Kennewick-Richland, WA

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Population

296,224

2.04% growth

Median Age

33.7


Median Household Income

$64,908

2.03% growth

Poverty Rate

14.2%


Number of Employees

130,161

1.48% decline

Median Property Value

$248,600

8.8% growth

About

In 2018, Kennewick-Richland, WA had a population of 296k people with a median age of 33.7 and a median household income of $64,908. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Kennewick-Richland, WA grew from 290,296 to 296,224, a 2.04% increase and its median household income grew from $63,617 to $64,908, a 2.03% increase.

The population of Kennewick-Richland, WA is 60.1% White Alone, 32.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.88% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Kennewick-Richland, WA speak a non-English language, and 90.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kennewick-Richland, WA are Columbia Basin College (1,656 degrees awarded in 2017), Victoria's Academy of Cosmetology (108 degrees), and Paul Mitchell the School-Richland (94 degrees).

The median property value in Kennewick-Richland, WA is $248,600, and the homeownership rate is 67.2%. Most people in Kennewick-Richland, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Kennewick-Richland, WA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ed Hendler Memorial Bridge, Columbia River, WA

Economy

The economy of Kennewick-Richland, WA employs 130k people. The largest industries in Kennewick-Richland, WA are Retail Trade (16,457 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,257 people), and Construction (11,387 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($88,864), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,442), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($61,090).

Median household income in Kennewick-Richland, WA is $64,908. Males in Kennewick-Richland, WA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,794. The income inequality in Kennewick-Richland, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$64,908

2018 value

± $3,978

2.03%

1 Year Growth

± 8.55%

Households in Kennewick-Richland, WA have a median annual income of $64,908, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,617 in 2017, which represents a 2.03% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kennewick-Richland, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Washington.

$79,555

Average Male Salary

± $1,504

$58,794

Average Female Salary

± $1,224

In 2018, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $76,629 ± $3,310

  2. White

    $62,679 ± $1,044

  3. Two or More Races

    $50,209 ± $3,211

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kennewick-Richland, WA is from Washington.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Washington was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.658% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kennewick-Richland, WA was King County, WA with a value of $95,009, followed by Snohomish County, WA and Kitsap County, WA, with respective values of $87,440 and $76,945.

The following map shows all of the counties in Kennewick-Richland, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kennewick-Richland, WA (39.2k out of 276k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    25,758 ± 1,263

  2. Hispanic

    20,640 ± 1,139

  3. Other

    9,447 ± 891

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kennewick-Richland, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

130k

2018 Value

± 6,573

-1.48%

1 Year decline

± 7.27%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Kennewick-Richland, WA declined at a rate of -1.48%, from 132k employees to 130k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kennewick-Richland, WA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,154 people), Management Occupations (12,762 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,916 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kennewick-Richland, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kennewick-Richland, WA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,154 people), Management Occupations (12,762 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,916 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Kennewick-Richland, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (9.61 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.59 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kennewick-Richland, WA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($101,131), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($95,440), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($91,612).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

130k

2018 Value

± 6,573

-1.48%

1 Year decline

± 7.27%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Kennewick-Richland, WA declined at a rate of -1.48%, from 132k employees to 130k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kennewick-Richland, WA, are Retail Trade (16,457 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,257 people), and Construction (11,387 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kennewick-Richland, WA, though some of these residents may live in Kennewick-Richland, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kennewick-Richland, WA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (16,457 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,257 people), and Construction (11,387 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Kennewick-Richland, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (7.31 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.52 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.92 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kennewick-Richland, WA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($88,864), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,442), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($61,090).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $45.6B

  2. $39.9B

  3. $29B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $45.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($39.9B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$323B

2020 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

37.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Washington trade was $323B. This is expected to increase 37.4% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $15.8B

  3. $10.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $29.1B, followed by California with $15.8B and Tennessee and $10.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.3% of the population of Kennewick-Richland, WA has health coverage, with 46.7% on employee plans, 23.1% on Medicaid, 8.61% on Medicare, 11.1% on non-group plans, and 0.87% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Kennewick-Richland, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Kennewick-Richland, WA see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1192 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1254 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 335 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1,192 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.68%

