Jacksonville, FL

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Population

1.5M

1.81% growth

Median Age

38.3


Median Household Income

$58,709

3.29% growth

Poverty Rate

13.9%


Number of Employees

707,604

2.28% growth

Median Property Value

$205,100

9.33% growth

About

In 2017, Jacksonville, FL had a population of 1.5M people with a median age of 38.3 and a median household income of $58,709. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jacksonville, FL grew from 1.48M to 1.5M, a 1.81% increase and its median household income grew from $56,840 to $58,709, a 3.29% increase.

The population of Jacksonville, FL is 63% White Alone, 21% Black or African American Alone, and 8.78% Hispanic or Latino. 11.7% of the people in Jacksonville, FL speak a non-English language, and 95.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jacksonville, FL are Florida State College at Jacksonville (8,029 degrees awarded in 2016), University of North Florida (4,267 degrees), and Jacksonville University (1,338 degrees).

The median property value in Jacksonville, FL is $205,100, and the homeownership rate is 63.6%. Most people in Jacksonville, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Jacksonville, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: A view of downtown Jacksonville.

Economy

The economy of Jacksonville, FL employs 708k people. The largest industries in Jacksonville, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (94,663 people), Retail Trade (85,990 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (59,635 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($60,884), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,700), and Finance & Insurance ($53,347).

Median household income in Jacksonville, FL is $58,709. Males in Jacksonville, FL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,343. The income inequality in Jacksonville, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,709

2017 value

± $1,788

3.29%

1 Year Growth

± 3.5%

Households in Jacksonville, FL have a median annual income of $58,709, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,840 in 2016, which represents a 3.29% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jacksonville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the msa level, so we are showing data for the Florida.

$60,114

Average Male Salary

± $840

$45,343

Average Female Salary

± $594

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jacksonville, FL made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jacksonville, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the msa level, so we are showing data for the Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,204 ± $3,403

  2. Alaska Native

    $49,633 ± $34,468

  3. White

    $49,322 ± $566

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jacksonville, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jacksonville, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jacksonville, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.211% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jacksonville, FL was St. Johns County, FL with a value of $73,836, followed by Nassau County, FL and Santa Rosa County, FL, with respective values of $71,489 and $66,059.

The following map shows all of the counties in Jacksonville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jacksonville, FL (197k out of 1.42M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    106,967 ± 2,913

  2. Black

    73,920 ± 2,092

  3. Hispanic

    18,694 ± 1,218

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jacksonville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

708k

2017 Value

± 16,413

2.28%

1 Year growth

± 3.26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jacksonville, FL grew at a rate of 2.28%, from 692k employees to 708k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jacksonville, FL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (41,698 people), Customer Service Representatives (22,155 people), and First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers (19,612 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jacksonville, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jacksonville, FL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (41,698 people), Customer Service Representatives (22,155 people), and First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers (19,612 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Jacksonville, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping & Janitorial Workers (2.86 times higher than expected), Rail & Water Transportation Workers (1.72 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, & Repairers (1.67 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jacksonville, FL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($77,117), Legal Occupations ($70,070), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,618).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

708k

2017 Value

± 16,413

2.28%

1 Year growth

± 3.26%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jacksonville, FL grew at a rate of 2.28%, from 692k employees to 708k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jacksonville, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (94,663 people), Retail Trade (85,990 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (59,635 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jacksonville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Jacksonville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jacksonville, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (94,663 people), Retail Trade (85,990 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (59,635 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Jacksonville, FL has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.74 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.34 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jacksonville, FL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($60,884), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,700), and Finance & Insurance ($53,347).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Jacksonville, FL has health coverage, with 43.6% on employee plans, 14.3% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 15.7% on non-group plans, and 4.75% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Jacksonville, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Jacksonville, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1376 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

