Jefferson County, TX

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Population

255,001

0.506% decline

Poverty Rate

19.4%


Median Age

36.3


Median Household Income

$47,177

1.01% decline

Number of Employees

104,575

0.405% decline

Median Property Value

$125,800

17.4% growth

About

In 2018, Jefferson County, TX had a population of 255k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $47,177. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jefferson County, TX declined from 256,299 to 255,001, a -0.506% decrease and its median household income declined from $47,657 to $47,177, a -1.01% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (39.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (33%), White (Hispanic) (18.3%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.89%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (2.1%). N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, TX speak a non-English language, and 92.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, TX are Lamar University (4,858 degrees awarded in 2017), Lamar Institute of Technology (746 degrees), and Lamar State College-Port Arthur (485 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, TX is $125,800, and the homeownership rate is 59.9%. Most people in Jefferson County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Spindletop Well Replica, Beaumont, TX

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, TX employs 105k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,284 people), Construction (14,167 people), and Retail Trade (14,009 people), and the highest paying industries are Manufacturing ($69,294), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,455), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,722).

Median household income in Jefferson County, TX is $47,177. Males in Jefferson County, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Jefferson County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,177

2018 value

± $3,730

-1.01%

1 Year Growth

± 9.69%

Households in Jefferson County, TX have a median annual income of $47,177, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,657 in 2017, which represents a -1.01% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9800

  2. Census Tract 3.02

  3. Census Tract 109.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, TX was Census Tract 9800 with a value of $156,563, followed by Census Tract 3.02 and Census Tract 109.02, with respective values of $88,349 and $88,264.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, TX (46.2k out of 238k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    22,235 ± 1,097

  2. White

    19,508 ± 1,016

  3. Hispanic

    10,807 ± 772

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, TX is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

105k

2018 Value

± 5,671

-0.405%

1 Year decline

± 7.99%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, TX declined at a rate of -0.405%, from 105k employees to 105k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (12,541 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (11,521 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,644 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (12,541 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (11,521 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,644 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.17 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.51 times), and Production Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($87,080), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,280), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($79,448).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

105k

2018 Value

± 5,671

-0.405%

1 Year decline

± 7.99%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, TX declined at a rate of -0.405%, from 105k employees to 105k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,284 people), Construction (14,167 people), and Retail Trade (14,009 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,284 people), Construction (14,167 people), and Retail Trade (14,009 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.13 times higher than expected), Construction (2.05 times), and Retail Trade (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, TX, by median earnings, are Manufacturing ($69,294), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,455), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,722).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.7% of the population of Jefferson County, TX has health coverage, with 41.6% on employee plans, 16.9% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 9.08% on non-group plans, and 0.802% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, TX see 1684 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.79% increase from the previous year (1607 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1846 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1158 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,684 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, TX see an average of 1,684 patients per year. This represents a 4.79% increase from the previous year (1,607 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.3%

Uninsured

41.6%

Employer Coverage

16.9%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

9.08%

Non-Group

0.802%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, TX grew by 0.981% from 19.1% to 19.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, TX is home to a population of 255k people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.8% of Jefferson County, TX residents were born outside of the country (30.3k people).

In 2018, there were 1.21 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (101k people) in Jefferson County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 84.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 46.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, TX was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Jefferson County, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Jefferson County, TX residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

30.3k people

11.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

29.5k people

As of 2017, 11.8% of Jefferson County, TX residents (30.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, TX was 11.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

92.5%

2018 Citizenship

92.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 92.5% of Jefferson County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, TX was 92.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, TX

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    101k ± 159

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    84.1k ± 1.66k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    46.8k ± 1.97k

In 2018, there were 1.21 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (101k people) in Jefferson County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 84.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 46.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,687 ± 971

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,580 ± 933

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,149 ± 754

Jefferson County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County, TX awarded 6,221 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, TX is skewed towards women, with 7,907 male students and 12,112 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, TX are White (3,117 and 55.1%), followed by Black or African American (1,215 and 21.5%), Hispanic or Latino (953 and 16.8%), and Asian (157 and 2.77%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Lamar University (4,858 and 78.1%), Lamar Institute of Technology (746 and 12%), and Lamar State College-Port Arthur (485 and 7.8%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, TX are General Educational Leadership & Administration (1,467 and 23.6%), Counseling Psychology (500 and 8.04%), and Registered Nursing (292 and 4.69%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,832 and $15,792 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 249 degrees awarded

  2. 707 degrees awarded

  3. 500 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Jefferson County, TX was General Engineering with 249 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Jefferson County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,858 degrees awarded

  2. 746 degrees awarded

  3. 485 degrees awarded

$5,832

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lamar University with 4,858 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,435

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,786

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,435 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, TX, which is 0.643 times less than the 3,786 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jefferson County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,117 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,215 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    953 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, TX were to White students. These 3,117 degrees mean that there were 2.57 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,215 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, TX was $125,800 in 2018, which is 0.548 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $107,200 to $125,800, a 17.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, TX is 59.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, TX have an average commute time of 20.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$125,800

2018 Median

± $7,431

$107,200

2017 Median

± $6,767

In 2018, the median property value in Jefferson County, TX grew to to $125,800 from the previous year's value of $107,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,177

Median Household Income

± $3,730

90.8k

Number of Households

± 5,141

In 2018, the median household income of the 90.8k households in Jefferson County, TX declined from $47,177 from the previous year's value of $47,657.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

59.9%

2018 Homeownership

61.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 59.9% of the housing units in Jefferson County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, TX have a shorter commute time (20.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Jefferson County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    90.4%

  2. Carpooled

    5.77%

  3. Other

    1.15%

In 2016, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, TX was Drove Alone (90.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.77%) and those who Other (1.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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