Jefferson Parish, LA

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Population

439,036

0.576% growth

Median Age

39.1


Median Household Income

$51,494

3.66% growth

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Number of Employees

207,026

1.73% decline

Median Property Value

$184,500

6.1% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson Parish, LA had a population of 439k people with a median age of 39.1 and a median household income of $51,494. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson Parish, LA grew from 436,523 to 439,036, a 0.576% increase and its median household income grew from $49,678 to $51,494, a 3.66% increase.

The population of Jefferson Parish, LA is 51.9% White Alone, 26.7% Black or African American Alone, and 14.9% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jefferson Parish, LA speak a non-English language, and 92.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson Parish, LA are Blue Cliff College-Metairie (485 degrees awarded in 2016), Herzing University-Kenner (156 degrees), and Unitech Training Academy-Metairie (138 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson Parish, LA is $184,500, and the homeownership rate is 62.4%. Most people in Jefferson Parish, LA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson Parish, LA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Marrero, LA

Economy

The economy of Jefferson Parish, LA employs 207k people. The largest industries in Jefferson Parish, LA are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,422 people), Construction (21,921 people), and Retail Trade (20,121 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($88,549), Utilities ($65,500), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,845).

Median household income in Jefferson Parish, LA is $51,494. Males in Jefferson Parish, LA have an average income that is 1.5 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,387. The income inequality in Jefferson Parish, LA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,494

2017 value

± $1,691

3.66%

1 Year Growth

± 5.15%

Households in Jefferson Parish, LA have a median annual income of $51,494, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,678 in 2016, which represents a 3.66% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Louisiana.

$62,283

Average Male Salary

± $1,582

$41,387

Average Female Salary

± $1,067

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jefferson Parish, LA made 1.5 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jefferson Parish, LA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Louisiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,521 ± $10,475

  2. White

    $52,016 ± $1,199

  3. American Indian

    $46,307 ± $10,681

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jefferson Parish, LA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jefferson Parish, LA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson Parish, LA is from Louisiana.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.668% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 226

  2. Census Tract 239.02

  3. Census Tract 278.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson Parish, LA was Census Tract 226 with a value of $119,792, followed by Census Tract 239.02 and Census Tract 278.04, with respective values of $103,194 and $97,083.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson Parish, LA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson Parish, LA (70.7k out of 433k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    32,013 ± 1,408

  2. White

    29,970 ± 1,235

  3. Hispanic

    13,877 ± 940

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson Parish, LA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

207k

2017 Value

± 7,612

-1.73%

1 Year decline

± 5.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson Parish, LA declined at a rate of -1.73%, from 211k employees to 207k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson Parish, LA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (12,069 people), Construction Laborers (8,073 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (6,057 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson Parish, LA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (12,069 people), Construction Laborers (8,073 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (6,057 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson Parish, LA has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing & Hunting, & Forest, Conservation, & Logging Workers (7.99 times higher than expected), Rail & Water Transportation Workers (5.15 times), and Construction Laborers (3.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($96,695), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($88,537), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($77,078).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

207k

2017 Value

± 7,612

-1.73%

1 Year decline

± 5.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson Parish, LA declined at a rate of -1.73%, from 211k employees to 207k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson Parish, LA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,422 people), Construction (21,921 people), and Retail Trade (20,121 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson Parish, LA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson Parish, LA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,422 people), Construction (21,921 people), and Retail Trade (20,121 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson Parish, LA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.39 times higher than expected), Construction (1.62 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($88,549), Utilities ($65,500), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,845).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $81.6B

  2. $69.1B

  3. $38B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $81.6B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $69.1B and Basic chemicals and $38B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Louisiana state.