Uninsured

46.7%

Employer Coverage

23.1%

Medicaid

8.61%

Medicare

11.1%

Non-Group

0.87%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kennewick-Richland, WA grew by 15.7% from 8.36% to 9.68%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kennewick-Richland, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kennewick-Richland, WA is home to a population of 296k people, from which 90.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.8% of Kennewick-Richland, WA residents were born outside of the country (40.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Kennewick-Richland, WA is composed of 178k White Alone residents (60.1%), 95.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (32.2%), 8.53k Asian Alone residents (2.88%), 8.19k Two or More Races residents (2.76%), 4.6k Black or African American Alone residents (1.55%), 837 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.283%), 527 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.178%), and 199 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0672%).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Kennewick-Richland, WA was 33.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Kennewick-Richland, WA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Kennewick-Richland, WA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

40.1k people

13.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

38.6k people

As of 2017, 13.8% of Kennewick-Richland, WA residents (40.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kennewick-Richland, WA was 13.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kennewick-Richland, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    256,836 ± 12,228 people

  2. India

    89,091 ± 7,285 people

  3. China

    79,210 ± 6,873 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 256,836 Washington residents, followed by India with 89,091 and China with 79,210.

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Citizenship

90.4%

2018 Citizenship

90.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 90.4% of Kennewick-Richland, WA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Kennewick-Richland, WA was 90.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kennewick-Richland, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    178k ± 407

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    95.4k ± 10.5k

  3. Asian Alone

    8.53k ± 1.66k

In 2018, there were 1.87 times more White Alone residents (178k people) in Kennewick-Richland, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 95.4k Hispanic or Latino and 8.53k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kennewick-Richland, WA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,358 ± 937

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,017 ± 905

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,232 ± 680

Kennewick-Richland, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Kennewick-Richland, WA awarded 1,858 degrees. The student population of Kennewick-Richland, WA is skewed towards women, with 3,214 male students and 3,782 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kennewick-Richland, WA are White (990 and 53.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (615 and 33.1%), Unknown (96 and 5.17%), and Two or More Races (72 and 3.88%).

The largest universities in Kennewick-Richland, WA by number of degrees awarded are Columbia Basin College (1,656 and 89.1%), Victoria's Academy of Cosmetology (108 and 5.81%), and Paul Mitchell the School-Richland (94 and 5.06%).

The most popular majors in Kennewick-Richland, WA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (753 and 40.5%), Early Childhood Education & Teaching (129 and 6.94%), and General Business Administration & Management (104 and 5.6%).

The median tuition costs in Kennewick-Richland, WA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,944 and $5,920 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 753 degrees awarded

  2. 49 degrees awarded

  3. 47 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Kennewick-Richland, WA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 753 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Kennewick-Richland, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,656 degrees awarded

  2. 108 degrees awarded

  3. 94 degrees awarded

$3,944

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Kennewick-Richland, WA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbia Basin College with 1,656 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

675

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,183

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 675 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kennewick-Richland, WA, which is 0.571 times less than the 1,183 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Kennewick-Richland, WA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    990 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    615 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    96 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kennewick-Richland, WA were to White students. These 990 degrees mean that there were 1.61 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 615 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kennewick-Richland, WA was $248,600 in 2018, which is 1.08 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $228,500 to $248,600, a 8.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Kennewick-Richland, WA is 67.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kennewick-Richland, WA have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kennewick-Richland, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$248,600

2018 Median

± $8,640

$228,500

2017 Median

± $8,194

In 2018, the median property value in Kennewick-Richland, WA grew to to $248,600 from the previous year's value of $228,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kennewick-Richland, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kennewick-Richland, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$64,908

Median Household Income

± $3,978

99k

Number of Households

± 5,312

In 2018, the median household income of the 99k households in Kennewick-Richland, WA grew to $64,908 from the previous year's value of $63,617.

The following chart displays the households in Kennewick-Richland, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kennewick-Richland, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kennewick-Richland, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

67.2%

2018 Homeownership

67%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.2% of the housing units in Kennewick-Richland, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kennewick-Richland, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kennewick-Richland, WA have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.55% of the workforce in Kennewick-Richland, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kennewick-Richland, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81%

  2. Carpooled

    9.95%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.3%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Kennewick-Richland, WA was Drove Alone (81%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.95%) and those who Worked At Home (5.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kennewick-Richland, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kennewick-Richland, WA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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