Kent County, MI

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Population

648,594

1% growth

Median Age

35.3


Median Household Income

$61,125

2.44% growth

Poverty Rate

13.4%


Number of Employees

336,411

2.43% growth

Median Property Value

$173,900

6.62% growth

About

In 2017, Kent County, MI had a population of 649k people with a median age of 35.3 and a median household income of $61,125. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Kent County, MI grew from 642,173 to 648,594, a 1% increase and its median household income grew from $59,668 to $61,125, a 2.44% increase.

The population of Kent County, MI is 73.8% White Alone, 10.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.2% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Kent County, MI speak a non-English language, and 94.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kent County, MI are Grand Rapids Community College (1,888 degrees awarded in 2016), Davenport University (1,859 degrees), and Calvin College (1,038 degrees).

The median property value in Kent County, MI is $173,900, and the homeownership rate is 69.4%. Most people in Kent County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Kent County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Fisk Knob, Highest elevation in Kent County, Michigan

Economy

The economy of Kent County, MI employs 336k people. The largest industries in Kent County, MI are Manufacturing (62,776 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (49,864 people), and Retail Trade (38,423 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,127), Finance & Insurance ($57,054), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,225).

Median household income in Kent County, MI is $61,125. Males in Kent County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,042. The income inequality in Kent County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,125

2017 value

± $1,409

2.44%

1 Year Growth

± 3.27%

Households in Kent County, MI have a median annual income of $61,125, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,668 in 2016, which represents a 2.44% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kent County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$66,184

Average Male Salary

± $1,151

$48,042

Average Female Salary

± $879

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kent County, MI made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kent County, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,268 ± $4,166

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,705 ± $51,364

  3. White

    $50,410 ± $738

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kent County, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kent County, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kent County, MI is from Michigan.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.74% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 119.01

  2. Census Tract 122.02

  3. Census Tract 119.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kent County, MI was Census Tract 119.01 with a value of $125,270, followed by Census Tract 122.02 and Census Tract 119.02, with respective values of $120,111 and $118,772.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Kent County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kent County, MI (83.8k out of 626k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    51,741 ± 1,621

  2. Hispanic

    18,806 ± 924

  3. Black

    17,085 ± 997

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kent County, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

336k

2017 Value

± 9,543

2.43%

1 Year growth

± 3.81%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kent County, MI grew at a rate of 2.43%, from 328k employees to 336k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kent County, MI, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (19,664 people), Other Production Occupations (11,576 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (10,658 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kent County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kent County, MI, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (19,664 people), Other Production Occupations (11,576 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (10,658 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kent County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Metal Workers & Plastic Workers (2.63 times higher than expected), Fishing & Hunting, & Forest, Conservation, & Logging Workers (2.15 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers (1.99 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kent County, MI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($90,844), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,706), and Management Occupations ($65,930).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

336k

2017 Value

± 9,543

2.43%

1 Year growth

± 3.81%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kent County, MI grew at a rate of 2.43%, from 328k employees to 336k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kent County, MI, are Manufacturing (62,776 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (49,864 people), and Retail Trade (38,423 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kent County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Kent County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kent County, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (62,776 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (49,864 people), and Retail Trade (38,423 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kent County, MI has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.12 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.93 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kent County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($80,127), Finance & Insurance ($57,054), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,225).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Kent County, MI has health coverage, with 56.9% on employee plans, 15.7% on Medicaid, 10% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 0.542% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Kent County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Kent County, MI see 1120 patients per year on average, which represents a 2% increase from the previous year (1098 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1433 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 349 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,120 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kent County, MI see an average of 1,120 patients per year. This represents a 2% increase from the previous year (1,098 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kent County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.43%

Uninsured

56.9%

Employer Coverage

15.7%

Medicaid

10%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

0.542%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kent County, MI declined by 8.2% from 5.91% to 5.43%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kent County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kent County, MI is home to a population of 649k people, from which 94.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.88% of Kent County, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Kent County, MI is composed of 479k White Alone residents (73.8%), 68.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.6%), 59.6k Black or African American Alone residents (9.2%), 19.9k Two or More Races residents (3.07%), 19.2k Asian Alone residents (2.96%), 1.79k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.276%), 561 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0865%), and 184 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0284%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kent County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Kent County, MI was 35.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Kent County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Kent County, MI residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.88%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.67%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.88% of Kent County, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kent County, MI was 7.67%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kent County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    78,610 ± 6,856 people

  2. Mexico

    76,973 ± 6,785 people

  3. Iraq

    56,485 ± 5,818 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kent County, MI was India, the natal country of 78,610 Kent County, MI residents, followed by Mexico with 76,973 and Iraq with 56,485.

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Citizenship

94.6%

2017 Citizenship

94.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.6% of Kent County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Kent County, MI was 94.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kent County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    479k ± 431

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    68.5k ± 6.28k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    59.6k ± 2.71k

In 2017, there were 6.99 times more White Alone residents (479k people) in Kent County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 68.5k Hispanic or Latino and 59.6k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kent County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Kent County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Kent County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Kent County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,993 ± 1,198

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,790 ± 961

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,537 ± 982

Kent County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Kent County, MI awarded 6,648 degrees. The student population of Kent County, MI is skewed towards women, with 14,807 male students and 17,684 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kent County, MI are White (4,824 and 75.7%), followed by Black or African American (568 and 8.91%), Unknown (336 and 5.27%), and Hispanic or Latino (325 and 5.1%).

The largest universities in Kent County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Grand Rapids Community College (1,888 and 28.4%), Davenport University (1,859 and 28%), and Calvin College (1,038 and 15.6%).

The most popular majors in Kent County, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (994 and 15%), General Business Administration & Management (868 and 13.1%), and Registered Nursing (273 and 4.11%).

The median tuition costs in Kent County, MI are $19,718 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 146 degrees awarded

  2. 362 degrees awarded

  3. 184 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Kent County, MI was General Psychology with 146 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Kent County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,888 degrees awarded

  2. 1,859 degrees awarded

  3. 1,038 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$19,718

Median Private

In 2016, the Kent County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grand Rapids Community College with 1,888 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,628

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,020

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,628 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kent County, MI, which is 0.654 times less than the 4,020 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Kent County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,824 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    568 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    336 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kent County, MI were to White students. These 4,824 degrees mean that there were 8.49 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 568 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kent County, MI was $173,900 in 2017, which is 0.799 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $163,100 to $173,900, a 6.62% increase. The homeownership rate in Kent County, MI is 69.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kent County, MI have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kent County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,125

Median Household Income

± $1,409

241k

Number of Households

± 7,520

In 2017, the median household income of the 241k households in Kent County, MI grew to $61,125 from the previous year's value of $59,668.

The following chart displays the households in Kent County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$173,900

2017 Median

± $2,972

$163,100

2016 Median

± $2,965

In 2017, the median property value in Kent County, MI grew to to $173,900 from the previous year's value of $163,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kent County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kent County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kent County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kent County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.4%

2017 Homeownership

69.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.4% of the housing units in Kent County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kent County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kent County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kent County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kent County, MI have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Kent County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kent County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.2%

  2. Carpooled

    10.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.39%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Kent County, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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