Killeen, TX

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Population

140,513

1.27% growth

Median Age

28.2


Median Household Income

$48,898

1.54% growth

Poverty Rate

13.9%


Number of Employees

55,438

5.76% growth

Median Property Value

$121,900

2.96% growth

About

In 2017, Killeen, TX had a population of 141k people with a median age of 28.2 and a median household income of $48,898. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Killeen, TX grew from 138,745 to 140,513, a 1.27% increase and its median household income grew from $48,157 to $48,898, a 1.54% increase.

The population of Killeen, TX is 33.8% Black or African American Alone, 29.8% White Alone, and 25.6% Hispanic or Latino. 22.1% of the people in Killeen, TX speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Killeen, TX are Texas A & M University-Central Texas (771 degrees awarded in 2016) and Yahweh Beauty Academy (24 degrees).

The median property value in Killeen, TX is $121,900, and the homeownership rate is 45.1%. Most people in Killeen, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Killeen, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Killeen, TX employs 55.4k people. The largest industries in Killeen, TX are Public Administration (9,123 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (7,579 people), and Retail Trade (7,023 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,205), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,141), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($50,337).

Median household income in Killeen, TX is $48,898. Males in Killeen, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Killeen, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,898

2017 value

± $1,451

1.54%

1 Year Growth

± 4.09%

Households in Killeen, TX have a median annual income of $48,898, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,157 in 2016, which represents a 1.54% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Killeen, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Killeen, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Killeen, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Killeen, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Killeen, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Killeen, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 233

  2. Census Tract 224.03

  3. Census Tract 234.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Killeen, TX was Census Tract 233 with a value of $68,984, followed by Census Tract 224.03 and Census Tract 234.04, with respective values of $62,461 and $60,329.

The following map shows all of the places in Killeen, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Killeen, TX (19.5k out of 140k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females < 5 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    8,589 ± 793

  2. White

    7,126 ± 678

  3. Hispanic

    6,051 ± 652

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Killeen, TX is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

55.4k

2017 Value

± 2,062

5.76%

1 Year growth

± 4.96%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Killeen, TX grew at a rate of 5.76%, from 52.4k employees to 55.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Killeen, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,188 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,611 people), and Management Occupations (4,165 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Killeen, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Killeen, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,188 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,611 people), and Management Occupations (4,165 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Killeen, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.51 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.77 times), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Killeen, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($55,789), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($54,531), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($49,386).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

55.4k

2017 Value

± 2,062

5.76%

1 Year growth

± 4.96%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Killeen, TX grew at a rate of 5.76%, from 52.4k employees to 55.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Killeen, TX, are Public Administration (9,123 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (7,579 people), and Retail Trade (7,023 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Killeen, TX, though some of these residents may live in Killeen, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Killeen, TX, by number of employees, are Public Administration (9,123 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (7,579 people), and Retail Trade (7,023 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Killeen, TX has an unusually high number of Public Administration (3.52 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.63 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Killeen, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,205), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,141), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($50,337).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.6% of the population of Killeen, TX has health coverage, with 24.5% on employee plans, 13.2% on Medicaid, 2.81% on Medicare, 26.1% on non-group plans, and 21.1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Killeen, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Killeen, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.4%

Uninsured

24.5%

Employer Coverage

13.2%

Medicaid

2.81%

Medicare

26.1%

Non-Group

21.1%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Killeen, TX declined by 3.03% from 12.7% to 12.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Killeen, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Killeen, TX is home to a population of 141k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.44% of Killeen, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Killeen, TX is composed of 47.5k Black or African American Alone residents (33.8%), 41.9k White Alone residents (29.8%), 36k Hispanic or Latino residents (25.6%), 7.24k Two or More Races residents (5.15%), 5.28k Asian Alone residents (3.76%), 1.98k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (1.41%), 416 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.296%), and 199 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.142%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Killeen, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (19,120 speakers), German (1,958 speakers), and Korean (1,727 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Killeen, TX was 28.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Killeen, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Killeen, TX residents was 28.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.44%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

9.36%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 9.44% of Killeen, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Killeen, TX was 9.36%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Killeen, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Killeen, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Killeen, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.3% of Killeen, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Killeen, TX was 96.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Killeen, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    47.5k ± 1.56k

  2. White Alone

    41.9k ± 1.48k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    36k ± 2.7k

In 2017, there were 1.13 times more Black or African American Alone residents (47.5k people) in Killeen, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 41.9k White Alone and 36k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Killeen, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    19,120 speakers (15.6%)

  2. German

    1,958 speakers (1.6%)

  3. Korean

    1,727 speakers (1.41%)

22.1% of Killeen, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Killeen, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 15.6% of the overall population of Killeen, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.6% speak German and 1.41% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    16,125 ± 1,110

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,039 ± 501

  3. Vietnam

    2,731 ± 307

Killeen, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 3.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Killeen, TX awarded 795 degrees. The student population of Killeen, TX is skewed towards women, with 1,026 male students and 1,622 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Killeen, TX are White (328 and 41.3%), followed by Black or African American (215 and 27%), Hispanic or Latino (168 and 21.1%), and Two or More Races (27 and 3.4%).

The largest universities in Killeen, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas A & M University-Central Texas (771 and 97%) and Yahweh Beauty Academy (24 and 3.02%).

The most popular majors in Killeen, TX are General Business Administration & Management (134 and 16.9%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (75 and 9.43%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (70 and 8.81%).

The median tuition costs in Killeen, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,174 and $14,786 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Killeen, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 77 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Killeen, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 771 degrees awarded

  2. 24 degrees awarded

$4,174

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Killeen, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas A & M University-Central Texas with 771 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

269

Degrees Awarded to Men

526

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 269 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Killeen, TX, which is 0.511 times less than the 526 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Killeen, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    328 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    215 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    168 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Killeen, TX were to White students. These 328 degrees mean that there were 1.53 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 215 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Killeen, TX was $121,900 in 2017, which is 0.56 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $118,400 to $121,900, a 2.96% increase. The homeownership rate in Killeen, TX is 45.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Killeen, TX have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Killeen, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,898

Median Household Income

± $1,451

50.1k

Number of Households

± 1,755

In 2017, the median household income of the 50.1k households in Killeen, TX grew to $48,898 from the previous year's value of $48,157.

The following chart displays the households in Killeen, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$121,900

2017 Median

± $2,908

$118,400

2016 Median

± $2,368

In 2017, the median property value in Killeen, TX grew to to $121,900 from the previous year's value of $118,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Killeen, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Killeen, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Killeen, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Killeen, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

45.1%

2017 Homeownership

46.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.1% of the housing units in Killeen, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 46.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Killeen, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Killeen, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Killeen, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Killeen, TX have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.8% of the workforce in Killeen, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Killeen, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    12.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.74%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Killeen, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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