Harlingen, TX

Census Place

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2020 Population
65,028
0.155% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
31.3
0.949% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
26.1%
10.2% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$43,003
8.18% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$92,000
5.14% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Harlingen, TX had a population of 65k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $43,003. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Harlingen, TX declined from 65,129 to 65,028, a −0.155% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,752 to $43,003, a 8.18% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Harlingen, TX are White (Hispanic) (71.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (15.1%), Other (Hispanic) (5.4%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.1%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.913%).

None of the households in Harlingen, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

91.5% of the residents in Harlingen, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harlingen, TX are Southern Careers Institute-Harlingen (372 degrees awarded in 2020) and UCAS University of Cosmetology Arts & Sciences-Harlingen (407683) (77 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Harlingen, TX was $92,000, and the homeownership rate was 56.7%.

Most people in Harlingen, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Harlingen, TX was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Harlingen, TX is home to a population of 65k people, from which 91.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 14.5% of Harlingen, TX residents were born outside of the country (9.42k people).

In 2020, there were 4.72 times more White (Hispanic) residents (46.3k people) in Harlingen, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.81k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.51k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

91.5%
2020 Citizenship
90.8%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 91.5% of Harlingen, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Harlingen, TX was 90.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harlingen, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Harlingen, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    46.3k ± 1.71k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    9.81k ± 1.03k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    3.51k ± 998
82.3%
Hispanic Population
53.5k people

In 2020, there were 4.72 times more White (Hispanic) residents (46.3k people) in Harlingen, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.81k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.51k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

82.3% of the people in Harlingen, TX are hispanic (53.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Harlingen, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

14.5%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
9.42k people
14.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
9.57k people

As of 2020, 14.5% of Harlingen, TX residents (9.42k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harlingen, TX was 14.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harlingen, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,157 ± 298
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    410 ± 181
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    372 ± 127

Harlingen, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Harlingen, TX employs 26.3k people. The largest industries in Harlingen, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,392 people), Retail Trade (3,554 people), and Educational Services (2,854 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,250), Public Administration ($51,672), and Educational Services ($46,867).

Occupations

26.3k
2020 Value
± 1,401
3.49%
1 Year growth
± 7.01%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Harlingen, TX grew at a rate of 3.49%, from 25.4k employees to 26.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harlingen, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,401 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,305 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (2,425 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harlingen, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

26.3k
2020 Value
± 1,401
3.49%
1 Year growth
± 7.01%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Harlingen, TX grew at a rate of 3.49%, from 25.4k employees to 26.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harlingen, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,392 people), Retail Trade (3,554 people), and Educational Services (2,854 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harlingen, TX, though some of these residents may live in Harlingen, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$31,230
Median earning men ± $1,521
$22,398
Median earning women ± $1,529

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($61,875), Information ($44,208), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,724).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,444), Public Administration ($44,022), and Wholesale Trade ($34,219).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $292B
  2. $210B
  3. $178B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $292B, followed by Gasoline ($210B) and Fuel oils ($178B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.36T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.5T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
90.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.36T. This is expected to increase 90.9% to $4.5T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $78.1B
  2. $76.4B
  3. $74.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $78.1B, followed by California with $76.4B and Michigan and $74.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Harlingen, TX awarded 449 degrees. The student population of Harlingen, TX in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 291 male students and 368 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harlingen, TX are Hispanic or Latino (323 and 72.3%), followed by White (119 and 26.6%), Black or African American (3 and 0.671%), and Asian (1 and 0.224%).

The largest universities in Harlingen, TX by number of degrees awarded are Southern Careers Institute-Harlingen (372 and 82.9%) and UCAS University of Cosmetology Arts & Sciences-Harlingen (407683) (77 and 17.1%).

The most popular majors in Harlingen, TX are Medical Assistant (123 and 27.4%), Welding Technology (117 and 26.1%), and General Cosmetology (55 and 12.2%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2020, 1.35% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.35% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (5.56M), Some college (5.02M), and Bachelors Degree (3.9M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Harlingen, TX was $92,000 in 2020, which is 0.4 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $87,500 to $92,000, a 5.14% increase. The homeownership rate in Harlingen, TX is 56.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Harlingen, TX have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Harlingen, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Harlingen, TX is $43,003. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Harlingen, TX was Census Tract 106.02 with a value of $79,737, followed by Census Tract 118.01 and Census Tract 113.01, with respective values of $47,422 and $46,250.

Property

$92,000
Median Property Value 2020
±$4,539
$12,339
Median Property Taxes
±$896

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harlingen, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Harlingen, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

56.7%
Homeownership
2020
65.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 56.7% of the housing units in Harlingen, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Harlingen, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 106.02
  2. Census Tract 118.01
  3. Census Tract 113.01

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harlingen, TX was Census Tract 106.02 with a value of $79,737, followed by Census Tract 118.01 and Census Tract 113.01, with respective values of $47,422 and $46,250.

The following map shows all of the places in Harlingen, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,003
Median Household Income
± $3,564
21.8k
Number of Households
± 1,214

In 2020, the median household income of the 21.8k households in Harlingen, TX grew to $43,003 from the previous year's value of $39,752.

The following chart displays the households in Harlingen, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harlingen, TX is from Texas.
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Texas
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2020, the income inequality in Texas was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.474% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (84.7%)
  2. Carpooled (7.74%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.83%)

In 2018, 84.7% of workers in Harlingen, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.74%) and those who worked at home (3.83%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harlingen, TX have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 0.932% of the workforce in Harlingen, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harlingen, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harlingen, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harlingen, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

26.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harlingen, TX (16.8k out of 64.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females < 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harlingen, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

78.4% of the population of Harlingen, TX has health coverage, with 31.3% on employee plans, 26.3% on Medicaid, 8.55% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 1.89% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Cameron County, TX see 2038 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.44% decrease from the previous year (2047 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3089 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1640 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Cameron County, TX.
2,038 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cameron County, TX

Primary care physicians in Cameron County, TX see an average of 2,038 patients per year. This represents a 0.44% decrease from the previous year (2,047 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cameron County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 32.8% under 18 years, 22.7% between 18 and 34 years, 29.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.2% were men and 51.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

21.6%
Uninsured
31.3%
Employer Coverage
26.3%
Medicaid
8.55%
Medicare
10.3%
Non-Group
1.89%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harlingen, TX grew by 6.74% from 20.2% to 21.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harlingen, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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