Hempstead County, AR

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Population

22,154

0.243% decline

Median Age

38.9


Median Household Income

$38,701

13.6% growth

Poverty Rate

25.3%


Number of Employees

8,819

2.38% growth

Median Property Value

$76,200

0.131% decline

About

In 2017, Hempstead County, AR had a population of 22.2k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $38,701. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hempstead County, AR declined from 22,208 to 22,154, a -0.243% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,072 to $38,701, a 13.6% increase.

The population of Hempstead County, AR is 55.2% White Alone, 29.5% Black or African American Alone, and 12.5% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Hempstead County, AR speak a non-English language, and 95.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hempstead County, AR are University of Arkansas Community College-Hope (686 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Hempstead County, AR is $76,200, and the homeownership rate is 68.9%. Most people in Hempstead County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Hempstead County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hempstead County, AR employs 8.82k people. The largest industries in Hempstead County, AR are Manufacturing (1,957 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,111 people), and Retail Trade (976 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,716), Transportation & Warehousing ($40,742), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($40,740).

Median household income in Hempstead County, AR is $38,701. Males in Hempstead County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Hempstead County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,701

2017 value

± $3,965

13.6%

1 Year Growth

± 12%

Households in Hempstead County, AR have a median annual income of $38,701, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $34,072 in 2016, which represents a 13.6% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hempstead County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arkansas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arkansas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hempstead County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4804

  2. Census Tract 4801

  3. Census Tract 4802

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hempstead County, AR was Census Tract 4804 with a value of $51,684, followed by Census Tract 4801 and Census Tract 4802, with respective values of $46,761 and $37,900.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hempstead County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hempstead County, AR (5.54k out of 21.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,498 ± 346

  2. Hispanic

    1,842 ± 319

  3. Black

    1,710 ± 307

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hempstead County, AR is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.82k

2017 Value

± 654

2.38%

1 Year growth

± 10.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hempstead County, AR grew at a rate of 2.38%, from 8.61k employees to 8.82k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hempstead County, AR, are Production Occupations (1,126 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (968 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (688 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hempstead County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hempstead County, AR, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,126 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (968 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (688 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hempstead County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.06 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.2 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.91 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hempstead County, AR, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($95,250), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($56,090), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($52,774).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.82k

2017 Value

± 654

2.38%

1 Year growth

± 10.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hempstead County, AR grew at a rate of 2.38%, from 8.61k employees to 8.82k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hempstead County, AR, are Manufacturing (1,957 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,111 people), and Retail Trade (976 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hempstead County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Hempstead County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hempstead County, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,957 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,111 people), and Retail Trade (976 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hempstead County, AR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.2 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.19 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hempstead County, AR, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,716), Transportation & Warehousing ($40,742), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($40,740).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood ($17.5B) and Mixed freight ($8.54B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.7% of the population of Hempstead County, AR has health coverage, with 35.3% on employee plans, 29% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 0.945% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hempstead County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Hempstead County, AR see 3681 patients per year on average, which represents a 15.4% increase from the previous year (3190 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2442 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1690 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,681 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hempstead County, AR see an average of 3,681 patients per year. This represents a 15.4% increase from the previous year (3,190 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hempstead County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%

Uninsured

35.3%

Employer Coverage

29%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

0.945%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hempstead County, AR declined by 29.3% from 14.6% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hempstead County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hempstead County, AR is home to a population of 22.2k people, from which 95.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.28% of Hempstead County, AR residents were born outside of the country (1.17k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hempstead County, AR is composed of 12.2k White Alone residents (55.2%), 6.53k Black or African American Alone residents (29.5%), 2.76k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.5%), 478 Two or More Races residents (2.16%), 80 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.361%), 56 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.253%), 19 Asian Alone residents (0.0858%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hempstead County, AR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hempstead County, AR was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Hempstead County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hempstead County, AR residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.28%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.17k people

6.84%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.52k people

As of 2017, 5.28% of Hempstead County, AR residents (1.17k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hempstead County, AR was 6.84%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hempstead County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

95.6%

2017 Citizenship

94.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.6% of Hempstead County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hempstead County, AR was 94.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hempstead County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    12.2k ± 21

  2. Black or African American Alone

    6.53k ± 227

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.76k ± 603

In 2017, there were 1.87 times more White Alone residents (12.2k people) in Hempstead County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.53k Black or African American Alone and 2.76k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hempstead County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hempstead County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hempstead County, AR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hempstead County, AR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    447 ± 130

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    125 ± 90

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    114 ± 61

Hempstead County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hempstead County, AR awarded 686 degrees. The student population of Hempstead County, AR is skewed towards women, with 474 male students and 1,057 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hempstead County, AR are White (403 and 58.7%), followed by Black or African American (228 and 33.2%), Hispanic or Latino (42 and 6.12%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (7 and 1.02%).

The largest universities in Hempstead County, AR by number of degrees awarded are University of Arkansas Community College-Hope (686 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Hempstead County, AR are Liberal Arts & Sciences (179 and 26.1%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (86 and 12.5%), and Diesel Mechanics Technology (42 and 6.12%).

The median tuition costs in Hempstead County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 86 degrees awarded

  2. 35 degrees awarded

  3. 27 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Hempstead County, AR was Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant with 86 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Hempstead County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

686 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hempstead County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arkansas Community College-Hope with 686 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

246

Degrees Awarded to Men

440

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 246 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hempstead County, AR, which is 0.559 times less than the 440 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hempstead County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    403 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    228 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    42 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hempstead County, AR were to White students. These 403 degrees mean that there were 1.77 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 228 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hempstead County, AR was $76,200 in 2017, which is 0.35 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $76,300 to $76,200, a 0.131% decrease. The homeownership rate in Hempstead County, AR is 68.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hempstead County, AR have an average commute time of 19.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hempstead County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$38,701

Median Household Income

± $3,965

7.93k

Number of Households

± 601

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.93k households in Hempstead County, AR grew to $38,701 from the previous year's value of $34,072.

The following chart displays the households in Hempstead County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$76,200

2017 Median

± $3,461

$76,300

2016 Median

± $4,030

In 2017, the median property value in Hempstead County, AR declined from to $76,200 from the previous year's value of $76,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hempstead County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hempstead County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hempstead County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hempstead County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.9%

2017 Homeownership

67.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.9% of the housing units in Hempstead County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hempstead County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hempstead County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hempstead County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hempstead County, AR have a shorter commute time (19.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.75% of the workforce in Hempstead County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hempstead County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.1%

  2. Carpooled

    12.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.07%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hempstead County, AR was Drove Alone (82.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.2%) and those who Worked At Home (3.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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