James River Region PUMA, VA

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Population

107,418

2.07% growth

Median Age

38.9


Median Household Income

$62,355

0.929% growth

Poverty Rate

10.5%


Number of Employees

51,973

1.23% growth

Median Property Value

$198,000

1.69% growth

About

In 2017, James River Region PUMA, VA had a population of 107k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $62,355. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of James River Region PUMA, VA grew from 105,238 to 107,418, a 2.07% increase and its median household income grew from $61,781 to $62,355, a 0.929% increase.

The population of James River Region PUMA, VA is 51.6% White Alone, 27.4% Black or African American Alone, and 13.7% Hispanic or Latino. 15.7% of the people in James River Region PUMA, VA speak a non-English language, and 93.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in James River Region PUMA, VA are Virginia College-Richmond (195 degrees awarded in 2016), Bryant & Stratton College-Richmond (137 degrees), and Centura College-Richmond Main (125 degrees).

The median property value in James River Region PUMA, VA is $198,000, and the homeownership rate is 66.5%. Most people in James River Region PUMA, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in James River Region PUMA, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of James River Region PUMA, VA employs 52k people. The largest industries in James River Region PUMA, VA are Construction (3,743 people), Hospitals (2,729 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,717 people), and the highest paying industries are Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills ($190,674), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($134,633), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($116,788).

Median household income in James River Region PUMA, VA is $62,355. Males in James River Region PUMA, VA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,374. The income inequality in James River Region PUMA, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,355

2017 value

± $1,703

0.929%

1 Year Growth

± 3.91%

Households in James River Region PUMA, VA have a median annual income of $62,355, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,781 in 2016, which represents a 0.929% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in James River Region PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$66,720

Average Male Salary

± $11,878

$49,374

Average Female Salary

± $8,152

In 2017, full-time male employees in James River Region PUMA, VA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in James River Region PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,624 ± $46,070

  2. White

    $57,580 ± $9,728

  3. Black

    $41,028 ± $6,292

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of James River Region PUMA, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in James River Region PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.464

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in James River Region PUMA, VA was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.33% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for James River Region PUMA, VA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in James River Region PUMA, VA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in James River Region PUMA, VA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in James River Region PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $154,628, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Arlington County (North) PUMA, VA, with respective values of $153,934 and $136,088.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in James River Region PUMA, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in James River Region PUMA, VA (11.2k out of 106k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,159 ± 629

  2. Hispanic

    3,529 ± 456

  3. Black

    2,867 ± 423

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in James River Region PUMA, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

52k

2017 Value

1.23%

1 Year growth

± 1.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in James River Region PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 1.23%, from 51.3k employees to 52k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in James River Region PUMA, VA, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,680 people), Miscellaneous managers (1,374 people), and Cashiers (1,328 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of James River Region PUMA, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of James River Region PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,680 people), Miscellaneous managers (1,374 people), and Cashiers (1,328 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, James River Region PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous personal appearance workers (5 times higher than expected), Private detectives & investigators (4.79 times), and Physician assistants (4.68 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of James River Region PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($259,312), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($135,901), and Chief executives & legislators ($134,831).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

52k

2017 Value

1.23%

1 Year growth

± 1.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in James River Region PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 1.23%, from 51.3k employees to 52k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in James River Region PUMA, VA, are Construction (3,743 people), Hospitals (2,729 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,717 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of James River Region PUMA, VA, though some of these residents may live in James River Region PUMA, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in James River Region PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Construction (3,743 people), Hospitals (2,729 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,717 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, James River Region PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of Tobacco manufacturing (56.3 times higher than expected), Electronic shopping (3.31 times), and Car washes (3.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in James River Region PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills ($190,674), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($134,633), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($116,788).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.8% of the population of James River Region PUMA, VA has health coverage, with 53.2% on employee plans, 10% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 2.19% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of James River Region PUMA, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in James River Region PUMA, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.2%

Uninsured

53.2%

Employer Coverage

10%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

2.19%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in James River Region PUMA, VA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in James River Region PUMA, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

