Hays County, TX

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Population

194,843

4.93% growth

Median Age

31.3


Median Household Income

$62,815

3.84% growth

Poverty Rate

15.3%


Number of Employees

99,069

6.77% growth

Median Property Value

$204,700

4.55% growth

About

In 2017, Hays County, TX had a population of 195k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $62,815. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hays County, TX grew from 185,686 to 194,843, a 4.93% increase and its median household income grew from $60,495 to $62,815, a 3.84% increase.

The population of Hays County, TX is 55.3% White Alone, 37.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.48% Black or African American Alone. 24.5% of the people in Hays County, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hays County, TX are Texas State University (8,151 degrees awarded in 2016) and Total Transformation Institute of Cosmetology (27 degrees).

The median property value in Hays County, TX is $204,700, and the homeownership rate is 62.1%. Most people in Hays County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hays County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hays County, TX employs 99.1k people. The largest industries in Hays County, TX are Retail Trade (13,683 people), Educational Services (12,774 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (10,415 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,578), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,785), and Wholesale Trade ($52,081).

Median household income in Hays County, TX is $62,815. Males in Hays County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Hays County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,815

2017 value

± $1,681

3.84%

1 Year Growth

± 3.45%

Households in Hays County, TX have a median annual income of $62,815, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,495 in 2016, which represents a 3.84% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hays County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hays County, TX made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hays County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hays County, TX workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hays County, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hays County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 108.05

  2. Census Tract 108.06

  3. Census Tract 108.09

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hays County, TX was Census Tract 108.05 with a value of $136,767, followed by Census Tract 108.06 and Census Tract 108.09, with respective values of $117,692 and $99,500.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hays County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hays County, TX (28.7k out of 187k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    24,878 ± 1,410

  2. Hispanic

    14,028 ± 985

  3. Other

    2,056 ± 419

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hays County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

99.1k

2017 Value

± 2,749

6.77%

1 Year growth

± 3.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hays County, TX grew at a rate of 6.77%, from 92.8k employees to 99.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hays County, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (13,487 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,009 people), and Management Occupations (10,374 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hays County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hays County, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (13,487 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,009 people), and Management Occupations (10,374 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hays County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.45 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.29 times), and Sales & Related Occupations (1.29 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hays County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,532), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($74,732), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($73,142).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

99.1k

2017 Value

± 2,749

6.77%

1 Year growth

± 3.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hays County, TX grew at a rate of 6.77%, from 92.8k employees to 99.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hays County, TX, are Retail Trade (13,683 people), Educational Services (12,774 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (10,415 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hays County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Hays County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hays County, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (13,683 people), Educational Services (12,774 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (10,415 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hays County, TX has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.39 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.38 times), and Utilities (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hays County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,578), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,785), and Wholesale Trade ($52,081).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline with $216B and Mixed freight and $159B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.7% of the population of Hays County, TX has health coverage, with 54.4% on employee plans, 8.06% on Medicaid, 7.55% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 2.24% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hays County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Hays County, TX see 2404 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.75% decrease from the previous year (2606 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2921 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1142 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,404 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hays County, TX see an average of 2,404 patients per year. This represents a 7.75% decrease from the previous year (2,606 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hays County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.3%

Uninsured

54.4%

Employer Coverage

8.06%

Medicaid

7.55%

Medicare

13.5%

Non-Group

2.24%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hays County, TX declined by 1.95% from 14.6% to 14.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hays County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hays County, TX is home to a population of 195k people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.61% of Hays County, TX residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Hays County, TX is composed of 108k White Alone residents (55.3%), 73.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (37.8%), 6.78k Black or African American Alone residents (3.48%), 3.31k Two or More Races residents (1.7%), 2.5k Asian Alone residents (1.28%), 428 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.22%), 410 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.21%), and 85 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0436%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hays County, TX are Spanish or Spanish Creole (36,722 speakers), German (801 speakers), and Chinese (487 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hays County, TX was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Hays County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hays County, TX residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.61%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.93%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 8.61% of Hays County, TX residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hays County, TX was 7.93%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hays County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hays County, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Hays County, TX residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

94.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.2% of Hays County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hays County, TX was 94.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hays County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    108k ± 286

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    73.6k ± 1.99k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    6.78k ± 432

In 2017, there were 1.46 times more White Alone residents (108k people) in Hays County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73.6k Hispanic or Latino and 6.78k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hays County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    36,722 speakers (22.1%)

  2. German

    801 speakers (0.481%)

  3. Chinese

    487 speakers (0.292%)

24.5% of Hays County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Hays County, TX was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 22.1% of the overall population of Hays County, TX are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.481% speak German and 0.292% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,830 ± 365

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,554 ± 407

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,898 ± 308

Hays County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hays County, TX awarded 8,178 degrees. The student population of Hays County, TX is skewed towards women, with 16,325 male students and 22,537 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hays County, TX are White (4,544 and 56.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,374 and 29.7%), Black or African American (488 and 6.1%), and Two or More Races (218 and 2.72%).

The largest universities in Hays County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas State University (8,151 and 99.7%) and Total Transformation Institute of Cosmetology (27 and 0.33%).

The most popular majors in Hays County, TX are Other Multidisciplinary Studies (535 and 6.54%), General Business Administration & Management (484 and 5.92%), and General Psychology (432 and 5.28%).

The median tuition costs in Hays County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,234 and $18,658 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 390 degrees awarded

  2. 507 degrees awarded

  3. 432 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hays County, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 390 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hays County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,151 degrees awarded

  2. 27 degrees awarded

$7,234

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hays County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas State University with 8,151 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,311

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,867

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,311 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hays County, TX, which is 0.68 times less than the 4,867 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hays County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,544 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,374 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    488 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hays County, TX were to White students. These 4,544 degrees mean that there were 1.91 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,374 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hays County, TX was $204,700 in 2017, which is 0.941 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $195,800 to $204,700, a 4.55% increase. The homeownership rate in Hays County, TX is 62.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hays County, TX have an average commute time of 28.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hays County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,815

Median Household Income

± $1,681

68k

Number of Households

± 2,074

In 2017, the median household income of the 68k households in Hays County, TX grew to $62,815 from the previous year's value of $60,495.

The following chart displays the households in Hays County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$204,700

2017 Median

± $4,782

$195,800

2016 Median

± $3,902

In 2017, the median property value in Hays County, TX grew to to $204,700 from the previous year's value of $195,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hays County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hays County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hays County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hays County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.1%

2017 Homeownership

63%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.1% of the housing units in Hays County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hays County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hays County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hays County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

28.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hays County, TX have a longer commute time (28.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.95% of the workforce in Hays County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hays County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.76%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.43%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hays County, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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