Hawaii

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Population

1.43M

0.0713% decline

Median Age

39.2


Median Household Income

$77,765

4.37% growth

Poverty Rate

10.3%


Number of Employees

681,799

0.471% decline

Median Property Value

$617,400

4.29% growth

About

In 2017, Hawaii had a population of 1.43M people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $77,765. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hawaii declined from 1.43M to 1.43M, a -0.0713% decrease and its median household income grew from $74,511 to $77,765, a 4.37% increase.

The population of Hawaii is 37.3% Asian Alone, 21.8% White Alone, and 19.2% Two or More Races. 26.1% of the people in Hawaii speak a non-English language, and 92.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hawaii are University of Hawaii at Manoa (5,104 degrees awarded in 2016), Kapiolani Community College (1,383 degrees), and Hawaii Pacific University (1,272 degrees).

The median property value in Hawaii is $617,400, and the homeownership rate is 58.5%. Most people in Hawaii commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Hawaii is 2 cars per household.

Hawaii borders .

Economy

The economy of Hawaii employs 682k people. The largest industries in Hawaii are Restaurants & Food Services (66,644 people), Construction (46,287 people), and Traveler accommodation (39,105 people), and the highest paying industries are Household appliances & electrical & electronic goods merchant wholesalers ($185,036), Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($119,907), and Legal services ($116,827).

Median household income in Hawaii is $77,765. Males in Hawaii have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,748. The income inequality in Hawaii (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$77,765

2017 value

± $1,795

4.37%

1 Year Growth

± 3.18%

Households in Hawaii have a median annual income of $77,765, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $74,511 in 2016, which represents a 4.37% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hawaii compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,953

Average Male Salary

± $2,388

$50,748

Average Female Salary

± $2,181

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hawaii made 1.2 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $60,017 ± $3,603

  2. Asian

    $50,025 ± $2,289

  3. Two or More Races

    $44,298 ± $2,860

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hawaii workers was White. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.428

2017 Wage GINI

0.426

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hawaii was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.56% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hawaii was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hawaii in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hawaii across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hawaii was Kauai County, HI with a value of $83,860, followed by Honolulu County, HI and Maui County, HI, with respective values of $81,284 and $80,241.

The following map shows all of the counties in Hawaii colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hawaii (143k out of 1.38M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Two Or More

    37,081 ± 1,451

  2. Asian

    35,409 ± 1,289

  3. White

    34,717 ± 1,303

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hawaii is Two Or More, followed by Asian and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

682k

2017 Value

-0.471%

1 Year decline

± -0.471%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hawaii declined at a rate of -0.471%, from 685k employees to 682k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hawaii, are Military, rank not specified (17,621 people), Cooks (17,595 people), and Retail salespersons (17,183 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hawaii.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hawaii, by number of employees, are Military, rank not specified (17,621 people), Cooks (17,595 people), and Retail salespersons (17,183 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Hawaii has an unusually high number of residents working as Military, rank not specified (16.3 times higher than expected), Firstline enlisted military supervisors (13.5 times), and Military officer special & tactical operations leaders (11.2 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hawaii, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($231,402), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($140,588), and Aircraft pilots & flight engineers ($125,223).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

682k

2017 Value

-0.471%

1 Year decline

± -0.471%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hawaii declined at a rate of -0.471%, from 685k employees to 682k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hawaii, are Restaurants & Food Services (66,644 people), Construction (46,287 people), and Traveler accommodation (39,105 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hawaii, though some of these residents may live in Hawaii and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hawaii, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (66,644 people), Construction (46,287 people), and Traveler accommodation (39,105 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Hawaii has an unusually high number of U. S. Navy (12.1 times higher than expected), U. S. Army (11.8 times), and U. S. Marines (11.3 times) industries.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $5.01B

  2. $4.24B

  3. $2.33B

In 2015, the top outbound false product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $5.01B, followed by Gasoline with $4.24B and Mixed freight and $2.33B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound false products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$24.9B

2015 Value

$32.8B

Projected 2045 Value

31.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound false trade was $24.9B. This is expected to increase 31.8% to $32.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound false trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $1.29B

  2. $68.4M

  3. $68.1M

In 2015, the top outbound false domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $1.29B, followed by Texas with $68.4M and Washington and $68.1M.

The following map shows the amount of trade that false shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.2% of the population of Hawaii has health coverage, with 49.8% on employee plans, 14.4% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 4.8% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Hawaii was $7,299 in 2014. This is a 4.95% increase from the previous year ($6,955).