43.6%

Employer Coverage

14.3%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

15.7%

Non-Group

4.75%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jacksonville, FL grew by 8.88% from 10% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jacksonville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jacksonville, FL is home to a population of 1.5M people, from which 95.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.44% of Jacksonville, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jacksonville, FL is composed of 948k White Alone residents (63%), 316k Black or African American Alone residents (21%), 132k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.78%), 62.1k Asian Alone residents (4.13%), 38.2k Two or More Races residents (2.54%), 5.35k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.356%), 2.69k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.179%), and 162 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0108%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jacksonville, FL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (76,521 speakers), Tagalog (14,022 speakers), and French Creole (6,816 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jacksonville, FL was 38.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Jacksonville, FL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Jacksonville, FL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.44%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.44% of Jacksonville, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jacksonville, FL was 8.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jacksonville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    984,212 ± 23,779 people

  2. Haiti

    353,866 ± 14,481 people

  3. Colombia

    274,220 ± 12,772 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jacksonville, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 984,212 Jacksonville, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 353,866 and Colombia with 274,220.

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Citizenship

95.8%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.8% of Jacksonville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jacksonville, FL was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jacksonville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    948k ± 2.54k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    316k ± 4.16k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    132k ± 7.67k

In 2017, there were 3 times more White Alone residents (948k people) in Jacksonville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 316k Black or African American Alone and 132k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jacksonville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    76,521 speakers (5.62%)

  2. Tagalog

    14,022 speakers (1.03%)

  3. French Creole

    6,816 speakers (0.501%)

11.7% of Jacksonville, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Jacksonville, FL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.62% of the overall population of Jacksonville, FL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.03% speak Tagalog and 0.501% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    41,947 ± 4,284

  2. Vietnam

    37,066 ± 2,717

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    27,265 ± 3,086

Jacksonville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jacksonville, FL awarded 18,928 degrees. The student population of Jacksonville, FL is skewed towards women, with 23,272 male students and 33,412 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jacksonville, FL are White (10,253 and 55.4%), followed by Black or African American (3,955 and 21.4%), Hispanic or Latino (1,550 and 8.37%), and Unknown (1,477 and 7.98%).

The largest universities in Jacksonville, FL by number of degrees awarded are Florida State College at Jacksonville (8,029 and 42.4%), University of North Florida (4,267 and 22.5%), and Jacksonville University (1,338 and 7.07%).

The most popular majors in Jacksonville, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (3,401 and 18%), Registered Nursing (1,584 and 8.37%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,137 and 6.01%).

The median tuition costs in Jacksonville, FL are $12,729 for private four year colleges, and $3,028 and $12,073 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 473 degrees awarded

  2. 417 degrees awarded

  3. 1,002 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jacksonville, FL was General Business Administration & Management with 473 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jacksonville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,029 degrees awarded

  2. 4,267 degrees awarded

  3. 1,338 degrees awarded

$3,028

Median In-State Public

$12,729

Median Private

In 2016, the Jacksonville, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Florida State College at Jacksonville with 8,029 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,481

Degrees Awarded to Men

11,447

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,481 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jacksonville, FL, which is 0.654 times less than the 11,447 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jacksonville, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,253 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,955 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,550 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jacksonville, FL were to White students. These 10,253 degrees mean that there were 2.59 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,955 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jacksonville, FL was $205,100 in 2017, which is 0.943 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $187,600 to $205,100, a 9.33% increase. The homeownership rate in Jacksonville, FL is 63.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jacksonville, FL have an average commute time of 24.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jacksonville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$58,709

Median Household Income

± $1,788

560k

Number of Households

± 13,077

In 2017, the median household income of the 560k households in Jacksonville, FL grew to $58,709 from the previous year's value of $56,840.

The following chart displays the households in Jacksonville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$205,100

2017 Median

± $4,814

$187,600

2016 Median

± $4,365

In 2017, the median property value in Jacksonville, FL grew to to $205,100 from the previous year's value of $187,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jacksonville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jacksonville, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jacksonville, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jacksonville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

63.6%

2017 Homeownership

64.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.6% of the housing units in Jacksonville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jacksonville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jacksonville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jacksonville, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

24.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jacksonville, FL have a shorter commute time (24.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.38% of the workforce in Jacksonville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jacksonville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jacksonville, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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