Gresham, OR

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Population

110,336

0.267% growth

Median Age

35.7


Median Household Income

$50,675

1.62% growth

Poverty Rate

20%


Number of Employees

51,339

1.1% growth

Median Property Value

$242,800

8.39% growth

About

In 2017, Gresham, OR had a population of 110k people with a median age of 35.7 and a median household income of $50,675. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gresham, OR grew from 110,042 to 110,336, a 0.267% increase and its median household income grew from $49,866 to $50,675, a 1.62% increase.

The population of Gresham, OR is 65.3% White Alone, 19.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.26% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Gresham, OR speak a non-English language, and 89.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gresham, OR are Mt Hood Community College (1,368 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Gresham, OR is $242,800, and the homeownership rate is 53.2%. Most people in Gresham, OR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28 minutes. The average car ownership in Gresham, OR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Broadway Bridge in the Pearl District, Portland, OR

Economy

The economy of Gresham, OR employs 51.3k people. The largest industries in Gresham, OR are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,713 people), Retail Trade (6,350 people), and Manufacturing (5,384 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($88,095), Public Administration ($58,631), and Finance & Insurance ($45,680).

Median household income in Gresham, OR is $50,675. Males in Gresham, OR have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,053. The income inequality in Gresham, OR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,675

2017 value

± $1,437

1.62%

1 Year Growth

± 4.2%

Households in Gresham, OR have a median annual income of $50,675, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,866 in 2016, which represents a 1.62% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gresham, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

$61,970

Average Male Salary

± $1,681

$48,053

Average Female Salary

± $1,355

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,926 ± $5,268

  2. White

    $47,707 ± $1,033

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,267 ± $28,756

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gresham, OR is from Oregon.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.411% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 104.02

  2. Census Tract 99.06

  3. Census Tract 104.09

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gresham, OR was Census Tract 104.02 with a value of $79,094, followed by Census Tract 99.06 and Census Tract 104.09, with respective values of $76,250 and $72,817.

The following map shows all of the places in Gresham, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gresham, OR (21.8k out of 109k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,496 ± 1,107

  2. Hispanic

    7,905 ± 787

  3. Black

    2,016 ± 453

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gresham, OR is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

51.3k

2017 Value

± 1,750

1.1%

1 Year growth

± 4.67%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gresham, OR grew at a rate of 1.1%, from 50.8k employees to 51.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gresham, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,165 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,610 people), and Management Occupations (3,975 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gresham, OR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gresham, OR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,165 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,610 people), and Management Occupations (3,975 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Gresham, OR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.3 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.56 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gresham, OR, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($79,183), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,400), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($65,248).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

51.3k

2017 Value

± 1,750

1.1%

1 Year growth

± 4.67%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gresham, OR grew at a rate of 1.1%, from 50.8k employees to 51.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gresham, OR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,713 people), Retail Trade (6,350 people), and Manufacturing (5,384 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gresham, OR, though some of these residents may live in Gresham, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gresham, OR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,713 people), Retail Trade (6,350 people), and Manufacturing (5,384 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Gresham, OR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.94 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.41 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gresham, OR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($88,095), Public Administration ($58,631), and Finance & Insurance ($45,680).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics ($13.1B) and Motorized vehicles ($12.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oregon state.

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Gresham, OR has health coverage, with 42.4% on employee plans, 25.6% on Medicaid, 8.87% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 0.965% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Gresham, OR was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Gresham, OR see 1070 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1068 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1272 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 226 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

1,070 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oregon see an average of 1,070 patients per year. This represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1,068 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oregon in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

42.4%

Employer Coverage

25.6%

Medicaid

8.87%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

0.965%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gresham, OR declined by 13.7% from 12.5% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gresham, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gresham, OR is home to a population of 110k people, from which 89.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Gresham, OR residents were born outside of the country (18.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gresham, OR is composed of 72.1k White Alone residents (65.3%), 21.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (19.6%), 5.8k Black or African American Alone residents (5.26%), 4.79k Two or More Races residents (4.34%), 4.41k Asian Alone residents (4%), 776 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.703%), 749 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.679%), and 121 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.11%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gresham, OR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gresham, OR was 35.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Gresham, OR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gresham, OR residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    18.6k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Gresham, OR residents (18.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gresham, OR was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gresham, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oregon.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    146,430 ± 9,222 people

  2. Vietnam

    21,288 ± 3,573 people

  3. China

    20,489 ± 3,505 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 146,430 Oregon residents, followed by Vietnam with 21,288 and China with 20,489.

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Citizenship

89.3%

2017 Citizenship

89.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 89.3% of Gresham, OR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gresham, OR was 89.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gresham, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    72.1k ± 1.7k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    21.6k ± 1.98k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    5.8k ± 1.05k

In 2017, there were 3.34 times more White Alone residents (72.1k people) in Gresham, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.6k Hispanic or Latino and 5.8k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gresham, OR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gresham, OR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gresham, OR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gresham, OR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,279 ± 261

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,033 ± 212

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    757 ± 200

Gresham, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gresham, OR awarded 1,368 degrees. The student population of Gresham, OR is skewed towards men, with 5,034 male students and 4,136 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gresham, OR are White (946 and 69.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (169 and 12.4%), Asian (100 and 7.31%), and Two or More Races (69 and 5.04%).

The largest universities in Gresham, OR by number of degrees awarded are Mt Hood Community College (1,368 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Gresham, OR are General Studies (342 and 25%), Registered Nursing (73 and 5.34%), and General Business Administration & Management (72 and 5.26%).

The median tuition costs in Gresham, OR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 342 degrees awarded

  2. 73 degrees awarded

  3. 72 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Gresham, OR was General Studies with 342 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Gresham, OR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,368 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Gresham, OR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Mt Hood Community College with 1,368 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

546

Degrees Awarded to Men

822

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 546 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gresham, OR, which is 0.664 times less than the 822 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gresham, OR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    946 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    169 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    100 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gresham, OR were to White students. These 946 degrees mean that there were 5.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 169 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gresham, OR was $242,800 in 2017, which is 1.12 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $224,000 to $242,800, a 8.39% increase. The homeownership rate in Gresham, OR is 53.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gresham, OR have an average commute time of 28 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gresham, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,675

Median Household Income

± $1,437

39.3k

Number of Households

± 1,415

In 2017, the median household income of the 39.3k households in Gresham, OR grew to $50,675 from the previous year's value of $49,866.

The following chart displays the households in Gresham, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$242,800

2017 Median

± $5,154

$224,000

2016 Median

± $4,231

In 2017, the median property value in Gresham, OR grew to to $242,800 from the previous year's value of $224,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gresham, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gresham, OR the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gresham, OR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gresham, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

53.2%

2017 Homeownership

52.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53.2% of the housing units in Gresham, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 52.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gresham, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gresham, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gresham, OR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

28 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gresham, OR have a longer commute time (28 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.9% of the workforce in Gresham, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gresham, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.6%

  2. Carpooled

    12.6%

  3. Public Transit

    8.01%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gresham, OR was Drove Alone (70.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.6%) and those who Public Transit (8.01%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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