Kalamazoo, MI

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Population

75,833

0.0685% decline

Median Age

26.2


Median Household Income

$37,438

7.68% growth

Poverty Rate

31%


Number of Employees

37,332

1.14% growth

Median Property Value

$99,300

2.8% growth

About

In 2017, Kalamazoo, MI had a population of 75.8k people with a median age of 26.2 and a median household income of $37,438. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Kalamazoo, MI declined from 75,885 to 75,833, a -0.0685% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,767 to $37,438, a 7.68% increase.

The population of Kalamazoo, MI is 64% White Alone, 20.8% Black or African American Alone, and 7.09% Hispanic or Latino. 9.81% of the people in Kalamazoo, MI speak a non-English language, and 96.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kalamazoo, MI are Western Michigan University (5,392 degrees awarded in 2016), Kalamazoo College (338 degrees), and West Michigan College of Barbering and Beauty (44 degrees).

The median property value in Kalamazoo, MI is $99,300, and the homeownership rate is 44.8%. Most people in Kalamazoo, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Kalamazoo, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Asylum Lake, Kalamazoo, MI

Economy

The economy of Kalamazoo, MI employs 37.3k people. The largest industries in Kalamazoo, MI are Educational Services (5,588 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,342 people), and Manufacturing (5,264 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($74,000), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($43,220), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,310).

Median household income in Kalamazoo, MI is $37,438. Males in Kalamazoo, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Kalamazoo, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,438

2017 value

± $1,414

7.68%

1 Year Growth

± 5.13%

Households in Kalamazoo, MI have a median annual income of $37,438, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,767 in 2016, which represents a 7.68% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kalamazoo, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kalamazoo, MI made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kalamazoo, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kalamazoo, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kalamazoo, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kalamazoo, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 12

  2. Census Tract 16.01

  3. Census Tract 16.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kalamazoo, MI was Census Tract 12 with a value of $80,227, followed by Census Tract 16.01 and Census Tract 16.04, with respective values of $68,994 and $54,183.

The following map shows all of the places in Kalamazoo, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

31% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kalamazoo, MI (21.3k out of 68.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,723 ± 901

  2. Black

    5,789 ± 524

  3. Two Or More

    1,980 ± 371

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kalamazoo, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

37.3k

2017 Value

± 1,383

1.14%

1 Year growth

± 5.26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kalamazoo, MI grew at a rate of 1.14%, from 36.9k employees to 37.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kalamazoo, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,710 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,247 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,693 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kalamazoo, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kalamazoo, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,710 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,247 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,693 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Kalamazoo, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.69 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.68 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kalamazoo, MI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($62,212), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,875), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($53,125).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

37.3k

2017 Value

± 1,383

1.14%

1 Year growth

± 5.26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kalamazoo, MI grew at a rate of 1.14%, from 36.9k employees to 37.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kalamazoo, MI, are Educational Services (5,588 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,342 people), and Manufacturing (5,264 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kalamazoo, MI, though some of these residents may live in Kalamazoo, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kalamazoo, MI, by number of employees, are Educational Services (5,588 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,342 people), and Manufacturing (5,264 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Kalamazoo, MI has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.62 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.57 times), and Manufacturing (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kalamazoo, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($74,000), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($43,220), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,310).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.8% of the population of Kalamazoo, MI has health coverage, with 46.1% on employee plans, 23.2% on Medicaid, 7.68% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 0.796% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Kalamazoo, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Kalamazoo, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.24%

Uninsured

46.1%

Employer Coverage

23.2%

Medicaid

7.68%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

0.796%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kalamazoo, MI declined by 7.03% from 9.94% to 9.24%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kalamazoo, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kalamazoo, MI is home to a population of 75.8k people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.88% of Kalamazoo, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Kalamazoo, MI is composed of 48.5k White Alone residents (64%), 15.8k Black or African American Alone residents (20.8%), 5.38k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.09%), 4.22k Two or More Races residents (5.56%), 1.67k Asian Alone residents (2.2%), 115 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.152%), 97 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.128%), and 29 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0382%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kalamazoo, MI are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,468 speakers), Arabic (697 speakers), and Chinese (444 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

26

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Kalamazoo, MI was 26.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 26, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Kalamazoo, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Kalamazoo, MI residents was 26.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.88%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.87%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.88% of Kalamazoo, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kalamazoo, MI was 4.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kalamazoo, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kalamazoo, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Kalamazoo, MI residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.8% of Kalamazoo, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Kalamazoo, MI was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kalamazoo, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    48.5k ± 1.06k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    15.8k ± 845

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.38k ± 631

In 2017, there were 3.07 times more White Alone residents (48.5k people) in Kalamazoo, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.8k Black or African American Alone and 5.38k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kalamazoo, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,468 speakers (4.85%)

  2. Arabic

    697 speakers (0.976%)

  3. Chinese

    444 speakers (0.622%)

9.81% of Kalamazoo, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Kalamazoo, MI was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.85% of the overall population of Kalamazoo, MI are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.976% speak Arabic and 0.622% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    848 ± 175

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    482 ± 135

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    419 ± 137

Kalamazoo, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.76 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Kalamazoo, MI awarded 5,774 degrees. The student population of Kalamazoo, MI is skewed towards women, with 11,948 male students and 12,751 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kalamazoo, MI are White (4,189 and 78.6%), followed by Black or African American (484 and 9.08%), Hispanic or Latino (286 and 5.37%), and Two or More Races (155 and 2.91%).

The largest universities in Kalamazoo, MI by number of degrees awarded are Western Michigan University (5,392 and 93.4%), Kalamazoo College (338 and 5.85%), and West Michigan College of Barbering and Beauty (44 and 0.762%).

The most popular majors in Kalamazoo, MI are Other Multidisciplinary Studies (276 and 4.78%), General Business Administration & Management (262 and 4.54%), and Social Work (197 and 3.41%).

The median tuition costs in Kalamazoo, MI are $44,418 for private four year colleges, and $10,570 and $25,928 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 182 degrees awarded

  2. 173 degrees awarded

  3. 274 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Kalamazoo, MI was General Psychology with 182 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Kalamazoo, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,392 degrees awarded

  2. 338 degrees awarded

  3. 44 degrees awarded

$10,570

Median In-State Public

$44,418

Median Private

In 2016, the Kalamazoo, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Western Michigan University with 5,392 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,653

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,121

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,653 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kalamazoo, MI, which is 0.85 times less than the 3,121 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Kalamazoo, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,189 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    484 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    286 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Kalamazoo, MI were to White students. These 4,189 degrees mean that there were 8.65 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 484 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kalamazoo, MI was $99,300 in 2017, which is 0.456 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $96,600 to $99,300, a 2.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Kalamazoo, MI is 44.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kalamazoo, MI have an average commute time of 17.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kalamazoo, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,438

Median Household Income

± $1,414

29k

Number of Households

± 1,125

In 2017, the median household income of the 29k households in Kalamazoo, MI grew to $37,438 from the previous year's value of $34,767.

The following chart displays the households in Kalamazoo, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$99,300

2017 Median

± $3,477

$96,600

2016 Median

± $3,246

In 2017, the median property value in Kalamazoo, MI grew to to $99,300 from the previous year's value of $96,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kalamazoo, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kalamazoo, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kalamazoo, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kalamazoo, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.8%

2017 Homeownership

44.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.8% of the housing units in Kalamazoo, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 44.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kalamazoo, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kalamazoo, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kalamazoo, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kalamazoo, MI have a shorter commute time (17.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.34% of the workforce in Kalamazoo, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kalamazoo, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.16%

  3. Walked

    7.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Kalamazoo, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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