Jefferson County, TX

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Population

256,299

0.636% growth

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$47,657

4.99% growth

Poverty Rate

19.4%


Number of Employees

105,000

2.14% decline

Median Property Value

$107,200

1.02% decline

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, TX had a population of 256k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $47,657. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, TX grew from 254,679 to 256,299, a 0.636% increase and its median household income grew from $45,390 to $47,657, a 4.99% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, TX is 41.3% White Alone, 33.7% Black or African American Alone, and 19.9% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, TX speak a non-English language, and 92.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, TX are Lamar University (4,836 degrees awarded in 2016), Lamar Institute of Technology (644 degrees), and Lamar State College-Port Arthur (514 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, TX is $107,200, and the homeownership rate is 61.9%. Most people in Jefferson County, TX commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 19.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Spindletop Well Replica, Beaumont, TX

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, TX employs 105k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,659 people), Construction (14,981 people), and Retail Trade (13,067 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,239), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,877), and Manufacturing ($56,912).

Median household income in Jefferson County, TX is $47,657. Males in Jefferson County, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Jefferson County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,657

2017 value

± $2,587

4.99%

1 Year Growth

± 9.07%

Households in Jefferson County, TX have a median annual income of $47,657, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,390 in 2016, which represents a 4.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9800

  2. Census Tract 3.02

  3. Census Tract 109.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, TX was Census Tract 9800 with a value of $128,750, followed by Census Tract 3.02 and Census Tract 109.02, with respective values of $91,269 and $79,568.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, TX (46.2k out of 238k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    22,235 ± 1,097

  2. White

    19,508 ± 1,016

  3. Hispanic

    10,807 ± 772

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, TX is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

105k

2017 Value

± 6,111

-2.14%

1 Year decline

± 8.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, TX declined at a rate of -2.14%, from 107k employees to 105k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,093 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (12,103 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,592 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,093 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (12,103 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,592 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.79 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.29 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (2.07 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($103,604), Legal Occupations ($92,952), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($90,794).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

105k

2017 Value

± 6,111

-2.14%

1 Year decline

± 8.17%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, TX declined at a rate of -2.14%, from 107k employees to 105k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,659 people), Construction (14,981 people), and Retail Trade (13,067 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,659 people), Construction (14,981 people), and Retail Trade (13,067 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, TX has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.3 times higher than expected), Construction (2.19 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.5 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,239), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,877), and Manufacturing ($56,912).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.7% of the population of Jefferson County, TX has health coverage, with 41.6% on employee plans, 16.9% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 9.08% on non-group plans, and 0.802% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, TX see 1684 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.79% increase from the previous year (1607 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1846 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1158 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,684 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, TX see an average of 1,684 patients per year. This represents a 4.79% increase from the previous year (1,607 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.3%

Uninsured

41.6%

Employer Coverage

16.9%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

9.08%

Non-Group

0.802%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, TX grew by 0.981% from 19.1% to 19.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, TX is home to a population of 256k people, from which 92.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.8% of Jefferson County, TX residents were born outside of the country (30.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, TX is composed of 105k White Alone residents (41.3%), 85.9k Black or African American Alone residents (33.7%), 50.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (19.9%), 10k Asian Alone residents (3.93%), 1.96k Two or More Races residents (0.769%), 629 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.247%), 198 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0777%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, TX was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Jefferson County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

30.3k people

11.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

29.5k people

As of 2017, 11.8% of Jefferson County, TX residents (30.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, TX was 11.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

92.2%

2017 Citizenship

92.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.2% of Jefferson County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, TX was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    105k ± 220

  2. Black or African American Alone

    85.9k ± 774

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    50.8k ± 2.06k

In 2016, there were 1.22 times more White Alone residents (105k people) in Jefferson County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 85.9k Black or African American Alone and 50.8k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jefferson County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jefferson County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,065 ± 997

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,688 ± 1,117

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,378 ± 840

Jefferson County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jefferson County, TX awarded 6,148 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, TX is skewed towards women, with 8,134 male students and 11,961 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, TX are White (3,144 and 55.9%), followed by Black or African American (1,175 and 20.9%), Hispanic or Latino (895 and 15.9%), and Asian (177 and 3.14%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Lamar University (4,836 and 78.7%), Lamar Institute of Technology (644 and 10.5%), and Lamar State College-Port Arthur (514 and 8.36%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, TX are General Educational Leadership & Administration (1,506 and 24.5%), Counseling Psychology (543 and 8.83%), and Registered Nursing (310 and 5.04%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,664 and $15,456 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 290 degrees awarded

  2. 799 degrees awarded

  3. 543 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Jefferson County, TX was General Engineering with 290 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Jefferson County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,836 degrees awarded

  2. 644 degrees awarded

  3. 514 degrees awarded

$5,664

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Jefferson County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lamar University with 4,836 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,414

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,734

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,414 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, TX, which is 0.646 times less than the 3,734 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jefferson County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,144 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,175 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    895 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, TX were to White students. These 3,144 degrees mean that there were 2.68 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,175 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, TX was $107,200 in 2017, which is 0.493 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $108,300 to $107,200, a 1.02% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, TX is 61.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, TX have an average commute time of 19.9 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Jefferson County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,657

Median Household Income

± $2,587

93.7k

Number of Households

± 5,292

In 2017, the median household income of the 93.7k households in Jefferson County, TX grew to $47,657 from the previous year's value of $45,390.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$107,200

2017 Median

± $6,767

$108,300

2016 Median

± $5,459

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, TX declined from to $107,200 from the previous year's value of $108,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.9%

2017 Homeownership

60%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.9% of the housing units in Jefferson County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, TX have a shorter commute time (19.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 0.851% of the workforce in Jefferson County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, TX was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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