Great Falls, MT

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Population

59,144

0.563% decline

Median Age

39.2


Median Household Income

$44,725

2.82% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Number of Employees

27,424

0.447% decline

Median Property Value

$165,900

1.34% growth

About

In 2017, Great Falls, MT had a population of 59.1k people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $44,725. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Great Falls, MT declined from 59,479 to 59,144, a -0.563% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,497 to $44,725, a 2.82% increase.

The population of Great Falls, MT is 85% White Alone, 4.94% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 4.22% Hispanic or Latino. 2.96% of the people in Great Falls, MT speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Great Falls, MT are Great Falls College Montana State University (471 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Great Falls (304 degrees), and Montana Academy of Salons (61 degrees).

The median property value in Great Falls, MT is $165,900, and the homeownership rate is 63.8%. Most people in Great Falls, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Great Falls, MT is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Great Falls, MT employs 27.4k people. The largest industries in Great Falls, MT are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,019 people), Retail Trade (3,618 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,677 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($95,323), Utilities ($63,631), and Public Administration ($50,438).

Median household income in Great Falls, MT is $44,725. Males in Great Falls, MT have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,968. The income inequality in Great Falls, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,725

2017 value

± $1,848

2.82%

1 Year Growth

± 6.29%

Households in Great Falls, MT have a median annual income of $44,725, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,497 in 2016, which represents a 2.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Great Falls, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Montana.

$56,921

Average Male Salary

± $3,007

$39,968

Average Female Salary

± $2,184

In 2017, full-time male employees in Great Falls, MT made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Great Falls, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,515 ± $1,780

  2. Other

    $39,395 ± $16,377

  3. Asian

    $33,231 ± $11,940

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Great Falls, MT workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Great Falls, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Great Falls, MT is from Montana.

0.465

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Montana was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.554% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 23

  2. Census Tract 19

  3. Census Tract 18

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Great Falls, MT was Census Tract 23 with a value of $87,743, followed by Census Tract 19 and Census Tract 18, with respective values of $63,772 and $57,153.

The following map shows all of the places in Great Falls, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Great Falls, MT (8.32k out of 57.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,267 ± 511

  2. Native American

    1,345 ± 240

  3. Hispanic

    741 ± 181

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Great Falls, MT is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

27.4k

2017 Value

± 1,041

-0.447%

1 Year decline

± 5.38%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Great Falls, MT declined at a rate of -0.447%, from 27.5k employees to 27.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Great Falls, MT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,705 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,978 people), and Management Occupations (2,444 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Great Falls, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Great Falls, MT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,705 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,978 people), and Management Occupations (2,444 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Great Falls, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.47 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.37 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Great Falls, MT, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,798), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,906), and Legal Occupations ($57,361).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

27.4k

2017 Value

± 1,041

-0.447%

1 Year decline

± 5.38%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Great Falls, MT declined at a rate of -0.447%, from 27.5k employees to 27.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Great Falls, MT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,019 people), Retail Trade (3,618 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,677 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Great Falls, MT, though some of these residents may live in Great Falls, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Great Falls, MT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,019 people), Retail Trade (3,618 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,677 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Great Falls, MT has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.37 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.32 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Great Falls, MT, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($95,323), Utilities ($63,631), and Public Administration ($50,438).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $6.47B

  2. $6.17B

  3. $5.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $6.47B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $6.17B and Fuel oils and $5.98B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$44.7B

2015 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Montana trade was $44.7B. This is expected to increase 20.7% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $4.59B

  2. $2.98B

  3. $2.88B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $4.59B, followed by Wyoming with $2.98B and Idaho and $2.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.3% of the population of Great Falls, MT has health coverage, with 38.3% on employee plans, 16.5% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 15.3% on non-group plans, and 6.8% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Great Falls, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Great Falls, MT see 1308 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 378 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

1,308 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Montana see an average of 1,308 patients per year. This represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

