Jackson County, FL

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Population

48,571

0.308% decline

Median Age

41.5


Median Household Income

$36,944

4.16% growth

Poverty Rate

21.6%


Number of Employees

16,193

1.42% growth

Median Property Value

$94,900

2.93% growth

About

In 2017, Jackson County, FL had a population of 48.6k people with a median age of 41.5 and a median household income of $36,944. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson County, FL declined from 48,721 to 48,571, a -0.308% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,470 to $36,944, a 4.16% increase.

The population of Jackson County, FL is 65.5% White Alone, 26.8% Black or African American Alone, and 4.65% Hispanic or Latino. 6.17% of the people in Jackson County, FL speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, FL are Chipola College (547 degrees awarded in 2016) and The Baptist College of Florida (91 degrees).

The median property value in Jackson County, FL is $94,900, and the homeownership rate is 70.1%. Most people in Jackson County, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, FL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jackson County, FL employs 16.2k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,136 people), Retail Trade (2,316 people), and Public Administration (2,061 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($78,971), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,216), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,185).

Median household income in Jackson County, FL is $36,944. Males in Jackson County, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,078. The income inequality in Jackson County, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,944

2017 value

± $1,427

4.16%

1 Year Growth

± 6.21%

Households in Jackson County, FL have a median annual income of $36,944, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,470 in 2016, which represents a 4.16% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Florida.

$58,931

Average Male Salary

± $842

$44,078

Average Female Salary

± $574

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jackson County, FL made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,227 ± $3,227

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,175 ± $47,169

  3. White

    $47,927 ± $556

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jackson County, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.259% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2107

  2. Census Tract 2108

  3. Census Tract 2109

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, FL was Census Tract 2107 with a value of $51,681, followed by Census Tract 2108 and Census Tract 2109, with respective values of $40,171 and $40,078.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, FL (8.79k out of 40.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,953 ± 459

  2. Black

    3,508 ± 432

  3. Hispanic

    506 ± 148

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

16.2k

2017 Value

± 859

1.42%

1 Year growth

± 7.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, FL grew at a rate of 1.42%, from 16k employees to 16.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,992 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,748 people), and Management Occupations (1,178 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson County, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,992 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,748 people), and Management Occupations (1,178 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (6.98 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.43 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.43 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson County, FL, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($88,229), Legal Occupations ($87,000), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,656).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

16.2k

2017 Value

± 859

1.42%

1 Year growth

± 7.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, FL grew at a rate of 1.42%, from 16k employees to 16.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,136 people), Retail Trade (2,316 people), and Public Administration (2,061 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, FL, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson County, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,136 people), Retail Trade (2,316 people), and Public Administration (2,061 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, FL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.45 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.73 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson County, FL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($78,971), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,216), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,185).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.1% of the population of Jackson County, FL has health coverage, with 38.1% on employee plans, 16.5% on Medicaid, 17% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 2.72% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jackson County, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, FL see 2430 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.37% decrease from the previous year (2568 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5359 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 910 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2430 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, FL see an average of 2430 patients per year. This represents a 5.37% decrease from the previous year (2568 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, FL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.9%

Uninsured

38.1%

Employer Coverage

16.5%

Medicaid

17%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

2.72%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, FL declined by 5.01% from 12.5% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson County, FL is home to a population of 48.6k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.17% of Jackson County, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson County, FL is composed of 31.8k White Alone residents (65.5%), 13k Black or African American Alone residents (26.8%), 2.26k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.65%), 685 Two or More Races residents (1.41%), 350 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.721%), 272 Asian Alone residents (0.56%), 102 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.21%), and 52 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.107%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson County, FL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,851 speakers), French Creole (186 speakers), and Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (125 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson County, FL was 41.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Jackson County, FL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson County, FL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.17%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.37%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.17% of Jackson County, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, FL was 3.37%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    951,787 ± 23,383 people

  2. Haiti

    321,904 ± 13,819 people

  3. Mexico

    272,262 ± 12,724 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jackson County, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 951,787 Jackson County, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 321,904 and Mexico with 272,262.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Jackson County, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, FL was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    31.8k ± 40

  2. Black or African American Alone

    13k ± 145

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.26k ± 223

In 2017, there were 2.45 times more White Alone residents (31.8k people) in Jackson County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13k Black or African American Alone and 2.26k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson County, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,851 speakers (3.98%)

  2. French Creole

    186 speakers (0.4%)

  3. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole

    125 speakers (0.269%)

6.17% of Jackson County, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson County, FL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.98% of the overall population of Jackson County, FL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.4% speak French Creole and 0.269% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,752 ± 220

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    641 ± 206

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    437 ± 112

Jackson County, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.73 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson County, FL awarded 638 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, FL is skewed towards women, with 1,089 male students and 1,598 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, FL are White (514 and 80.6%), followed by Black or African American (81 and 12.7%), Hispanic or Latino (20 and 3.13%), and Two or More Races (14 and 2.19%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, FL by number of degrees awarded are Chipola College (547 and 85.7%) and The Baptist College of Florida (91 and 14.3%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (232 and 36.4%), Registered Nursing (130 and 20.4%), and Theological Studies (42 and 6.58%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County, FL are $9,900 for private four year colleges, and $2,365 and $8,195 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 232 degrees awarded

  2. 105 degrees awarded

  3. 7 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jackson County, FL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 232 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jackson County, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 547 degrees awarded

  2. 91 degrees awarded

$2,365

Median In-State Public

$9,900

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson County, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Chipola College with 547 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

273

Degrees Awarded to Men

365

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 273 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, FL, which is 0.748 times less than the 365 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson County, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    514 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    81 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    20 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson County, FL were to White students. These 514 degrees mean that there were 6.35 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 81 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, FL was $94,900 in 2017, which is 0.436 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $92,200 to $94,900, a 2.93% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, FL is 70.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson County, FL have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson County, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,944

Median Household Income

± $1,427

17k

Number of Households

± 832

In 2017, the median household income of the 17k households in Jackson County, FL grew to $36,944 from the previous year's value of $35,470.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$94,900

2017 Median

± $5,815

$92,200

2016 Median

± $5,935

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson County, FL grew to to $94,900 from the previous year's value of $92,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson County, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson County, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.1%

2017 Homeownership

70.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.1% of the housing units in Jackson County, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson County, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, FL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, FL have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.67% of the workforce in Jackson County, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.6%

  2. Carpooled

    6.11%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson County, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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