Jackson, MS

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Population

578,794

0.239% decline

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$52,434

3.56% growth

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

262,443

0.315% growth

Median Property Value

$147,700

4.09% growth

About

In 2017, Jackson, MS had a population of 579k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $52,434. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson, MS declined from 580,178 to 578,794, a -0.239% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,632 to $52,434, a 3.56% increase.

The population of Jackson, MS is 49.5% Black or African American Alone, 46.1% White Alone, and 2.44% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jackson, MS speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, MS are Hinds Community College (3,679 degrees awarded in 2016), Jackson State University (1,517 degrees), and Mississippi College (1,364 degrees).

The median property value in Jackson, MS is $147,700, and the homeownership rate is 67.3%. Most people in Jackson, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, MS is 2 cars per household.

Jackson, MS borders Vicksburg, MS and Brookhaven, MS.

Economy

The economy of Jackson, MS employs 262k people. The largest industries in Jackson, MS are Health Care & Social Assistance (48,840 people), Retail Trade (25,776 people), and Manufacturing (25,630 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,795), Utilities ($51,881), and Finance & Insurance ($48,505).

Median household income in Jackson, MS is $52,434. Males in Jackson, MS have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,627. The income inequality in Jackson, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,434

2017 value

± $1,900

3.56%

1 Year Growth

± 4.74%

Households in Jackson, MS have a median annual income of $52,434, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,632 in 2016, which represents a 3.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

$52,081

Average Male Salary

± $1,662

$37,627

Average Female Salary

± $1,056

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mississippi made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $67,477 ± $80,729

  2. White

    $45,936 ± $1,356

  3. Asian

    $43,024 ± $11,325

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mississippi workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.47 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, MS is from Mississippi.

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

0.448

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.92% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, MS was Madison County, MS with a value of $68,336, followed by DeSoto County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $66,440 and $66,054.

The following map shows all of the counties in Jackson, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, MS (103k out of 557k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    76,058 ± 2,016

  2. White

    23,119 ± 1,176

  3. Hispanic

    3,197 ± 498

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, MS is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

262k

2017 Value

± 9,579

0.315%

1 Year growth

± 5.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson, MS grew at a rate of 0.315%, from 262k employees to 262k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, MS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,568 people), Sales & Related Occupations (28,025 people), and Management Occupations (25,794 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (33,568 people), Sales & Related Occupations (28,025 people), and Management Occupations (25,794 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Jackson, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.76 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.41 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($66,679), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,053), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,024).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

262k

2017 Value

± 9,579

0.315%

1 Year growth

± 5.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson, MS grew at a rate of 0.315%, from 262k employees to 262k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, MS, are Health Care & Social Assistance (48,840 people), Retail Trade (25,776 people), and Manufacturing (25,630 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, MS, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson, MS, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (48,840 people), Retail Trade (25,776 people), and Manufacturing (25,630 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Jackson, MS has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.54 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.33 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson, MS, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,795), Utilities ($51,881), and Finance & Insurance ($48,505).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $39.9B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $39.9B, followed by Textiles/leather ($25.1B) and Mixed freight ($13.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi state.

$187B

2015 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

48.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Mississippi trade was $187B. This is expected to increase 48.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.4B

  2. $16.3B

  3. $15.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $34.4B, followed by Tennessee with $16.3B and Louisiana and $15.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.9% of the population of Jackson, MS has health coverage, with 45.6% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 10% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.82% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Jackson, MS was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Jackson, MS see 1883 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2186 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 764 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

1,883 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,883 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1,896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.1%

Uninsured

45.6%

Employer Coverage

19.2%

Medicaid

10%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.82%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, MS declined by 1.85% from 10.3% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson, MS is home to a population of 579k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.43% of Jackson, MS residents were born outside of the country (14.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson, MS is composed of 286k Black or African American Alone residents (49.5%), 267k White Alone residents (46.1%), 14.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.44%), 6.54k Asian Alone residents (1.13%), 4.49k Two or More Races residents (0.775%), 286 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0494%), 286 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0494%), and 18 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00311%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson, MS are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson, MS was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Jackson, MS are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson, MS residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.43%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.1k people

2.38%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.8k people

As of 2017, 2.43% of Jackson, MS residents (14.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, MS was 2.38%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    19,806 ± 3,444 people

  2. Vietnam

    5,267 ± 1,780 people

  3. India

    4,894 ± 1,716 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 19,806 Mississippi residents, followed by Vietnam with 5,267 and India with 4,894.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.7% of Jackson, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, MS was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    286k ± 4.19k

  2. White Alone

    267k ± 3.77k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    14.1k ± 3.13k

In 2017, there were 1.07 times more Black or African American Alone residents (286k people) in Jackson, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 267k White Alone and 14.1k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson, MS as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jackson, MS citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson, MS was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jackson, MS are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,344 ± 1,200

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,565 ± 1,276

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,535 ± 1,107

Jackson, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson, MS awarded 9,579 degrees. The student population of Jackson, MS is skewed towards women, with 13,705 male students and 23,918 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, MS are Black or African American (5,469 and 58.4%), followed by White (3,268 and 34.9%), Unknown (219 and 2.34%), and Hispanic or Latino (157 and 1.68%).

The largest universities in Jackson, MS by number of degrees awarded are Hinds Community College (3,679 and 38.4%), Jackson State University (1,517 and 15.8%), and Mississippi College (1,364 and 14.2%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, MS are General Studies (968 and 10.1%), Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (745 and 7.78%), and General Business Administration & Management (594 and 6.2%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson, MS are $19,263 for private four year colleges, and $7,141 and $7,141 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 279 degrees awarded

  2. 184 degrees awarded

  3. 130 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson, MS was General Business Administration & Management with 279 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,679 degrees awarded

  2. 1,517 degrees awarded

  3. 1,364 degrees awarded

$7,141

Median In-State Public

$19,263

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson, MS institution with the largest number of graduating students was Hinds Community College with 3,679 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,906

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,673

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,906 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, MS, which is 0.689 times less than the 5,673 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jackson, MS by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    5,469 degrees awarded

  2. White

    3,268 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    219 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson, MS were to Black or African American students. These 5,469 degrees mean that there were 1.67 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 3,268 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, MS was $147,700 in 2017, which is 0.679 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $141,900 to $147,700, a 4.09% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson, MS is 67.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson, MS have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,434

Median Household Income

± $1,900

211k

Number of Households

± 7,806

In 2017, the median household income of the 211k households in Jackson, MS grew to $52,434 from the previous year's value of $50,632.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$147,700

2017 Median

± $4,463

$141,900

2016 Median

± $5,355

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson, MS grew to to $147,700 from the previous year's value of $141,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.3%

2017 Homeownership

67.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.3% of the housing units in Jackson, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, MS have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, MS have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.52% of the workforce in Jackson, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.59%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.12%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson, MS was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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