Hays County PUMA, TX

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Population

194,843

4.93% growth

Median Age

31.3


Median Household Income

$62,815

3.84% growth

Poverty Rate

15.3%


Number of Employees

92,317

6.43% growth

Median Property Value

$204,700

4.55% growth

About

In 2017, Hays County PUMA, TX had a population of 195k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $62,815. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hays County PUMA, TX grew from 185,686 to 194,843, a 4.93% increase and its median household income grew from $60,495 to $62,815, a 3.84% increase.

The population of Hays County PUMA, TX is 55.3% White Alone, 37.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.48% Black or African American Alone. 25% of the people in Hays County PUMA, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hays County PUMA, TX are Texas State University (8,151 degrees awarded in 2016) and Total Transformation Institute of Cosmetology (27 degrees).

The median property value in Hays County PUMA, TX is $204,700, and the homeownership rate is 62.1%. Most people in Hays County PUMA, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hays County PUMA, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Hays County PUMA, TX employs 92.3k people. The largest industries in Hays County PUMA, TX are Restaurants & Food Services (9,283 people), Elementary & secondary schools (7,368 people), and Construction (7,335 people), and the highest paying industries are Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($208,112), Household appliances & electrical & electronic goods merchant wholesalers ($189,759), and Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing ($126,323).

Median household income in Hays County PUMA, TX is $62,815. Males in Hays County PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,099. The income inequality in Hays County PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,815

2017 value

± $1,681

3.84%

1 Year Growth

± 3.45%

Households in Hays County PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $62,815, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,495 in 2016, which represents a 3.84% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hays County PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$61,550

Average Male Salary

± $7,277

$44,099

Average Female Salary

± $4,802

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hays County PUMA, TX made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hays County PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,574 ± $4,309

  2. Black

    $43,519 ± $16,082

  3. Asian

    $40,106 ± $26,989

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hays County PUMA, TX workers was White. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hays County PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.475

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hays County PUMA, TX was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.18% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hays County PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hays County PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hays County PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hays County PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $131,600, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $116,092 and $115,108.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Hays County PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hays County PUMA, TX (28.7k out of 187k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    24,878 ± 1,410

  2. Hispanic

    14,028 ± 985

  3. Black

    897 ± 289

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hays County PUMA, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

92.3k

2017 Value

6.43%

1 Year growth

± 6.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hays County PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 6.43%, from 86.7k employees to 92.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hays County PUMA, TX, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,641 people), Retail salespersons (3,382 people), and Waiters & waitresses (3,194 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hays County PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hays County PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,641 people), Retail salespersons (3,382 people), and Waiters & waitresses (3,194 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Hays County PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Residential advisors (5.88 times higher than expected), Surveying & mapping technicians (5.45 times), and Stationary engineers & boiler operators (4.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hays County PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Personal financial advisors ($209,085), Database administrators ($207,418), and Physicians & surgeons ($189,911).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

92.3k

2017 Value

6.43%

1 Year growth

± 6.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hays County PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 6.43%, from 86.7k employees to 92.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hays County PUMA, TX, are Restaurants & Food Services (9,283 people), Elementary & secondary schools (7,368 people), and Construction (7,335 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hays County PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Hays County PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hays County PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (9,283 people), Elementary & secondary schools (7,368 people), and Construction (7,335 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Hays County PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Other motor vehicle dealers (3.95 times higher than expected), Shoe stores (3.5 times), and Public finance activities (3.34 times) industries.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Hays County PUMA, TX has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Hays County PUMA, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Hays County PUMA, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hays County PUMA, TX N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hays County PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hays County PUMA, TX is home to a population of 195k people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Hays County PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hays County PUMA, TX is composed of 108k White Alone residents (55.3%), 73.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (37.8%), 6.78k Black or African American Alone residents (3.48%), 3.31k Two or More Races residents (1.7%), 2.5k Asian Alone residents (1.28%), 428 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.22%), 410 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.21%), and 85 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0436%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hays County PUMA, TX are Spanish (41,700 speakers), German (640 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (605 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hays County PUMA, TX was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Hays County PUMA, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hays County PUMA, TX residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

7.93%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

14.7k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Hays County PUMA, TX residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hays County PUMA, TX was 7.93%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hays County PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    10,601 ± 2,458 people

  2. El Salvador

    398 ± 489 people

  3. Philippines

    363 ± 467 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hays County PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 10,601 Hays County PUMA, TX residents, followed by El Salvador with 398 and Philippines with 363.

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Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

94.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.2% of Hays County PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hays County PUMA, TX was 94.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hays County PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    108k ± 286

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    73.6k ± 1.99k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    6.78k ± 432

In 2017, there were 1.46 times more White Alone residents (108k people) in Hays County PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73.6k Hispanic or Latino and 6.78k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hays County PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    41,700 speakers (22.8%)

  2. German

    640 speakers (0.35%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    605 speakers (0.331%)

25% of Hays County PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Hays County PUMA, TX was Spanish. 22.8% of the overall population of Hays County PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 0.35% speak German and 0.331% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,830 ± 365

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,554 ± 407

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,898 ± 308

Hays County PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hays County PUMA, TX awarded 8,178 degrees. The student population of Hays County PUMA, TX is skewed towards women, with 16,325 male students and 22,537 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hays County PUMA, TX are White (4,544 and 56.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,374 and 29.7%), Black or African American (488 and 6.1%), and Two or More Races (218 and 2.72%).

The largest universities in Hays County PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas State University (8,151 and 99.7%) and Total Transformation Institute of Cosmetology (27 and 0.33%).

The most popular majors in Hays County PUMA, TX are Other Multidisciplinary Studies (535 and 6.54%), General Business Administration & Management (484 and 5.92%), and General Psychology (432 and 5.28%).

The median tuition costs in Hays County PUMA, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,234 and $18,658 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 390 degrees awarded

  2. 507 degrees awarded

  3. 432 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hays County PUMA, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 390 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hays County PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,151 degrees awarded

  2. 27 degrees awarded

$7,234

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hays County PUMA, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas State University with 8,151 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,311

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,867

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,311 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hays County PUMA, TX, which is 0.68 times less than the 4,867 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hays County PUMA, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,544 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,374 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    488 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hays County PUMA, TX were to White students. These 4,544 degrees mean that there were 1.91 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,374 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hays County PUMA, TX was $204,700 in 2017, which is 0.941 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $195,800 to $204,700, a 4.55% increase. The homeownership rate in Hays County PUMA, TX is 62.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hays County PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 28.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hays County PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,815

Median Household Income

± $1,681

68k

Number of Households

± 2,074

In 2017, the median household income of the 68k households in Hays County PUMA, TX grew to $62,815 from the previous year's value of $60,495.

The following chart displays the households in Hays County PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$204,700

2017 Median

± $4,782

$195,800

2016 Median

± $3,902

In 2017, the median property value in Hays County PUMA, TX grew to to $204,700 from the previous year's value of $195,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hays County PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hays County PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hays County PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hays County PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.1%

2017 Homeownership

63%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.1% of the housing units in Hays County PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hays County PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hays County PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hays County PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

28.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hays County PUMA, TX have a longer commute time (28.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.95% of the workforce in Hays County PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hays County PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.76%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.43%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hays County PUMA, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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