knoxville, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Knoxville, TN see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1,380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.42%

Uninsured

47.4%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

13.6%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

1.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Knoxville, TN grew by 3.84% from 8.11% to 8.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Knoxville, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Knoxville, TN is home to a population of 878k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.95% of Knoxville, TN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Knoxville, TN is composed of 760k White Alone residents (86.6%), 50.3k Black or African American Alone residents (5.73%), 33.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.78%), 15k Two or More Races residents (1.71%), 14.9k Asian Alone residents (1.7%), 1.99k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.226%), 1.65k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.188%), and 349 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0398%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Knoxville, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Knoxville, TN was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Knoxville, TN are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Knoxville, TN residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.95%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.89%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.95% of Knoxville, TN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Knoxville, TN was 3.89%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Knoxville, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    88,278 ± 7,246 people

  2. India

    28,843 ± 4,161 people

  3. China

    15,957 ± 3,098 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Knoxville, TN was Mexico, the natal country of 88,278 Knoxville, TN residents, followed by India with 28,843 and China with 15,957.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Knoxville, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Knoxville, TN was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Knoxville, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    760k ± 1.39k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    50.3k ± 2.1k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    33.2k ± 3.64k

In 2017, there were 15.1 times more White Alone residents (760k people) in Knoxville, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 50.3k Black or African American Alone and 33.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Knoxville, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Knoxville, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Knoxville, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Knoxville, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    23,928 ± 2,255

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    8,794 ± 1,741

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    8,548 ± 1,695

Knoxville, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Knoxville, TN awarded 13,282 degrees. The student population of Knoxville, TN is skewed towards women, with 23,435 male students and 27,537 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Knoxville, TN are White (10,884 and 83.8%), followed by Black or African American (846 and 6.52%), Hispanic or Latino (389 and 3%), and Asian (301 and 2.32%).

The largest universities in Knoxville, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (6,873 and 51.7%), Pellissippi State Community College (2,497 and 18.8%), and Roane State Community College (1,106 and 8.33%).

The most popular majors in Knoxville, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,550 and 11.7%), General Business Administration & Management (463 and 3.49%), and Registered Nursing (436 and 3.28%).

The median tuition costs in Knoxville, TN are $22,873 for private four year colleges, and $10,858 and $29,048 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 342 degrees awarded

  2. 328 degrees awarded

  3. 243 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Knoxville, TN was General Psychology with 342 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Knoxville, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,873 degrees awarded

  2. 2,497 degrees awarded

  3. 1,106 degrees awarded

$10,858

Median In-State Public

$22,873

Median Private

In 2016, the Knoxville, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Knoxville with 6,873 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,850

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,432

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,850 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Knoxville, TN, which is 0.787 times less than the 7,432 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Knoxville, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,884 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    846 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    389 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Knoxville, TN were to White students. These 10,884 degrees mean that there were 12.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 846 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Knoxville, TN was $169,200 in 2017, which is 0.778 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $163,900 to $169,200, a 3.23% increase. The homeownership rate in Knoxville, TN is 67.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Knoxville, TN have an average commute time of 23.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Knoxville, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,848

Median Household Income

± $1,111

347k

Number of Households

± 9,020

In 2017, the median household income of the 347k households in Knoxville, TN grew to $51,848 from the previous year's value of $49,862.

The following chart displays the households in Knoxville, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$169,200

2017 Median

± $3,119

$163,900

2016 Median

± $2,741

In 2017, the median property value in Knoxville, TN grew to to $169,200 from the previous year's value of $163,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Knoxville, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knoxville, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Knoxville, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knoxville, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.7%

2017 Homeownership

68%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.7% of the housing units in Knoxville, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Knoxville, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Knoxville, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Knoxville, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Knoxville, TN have a shorter commute time (23.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.62% of the workforce in Knoxville, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Knoxville, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.06%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Knoxville, TN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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