38.3%

Employer Coverage

16.5%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

15.3%

Non-Group

6.8%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Great Falls, MT declined by 9.38% from 11.8% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Great Falls, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Great Falls, MT is home to a population of 59.1k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.19% of Great Falls, MT residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Great Falls, MT is composed of 50.3k White Alone residents (85%), 2.92k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (4.94%), 2.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.22%), 2.27k Two or More Races residents (3.84%), 610 Asian Alone residents (1.03%), 502 Black or African American Alone residents (0.849%), 58 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0981%), and 16 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0271%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Great Falls, MT are Spanish or Spanish Creole (542 speakers), German (268 speakers), and Chinese (206 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

56

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Great Falls, MT was 39.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 56. But people in Great Falls, MT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Great Falls, MT residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.19% of Great Falls, MT residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Great Falls, MT was 1.94%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Great Falls, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    4,272 ± 1,601 people

  2. Mexico

    2,817 ± 1,301 people

  3. Philippines

    2,040 ± 1,108 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Great Falls, MT was Canada, the natal country of 4,272 Great Falls, MT residents, followed by Mexico with 2,817 and Philippines with 2,040.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Great Falls, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Great Falls, MT was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Great Falls, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    50.3k ± 371

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    2.92k ± 291

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.5k ± 414

In 2017, there were 17.2 times more White Alone residents (50.3k people) in Great Falls, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.92k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 2.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Great Falls, MT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    542 speakers (0.977%)

  2. German

    268 speakers (0.483%)

  3. Chinese

    206 speakers (0.371%)

2.96% of Great Falls, MT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Great Falls, MT was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.977% of the overall population of Great Falls, MT are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.483% speak German and 0.371% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,940 ± 300

  2. Vietnam

    1,657 ± 226

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    832 ± 178

Great Falls, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Great Falls, MT awarded 836 degrees. The student population of Great Falls, MT is skewed towards women, with 782 male students and 1,918 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Great Falls, MT are White (694 and 83.7%), followed by Unknown (51 and 6.15%), American Indian or Alaska Native (36 and 4.34%), and Hispanic or Latino (24 and 2.9%).

The largest universities in Great Falls, MT by number of degrees awarded are Great Falls College Montana State University (471 and 56.3%), University of Great Falls (304 and 36.4%), and Montana Academy of Salons (61 and 7.3%).

The most popular majors in Great Falls, MT are Welding Technology (134 and 16%), Registered Nursing (116 and 13.9%), and Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (106 and 12.7%).

The median tuition costs in Great Falls, MT are $21,334 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Great Falls, MT was General Business Administration & Management with 24 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Great Falls, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 471 degrees awarded

  2. 304 degrees awarded

  3. 61 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$21,334

Median Private

In 2016, the Great Falls, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Great Falls College Montana State University with 471 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

282

Degrees Awarded to Men

554

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 282 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Great Falls, MT, which is 0.509 times less than the 554 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Great Falls, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    694 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    51 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    36 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Great Falls, MT were to White students. These 694 degrees mean that there were 13.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 51 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Great Falls, MT was $165,900 in 2017, which is 0.762 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $163,700 to $165,900, a 1.34% increase. The homeownership rate in Great Falls, MT is 63.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Great Falls, MT have an average commute time of 13.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Great Falls, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,725

Median Household Income

± $1,848

25.7k

Number of Households

± 1,019

In 2017, the median household income of the 25.7k households in Great Falls, MT grew to $44,725 from the previous year's value of $43,497.

The following chart displays the households in Great Falls, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$165,900

2017 Median

± $2,743

$163,700

2016 Median

± $2,594

In 2017, the median property value in Great Falls, MT grew to to $165,900 from the previous year's value of $163,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Great Falls, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Great Falls, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Great Falls, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Great Falls, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.8%

2017 Homeownership

62%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.8% of the housing units in Great Falls, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Great Falls, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Great Falls, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Great Falls, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

13.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Great Falls, MT have a shorter commute time (13.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.505% of the workforce in Great Falls, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Great Falls, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Walked

    3.37%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Great Falls, MT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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