Jackson County, AR

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Population

17,429

0.377% decline

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$32,783

4.92% growth

Poverty Rate

25.1%


Number of Employees

5,700

4.49% growth

Median Property Value

$61,300

3.62% decline

About

In 2017, Jackson County, AR had a population of 17.4k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $32,783. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson County, AR declined from 17,495 to 17,429, a -0.377% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,245 to $32,783, a 4.92% increase.

The population of Jackson County, AR is 77.2% White Alone, 16.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.79% Two or More Races. 1.76% of the people in Jackson County, AR speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, AR are Arkansas State University-Newport (814 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Jackson County, AR is $61,300, and the homeownership rate is 70.6%. Most people in Jackson County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jackson County, AR employs 5.7k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, AR are Manufacturing (1,030 people), Retail Trade (791 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (617 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,929), Transportation & Warehousing ($41,929), and Manufacturing ($40,256).

Median household income in Jackson County, AR is $32,783. Males in Jackson County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Jackson County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,783

2017 value

± $2,974

4.92%

1 Year Growth

± 10.9%

Households in Jackson County, AR have a median annual income of $32,783, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,245 in 2016, which represents a 4.92% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jackson County, AR made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jackson County, AR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4805

  2. Census Tract 4803

  3. Census Tract 4801

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, AR was Census Tract 4805 with a value of $43,919, followed by Census Tract 4803 and Census Tract 4801, with respective values of $32,792 and $30,586.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, AR (3.59k out of 14.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Males < 5 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,462 ± 264

  2. Black

    838 ± 211

  3. Two Or More

    292 ± 122

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, AR is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.7k

2017 Value

± 420

4.49%

1 Year growth

± 9.93%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, AR grew at a rate of 4.49%, from 5.46k employees to 5.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, AR, are Production Occupations (714 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (629 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (551 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson County, AR, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (714 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (629 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (551 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5.87 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.23 times), and Production Occupations (2.16 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson County, AR, by median earnings, are Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($84,868), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($83,684), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($51,500).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.7k

2017 Value

± 420

4.49%

1 Year growth

± 9.93%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, AR grew at a rate of 4.49%, from 5.46k employees to 5.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, AR, are Manufacturing (1,030 people), Retail Trade (791 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (617 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson County, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,030 people), Retail Trade (791 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (617 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, AR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (6.76 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.75 times), and Manufacturing (1.78 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson County, AR, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,929), Transportation & Warehousing ($41,929), and Manufacturing ($40,256).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood with $17.5B and Mixed freight and $8.54B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.2% of the population of Jackson County, AR has health coverage, with 30.7% on employee plans, 28% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 1.62% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jackson County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, AR see 1926 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.13% decrease from the previous year (1948 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2870 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 957 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1926 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, AR see an average of 1926 patients per year. This represents a 1.13% decrease from the previous year (1948 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.8%

Uninsured

30.7%

Employer Coverage

28%

Medicaid

15%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

1.62%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, AR declined by 14.1% from 13.7% to 11.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson County, AR is home to a population of 17.4k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.43% of Jackson County, AR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson County, AR is composed of 13.5k White Alone residents (77.2%), 2.95k Black or African American Alone residents (16.9%), 486 Two or More Races residents (2.79%), 476 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.73%), 31 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.178%), 15 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0861%), 8 Asian Alone residents (0.0459%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson County, AR are Spanish or Spanish Creole (261 speakers), Vietnamese (20 speakers), and German (10 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

54

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 46.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson County, AR was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Jackson County, AR are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson County, AR residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.43%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.726%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 0.43% of Jackson County, AR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, AR was 0.726%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jackson County, AR was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Jackson County, AR residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

99.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.8% of Jackson County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, AR was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    13.5k ± 21

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.95k ± 160

  3. Two or More Races

    486 ± 162

In 2017, there were 4.56 times more White Alone residents (13.5k people) in Jackson County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.95k Black or African American Alone and 486 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    261 speakers (1.57%)

  2. Vietnamese

    20 speakers (0.12%)

  3. German

    10 speakers (0.0602%)

1.76% of Jackson County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson County, AR was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.57% of the overall population of Jackson County, AR are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.12% speak Vietnamese and 0.0602% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    353 ± 90

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    251 ± 99

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    134 ± 56

Jackson County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson County, AR awarded 814 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, AR is skewed towards women, with 1,097 male students and 1,638 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, AR are White (634 and 78.6%), followed by Black or African American (115 and 14.3%), Hispanic or Latino (26 and 3.22%), and Two or More Races (19 and 2.35%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, AR by number of degrees awarded are Arkansas State University-Newport (814 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, AR are Liberal Arts & Sciences (250 and 30.7%), Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (162 and 19.9%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (64 and 7.86%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 143 degrees awarded

  2. 64 degrees awarded

  3. 28 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Jackson County, AR was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 143 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Jackson County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

814 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Arkansas State University-Newport with 814 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

380

Degrees Awarded to Men

434

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 380 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, AR, which is 0.876 times less than the 434 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    634 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    115 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    26 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson County, AR were to White students. These 634 degrees mean that there were 5.51 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 115 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, AR was $61,300 in 2017, which is 0.282 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $63,600 to $61,300, a 3.62% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, AR is 70.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson County, AR have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,783

Median Household Income

± $2,974

6.18k

Number of Households

± 420

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.18k households in Jackson County, AR grew to $32,783 from the previous year's value of $31,245.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$61,300

2017 Median

± $4,595

$63,600

2016 Median

± $4,369

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson County, AR declined from to $61,300 from the previous year's value of $63,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.6%

2017 Homeownership

68.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.6% of the housing units in Jackson County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, AR have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.42% of the workforce in Jackson County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.37%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.08%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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