Hershey PUMA, PA

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Population

113,343

0.359% growth

Median Age

42.5


Median Household Income

$63,682

3.89% growth

Poverty Rate

10.3%


Number of Employees

54,601

0.97% decline

Median Property Value

$174,700

1.87% growth

About

In 2017, Hershey PUMA, PA had a population of 113k people with a median age of 42.5 and a median household income of $63,682. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hershey PUMA, PA grew from 112,937 to 113,343, a 0.359% increase and its median household income grew from $61,295 to $63,682, a 3.89% increase.

The population of Hershey PUMA, PA is 88.6% White Alone, 4.06% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.11% Black or African American Alone. 7.64% of the people in Hershey PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hershey PUMA, PA are Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg (1,035 degrees awarded in 2016) and Pennsylvania State University-College of Medicine (232 degrees).

The median property value in Hershey PUMA, PA is $174,700, and the homeownership rate is 74%. Most people in Hershey PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Hershey PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Hershey PUMA, PA employs 54.6k people. The largest industries in Hershey PUMA, PA are Hospitals (4,330 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,984 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,659 people), and the highest paying industries are Water, steam, air-conditioning, & irrigation systems ($239,507), Sugar & confectionery products ($128,300), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($114,597).

Median household income in Hershey PUMA, PA is $63,682. Males in Hershey PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,063. The income inequality in Hershey PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,682

2017 value

± $1,992

3.89%

1 Year Growth

± 3.79%

Households in Hershey PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $63,682, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,295 in 2016, which represents a 3.89% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hershey PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$71,249

Average Male Salary

± $11,131

$51,063

Average Female Salary

± $8,903

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hershey PUMA, PA made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hershey PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $71,952 ± $50,506

  2. Other

    $61,643 ± $62,970

  3. Black

    $60,818 ± $47,211

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hershey PUMA, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hershey PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.47

2017 Wage GINI

0.476

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hershey PUMA, PA was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.22% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hershey PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hershey PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hershey PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hershey PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Hershey PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hershey PUMA, PA (11.5k out of 112k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,573 ± 783

  2. Hispanic

    1,647 ± 880

  3. Black

    1,277 ± 890

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hershey PUMA, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

54.6k

2017 Value

-0.97%

1 Year decline

± -0.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hershey PUMA, PA declined at a rate of -0.97%, from 55.1k employees to 54.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hershey PUMA, PA, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,850 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,692 people), and Physicians & surgeons (1,571 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hershey PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hershey PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,850 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,692 people), and Physicians & surgeons (1,571 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Hershey PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Residential advisors (16.9 times higher than expected), Postal service mail sorters, processors, & processing machine operators (7.58 times), and Physicians & surgeons (4.73 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hershey PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($168,634), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($141,314), and Postsecondary teachers ($135,851).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

54.6k

2017 Value

-0.97%

1 Year decline

± -0.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hershey PUMA, PA declined at a rate of -0.97%, from 55.1k employees to 54.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hershey PUMA, PA, are Hospitals (4,330 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,984 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,659 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hershey PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Hershey PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hershey PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Hospitals (4,330 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,984 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,659 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Hershey PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Sugar & confectionery products (22.4 times higher than expected), Metalworking machinery manufacturing (5.1 times), and Cutlery & hand tool manufacturing (3.84 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hershey PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Water, steam, air-conditioning, & irrigation systems ($239,507), Sugar & confectionery products ($128,300), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($114,597).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.4% of the population of Hershey PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 57.7% on employee plans, 9.73% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Hershey PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Hershey PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.63%

Uninsured

57.7%

Employer Coverage

9.73%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

1.13%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hershey PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 6.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hershey PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hershey PUMA, PA is home to a population of 113k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Hershey PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hershey PUMA, PA is composed of 100k White Alone residents (88.6%), 4.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.06%), 3.53k Black or African American Alone residents (3.11%), 2.85k Asian Alone residents (2.51%), 1.68k Two or More Races residents (1.48%), 163 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.144%), 123 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.109%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hershey PUMA, PA are Spanish (2,937 speakers), Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (1,177 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (579 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hershey PUMA, PA was 42.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Hershey PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hershey PUMA, PA residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

4.16%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.7k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Hershey PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hershey PUMA, PA was 4.16%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hershey PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    541 ± 570 people

  2. Russia

    328 ± 444 people

  3. India

    316 ± 436 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hershey PUMA, PA was China, the natal country of 541 Hershey PUMA, PA residents, followed by Russia with 328 and India with 316.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Hershey PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hershey PUMA, PA was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hershey PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    100k ± 1.12k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4.6k ± 1.06k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.53k ± 853

In 2017, there were 21.8 times more White Alone residents (100k people) in Hershey PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.6k Hispanic or Latino and 3.53k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hershey PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,937 speakers (2.74%)

  2. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    1,177 speakers (1.1%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    579 speakers (0.539%)

7.64% of Hershey PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Hershey PUMA, PA was Spanish. 2.74% of the overall population of Hershey PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 1.1% speak Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages and 0.539% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,447 ± 254

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,171 ± 218

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,029 ± 178

Hershey PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hershey PUMA, PA awarded 1,267 degrees. The student population of Hershey PUMA, PA is skewed towards men, with 3,323 male students and 2,619 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hershey PUMA, PA are White (882 and 74.1%), followed by Black or African American (92 and 7.72%), Asian (89 and 7.47%), and Hispanic or Latino (62 and 5.21%).

The largest universities in Hershey PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg (1,035 and 81.7%) and Pennsylvania State University-College of Medicine (232 and 18.3%).

The most popular majors in Hershey PUMA, PA are Medicine (144 and 11.4%), Mechanical Engineering (83 and 6.55%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (57 and 4.5%).

The median tuition costs in Hershey PUMA, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $13,868 and $21,874 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 52 degrees awarded

  2. 52 degrees awarded

  3. 83 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hershey PUMA, PA was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 52 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hershey PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,035 degrees awarded

  2. 232 degrees awarded

$13,868

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hershey PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg with 1,035 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

664

Degrees Awarded to Men

603

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 664 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hershey PUMA, PA, which is 1.1 times more than the 603 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hershey PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    882 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    92 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    89 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hershey PUMA, PA were to White students. These 882 degrees mean that there were 9.59 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 92 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hershey PUMA, PA was $174,700 in 2017, which is 0.803 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $171,500 to $174,700, a 1.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Hershey PUMA, PA is 74%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hershey PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 22.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hershey PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,682

Median Household Income

± $1,992

45.6k

Number of Households

± 1,240

In 2017, the median household income of the 45.6k households in Hershey PUMA, PA grew to $63,682 from the previous year's value of $61,295.

The following chart displays the households in Hershey PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$174,700

2017 Median

± $3,192

$171,500

2016 Median

± $2,978

In 2017, the median property value in Hershey PUMA, PA grew to to $174,700 from the previous year's value of $171,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hershey PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hershey PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hershey PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hershey PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

74%

2017 Homeownership

73.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74% of the housing units in Hershey PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hershey PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hershey PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hershey PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hershey PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (22.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.73% of the workforce in Hershey PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hershey PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hershey PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (80.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.1%) and those who Worked At Home (5.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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