Primary care physicians in Hawaii see 1146 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.951% decrease from the previous year (1157 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1175 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.2%). Additionally, Maui County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (22.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1146 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Hawaii see an average of 1146 patients per year. This represents a 0.951% decrease from the previous year (1157 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hawaii in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,299

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,222

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,087

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,592

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Hawaii (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.95%, from $6,955 to $7,299.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.85%

Uninsured

49.8%

Employer Coverage

14.4%

Medicaid

12.6%

Medicare

14.5%

Non-Group

4.8%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hawaii grew by 8.97% from 3.53% to 3.85%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hawaii changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.2% prevalence

  2. 9.1% prevalence

  3. 8.5% prevalence

Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii, at 11.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hawaii is home to a population of 1.43M people, from which 92.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 18% of Hawaii residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Hawaii is composed of 533k Asian Alone residents (37.3%), 311k White Alone residents (21.8%), 275k Two or More Races residents (19.2%), 150k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.5%), 133k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (9.3%), 22.6k Black or African American Alone residents (1.59%), 2.27k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.159%), and 1.66k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.116%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hawaii are Other Pacific Island Languages (125,339 speakers), Tagalog (56,933 speakers), and Japanese (44,856 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

50

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hawaii was 39.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Hawaii are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hawaii residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

18%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

17.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 18% of Hawaii residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hawaii was 17.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hawaii compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Philippines

    115,964 ± 8,014 people

  2. Japan

    22,761 ± 3,674 people

  3. China

    21,244 ± 3,552 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hawaii was Philippines, the natal country of 115,964 Hawaii residents, followed by Japan with 22,761 and China with 21,244.

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Citizenship

92.7%

2017 Citizenship

92.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.7% of Hawaii residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hawaii was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hawaii compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Asian Alone

    533k ± 8.97k

  2. White Alone

    311k ± 971

  3. Two or More Races

    275k ± 11.6k

In 2017, there were 1.72 times more Asian Alone residents (533k people) in Hawaii than any other race or ethnicity. There were 311k White Alone and 275k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hawaii as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Other Pacific Island Languages

    125,339 speakers (9.36%)

  2. Tagalog

    56,933 speakers (4.25%)

  3. Japanese

    44,856 speakers (3.35%)

26.1% of Hawaii citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Hawaii was Other Pacific Island Languages. 9.36% of the overall population of Hawaii are native Other Pacific Island Languages speakers. 4.25% speak Tagalog and 3.35% speak Other Pacific Island Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    32,334 ± 2,329

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    32,050 ± 2,828

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    12,009 ± 1,658

Hawaii has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hawaii awarded 15,698 degrees. The student population of Hawaii is skewed towards women, with 27,343 male students and 38,847 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hawaii are Asian (4,963 and 34.1%), followed by Two or More Races (3,566 and 24.5%), White (2,941 and 20.2%), and Hispanic or Latino (1,407 and 9.66%).

The largest universities in Hawaii by number of degrees awarded are University of Hawaii at Manoa (5,104 and 32.5%), Kapiolani Community College (1,383 and 8.81%), and Hawaii Pacific University (1,272 and 8.1%).

The most popular majors in Hawaii are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,340 and 14.9%), General Business Administration & Management (1,004 and 6.4%), and Registered Nursing (740 and 4.71%).

The median tuition costs in Hawaii are $17,162 for private four year colleges, and $7,200 and $20,160 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 498 degrees awarded

  2. 469 degrees awarded

  3. 653 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hawaii was Registered Nursing with 498 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hawaii according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,104 degrees awarded

  2. 1,383 degrees awarded

  3. 1,272 degrees awarded

$7,200

Median In-State Public

$17,162

Median Private

In 2016, the Hawaii institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Hawaii at Manoa with 5,104 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,575

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,123

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,575 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hawaii, which is 0.721 times less than the 9,123 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hawaii by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    4,963 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    3,566 degrees awarded

  3. White

    2,941 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hawaii were to Asian students. These 4,963 degrees mean that there were 1.39 times more Asian students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 3,566 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hawaii was $617,400 in 2017, which is 2.84 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $592,000 to $617,400, a 4.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Hawaii is 58.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hawaii have an average commute time of 25.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hawaii is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$77,765

Median Household Income

± $1,795

458k

Number of Households

± 9,841

In 2017, the median household income of the 458k households in Hawaii grew to $77,765 from the previous year's value of $74,511.

The following chart displays the households in Hawaii distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$617,400

2017 Median

± $9,241

$592,000

2016 Median

± $8,539

In 2017, the median property value in Hawaii grew to to $617,400 from the previous year's value of $592,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hawaii compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hawaii the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hawaii distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hawaii the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

58.5%

2017 Homeownership

57.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58.5% of the housing units in Hawaii were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hawaii compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hawaii distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hawaii have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

25.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hawaii have a longer commute time (25.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.65% of the workforce in Hawaii have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hawaii compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.6%

  2. Carpooled

    13.3%

  3. Public Transit

    6.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hawaii was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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