Houston, TX

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Population

2.31M

0.384% growth

Median Age

33.1


Median Household Income

$50,896

6.49% growth

Poverty Rate

21.2%


Number of Employees

1.11M

1.48% decline

Median Property Value

$173,600

6.05% growth

About

In 2017, Houston, TX had a population of 2.31M people with a median age of 33.1 and a median household income of $50,896. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Houston, TX grew from 2.3M to 2.31M, a 0.384% increase and its median household income grew from $47,793 to $50,896, a 6.49% increase.

The population of Houston, TX is 44.6% Hispanic or Latino, 24.7% White Alone, and 22.5% Black or African American Alone. 49.3% of the people in Houston, TX speak a non-English language, and 79.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houston, TX are University of Houston (9,524 degrees awarded in 2016), Houston Community College (8,129 degrees), and University of Houston-Downtown (2,882 degrees).

The median property value in Houston, TX is $173,600, and the homeownership rate is 42.8%. Most people in Houston, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Houston, TX employs 1.11M people. The largest industries in Houston, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (121,078 people), Construction (117,617 people), and Retail Trade (112,623 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($99,568), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($92,154), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,195).

Median household income in Houston, TX is $50,896. Males in Houston, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Houston, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,896

2017 value

± $727

6.49%

1 Year Growth

± 2.69%

Households in Houston, TX have a median annual income of $50,896, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,793 in 2016, which represents a 6.49% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Houston, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Houston, TX made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Houston, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Houston, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Houston, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houston, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4304

  2. Census Tract 4303

  3. Census Tract 4112

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston, TX was Census Tract 4304 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 4303 and Census Tract 4112, with respective values of $250,001 and $236,875.

The following map shows all of the places in Houston, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston, TX (473k out of 2.23M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    266,487 ± 4,260

  2. White

    248,530 ± 4,139

  3. Black

    132,555 ± 3,120

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.11M

2017 Value

± 20,762

-1.48%

1 Year decline

± 2.67%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houston, TX declined at a rate of -1.48%, from 1.12M employees to 1.11M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston, TX, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (60,011 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (49,970 people), and Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (31,598 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Houston, TX, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (60,011 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (49,970 people), and Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (31,598 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Houston, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Painters & Paperhangers (2.92 times higher than expected), Construction Laborers (2.08 times), and Construction Trades Workers Except Carpenters, Electricians, Painters, Plumbers, & Construction Laborers (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Houston, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($92,139), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,491), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($76,906).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.11M

2017 Value

± 20,762

-1.48%

1 Year decline

± 2.67%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houston, TX declined at a rate of -1.48%, from 1.12M employees to 1.11M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (121,078 people), Construction (117,617 people), and Retail Trade (112,623 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston, TX, though some of these residents may live in Houston, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Houston, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (121,078 people), Construction (117,617 people), and Retail Trade (112,623 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Houston, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.73 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.21 times), and Construction (1.63 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Houston, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($99,568), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($92,154), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,195).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

77.2% of the population of Houston, TX has health coverage, with 39.2% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 7.68% on Medicare, 8.55% on non-group plans, and 0.794% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Houston, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Houston, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1670 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

22.8%

Uninsured

39.2%

Employer Coverage

20.9%

Medicaid

7.68%

Medicare

8.55%

Non-Group

0.794%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston, TX grew by 2.78% from 22.2% to 22.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Houston, TX is home to a population of 2.31M people, from which 79.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 28.6% of Houston, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Houston, TX is composed of 1.03M Hispanic or Latino residents (44.6%), 571k White Alone residents (24.7%), 520k Black or African American Alone residents (22.5%), 150k Asian Alone residents (6.47%), 30.9k Two or More Races residents (1.34%), 5.62k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.243%), 2.26k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0975%), and 812 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0351%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Houston, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (825,216 speakers), Chinese (32,387 speakers), and Vietnamese (30,519 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Houston, TX was 33.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Houston, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Houston, TX residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

28.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

28.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 28.6% of Houston, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston, TX was 28.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Houston, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Houston, TX residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

79.9%

2017 Citizenship

79.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 79.9% of Houston, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Houston, TX was 79.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    1.03M ± 28.9k

  2. White Alone

    571k ± 15.5k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    520k ± 16.3k

In 2017, there were 1.81 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (1.03M people) in Houston, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 571k White Alone and 520k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Houston, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    825,216 speakers (38.9%)

  2. Chinese

    32,387 speakers (1.53%)

  3. Vietnamese

    30,519 speakers (1.44%)

49.3% of Houston, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Houston, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 38.9% of the overall population of Houston, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.53% speak Chinese and 1.44% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    20,569 ± 2,215

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    17,611 ± 2,942

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    10,103 ± 1,865

Houston, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Houston, TX awarded 38,287 degrees. The student population of Houston, TX is skewed towards women, with 74,034 male students and 90,546 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houston, TX are Hispanic or Latino (11,006 and 31.5%), followed by White (9,025 and 25.9%), Black or African American (8,186 and 23.5%), and Asian (4,288 and 12.3%).

The largest universities in Houston, TX by number of degrees awarded are University of Houston (9,524 and 24.9%), Houston Community College (8,129 and 21.2%), and University of Houston-Downtown (2,882 and 7.53%).

The most popular majors in Houston, TX are General Studies (5,127 and 13.4%), General Business Administration & Management (2,471 and 6.45%), and Medical Assistant (1,862 and 4.86%).

The median tuition costs in Houston, TX are $28,850 for private four year colleges, and $4,843 and $20,729 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 825 degrees awarded

  2. 772 degrees awarded

  3. 909 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Houston, TX was General Psychology with 825 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Houston, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,524 degrees awarded

  2. 8,129 degrees awarded

  3. 2,882 degrees awarded

$4,843

Median In-State Public

$28,850

Median Private

In 2016, the Houston, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Houston with 9,524 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

15,992

Degrees Awarded to Men

22,295

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 15,992 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houston, TX, which is 0.717 times less than the 22,295 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Houston, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    11,006 degrees awarded

  2. White

    9,025 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    8,186 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Houston, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 11,006 degrees mean that there were 1.22 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 9,025 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston, TX was $173,600 in 2017, which is 0.798 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $163,700 to $173,600, a 6.05% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston, TX is 42.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Houston, TX have an average commute time of 26.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Houston, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,896

Median Household Income

± $727

838k

Number of Households

± 16,314

In 2017, the median household income of the 838k households in Houston, TX grew to $50,896 from the previous year's value of $47,793.

The following chart displays the households in Houston, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$173,600

2017 Median

± $4,337

$163,700

2016 Median

± $4,257

In 2017, the median property value in Houston, TX grew to to $173,600 from the previous year's value of $163,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Houston, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Houston, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

42.8%

2017 Homeownership

43.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 42.8% of the housing units in Houston, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 43.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Houston, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

26.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston, TX have a longer commute time (26.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.96% of the workforce in Houston, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Houston, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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