James River Region PUMA, VA is home to a population of 107k people, from which 93.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of James River Region PUMA, VA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of James River Region PUMA, VA is composed of 55.4k White Alone residents (51.6%), 29.4k Black or African American Alone residents (27.4%), 14.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.7%), 4.42k Asian Alone residents (4.11%), 2.68k Two or More Races residents (2.49%), 487 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.453%), 276 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.257%), and 44 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.041%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in James River Region PUMA, VA are Spanish (10,633 speakers), Vietnamese (859 speakers), and Korean (468 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in James River Region PUMA, VA was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in James River Region PUMA, VA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all James River Region PUMA, VA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

11.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

12k people

As of 2017, N/A% of James River Region PUMA, VA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in James River Region PUMA, VA was 11.4%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in James River Region PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    1,816 ± 1,037 people

  2. Guatemala

    1,793 ± 1,031 people

  3. Mexico

    1,111 ± 814 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of James River Region PUMA, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 1,816 James River Region PUMA, VA residents, followed by Guatemala with 1,793 and Mexico with 1,111.

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Citizenship

93.1%

2017 Citizenship

93.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.1% of James River Region PUMA, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in James River Region PUMA, VA was 93.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in James River Region PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    55.4k ± 1.31k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    29.4k ± 1.15k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    14.7k ± 1.49k

In 2017, there were 1.89 times more White Alone residents (55.4k people) in James River Region PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.4k Black or African American Alone and 14.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in James River Region PUMA, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    10,633 speakers (10.6%)

  2. Vietnamese

    859 speakers (0.854%)

  3. Korean

    468 speakers (0.465%)

15.7% of James River Region PUMA, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in James River Region PUMA, VA was Spanish. 10.6% of the overall population of James River Region PUMA, VA are native Spanish speakers. 0.854% speak Vietnamese and 0.465% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,231 ± 246

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,276 ± 248

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,057 ± 209

James River Region PUMA, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in James River Region PUMA, VA awarded 457 degrees. The student population of James River Region PUMA, VA is skewed towards women, with 171 male students and 946 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in James River Region PUMA, VA are Black or African American (317 and 69.4%), followed by White (83 and 18.2%), Unknown (19 and 4.16%), and Two or More Races (18 and 3.94%).

The largest universities in James River Region PUMA, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia College-Richmond (195 and 42.7%), Bryant & Stratton College-Richmond (137 and 30%), and Centura College-Richmond Main (125 and 27.4%).

The most popular majors in James River Region PUMA, VA are General Cosmetology (50 and 10.9%), Medical Assistant (45 and 9.85%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (45 and 9.85%).

The median tuition costs in James River Region PUMA, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 41 degrees awarded

  2. 22 degrees awarded

  3. 21 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in James River Region PUMA, VA was Medical Assistant with 41 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in James River Region PUMA, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 195 degrees awarded

  2. 137 degrees awarded

  3. 125 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the James River Region PUMA, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia College-Richmond with 195 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

77

Degrees Awarded to Men

380

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 77 men were awarded degrees from institutions in James River Region PUMA, VA, which is 0.203 times less than the 380 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in James River Region PUMA, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    317 degrees awarded

  2. White

    83 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    19 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in James River Region PUMA, VA were to Black or African American students. These 317 degrees mean that there were 3.82 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 83 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in James River Region PUMA, VA was $198,000 in 2017, which is 0.91 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $194,700 to $198,000, a 1.69% increase. The homeownership rate in James River Region PUMA, VA is 66.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in James River Region PUMA, VA have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in James River Region PUMA, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,355

Median Household Income

± $1,703

40.8k

Number of Households

± 1,330

In 2017, the median household income of the 40.8k households in James River Region PUMA, VA grew to $62,355 from the previous year's value of $61,781.

The following chart displays the households in James River Region PUMA, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$198,000

2017 Median

± $4,183

$194,700

2016 Median

± $2,913

In 2017, the median property value in James River Region PUMA, VA grew to to $198,000 from the previous year's value of $194,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in James River Region PUMA, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In James River Region PUMA, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in James River Region PUMA, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In James River Region PUMA, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.5%

2017 Homeownership

67.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.5% of the housing units in James River Region PUMA, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in James River Region PUMA, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in James River Region PUMA, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in James River Region PUMA, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in James River Region PUMA, VA have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.97% of the workforce in James River Region PUMA, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in James River Region PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.63%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in James River Region PUMA, VA was Drove Alone (82.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.3%) and those who Worked At Home (4.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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