$365B

2015 Value

$476B

Projected 2045 Value

30.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Louisiana trade was $365B. This is expected to increase 30.3% to $476B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $38.9B

  2. $36B

  3. $14.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $38.9B, followed by Mississippi with $36B and Florida and $14.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.7% of the population of Jefferson Parish, LA has health coverage, with 39.7% on employee plans, 23.5% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.29% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson Parish, LA was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson Parish, LA see 1133 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.176% decrease from the previous year (1135 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1203 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 467 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, Assumption Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1133 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Jefferson Parish, LA see an average of 1133 patients per year. This represents a 0.176% decrease from the previous year (1135 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson Parish, LA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

$7,815

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,420

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,281

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,811

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%

Uninsured

39.7%

Employer Coverage

23.5%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.29%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson Parish, LA declined by 17.7% from 12.5% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson Parish, LA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 15.6% prevalence

Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson Parish, LA is home to a population of 439k people, from which 92.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.9% of Jefferson Parish, LA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson Parish, LA is composed of 228k White Alone residents (51.9%), 117k Black or African American Alone residents (26.7%), 65.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.9%), 19.2k Asian Alone residents (4.38%), 5.38k Two or More Races residents (1.23%), 2.83k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.644%), 973 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.222%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson Parish, LA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson Parish, LA was 39.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Jefferson Parish, LA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson Parish, LA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

12.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 12.9% of Jefferson Parish, LA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson Parish, LA was 12.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    30,006 ± 4,239 people

  2. Honduras

    29,778 ± 4,223 people

  3. Vietnam

    15,817 ± 3,082 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jefferson Parish, LA was Mexico, the natal country of 30,006 Jefferson Parish, LA residents, followed by Honduras with 29,778 and Vietnam with 15,817.

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Citizenship

92.1%

2017 Citizenship

92.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.1% of Jefferson Parish, LA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson Parish, LA was 92.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    228k ± 1.68k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    117k ± 841

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    65.6k ± 5.65k

In 2017, there were 1.95 times more White Alone residents (228k people) in Jefferson Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 117k Black or African American Alone and 65.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson Parish, LA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jefferson Parish, LA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson Parish, LA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jefferson Parish, LA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,752 ± 1,170

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,612 ± 1,606

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,110 ± 818

Jefferson Parish, LA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jefferson Parish, LA awarded 1,198 degrees. The student population of Jefferson Parish, LA is skewed towards women, with 172 male students and 1,654 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson Parish, LA are Black or African American (754 and 63%), followed by White (253 and 21.2%), Asian (79 and 6.61%), and Hispanic or Latino (73 and 6.1%).

The largest universities in Jefferson Parish, LA by number of degrees awarded are Blue Cliff College-Metairie (485 and 40.5%), Herzing University-Kenner (156 and 13%), and Unitech Training Academy-Metairie (138 and 11.5%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson Parish, LA are Medical Assistant (315 and 26.3%), General Cosmetology (192 and 16%), and Dental Assisting (166 and 13.9%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson Parish, LA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 87 degrees awarded

  2. 62 degrees awarded

  3. 271 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Jefferson Parish, LA was Dental Assisting with 87 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Jefferson Parish, LA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 485 degrees awarded

  2. 156 degrees awarded

  3. 138 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Jefferson Parish, LA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Blue Cliff College-Metairie with 485 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

97

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,101

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 97 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson Parish, LA, which is 0.0881 times less than the 1,101 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jefferson Parish, LA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    754 degrees awarded

  2. White

    253 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    79 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson Parish, LA were to Black or African American students. These 754 degrees mean that there were 2.98 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 253 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson Parish, LA was $184,500 in 2017, which is 0.848 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $173,900 to $184,500, a 6.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson Parish, LA is 62.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson Parish, LA have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson Parish, LA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,494

Median Household Income

± $1,691

168k

Number of Households

± 6,445

In 2017, the median household income of the 168k households in Jefferson Parish, LA grew to $51,494 from the previous year's value of $49,678.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson Parish, LA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$184,500

2017 Median

± $4,929

$173,900

2016 Median

± $4,316

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson Parish, LA grew to to $184,500 from the previous year's value of $173,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson Parish, LA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson Parish, LA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson Parish, LA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson Parish, LA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.4%

2017 Homeownership

58.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.4% of the housing units in Jefferson Parish, LA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson Parish, LA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson Parish, LA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson Parish, LA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson Parish, LA have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.18% of the workforce in Jefferson Parish, LA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    11.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson Parish, LA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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