Great Falls City PUMA, MT

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Population

147,992

0.4% decline

Median Age

39.3


Median Household Income

$45,731

3.9% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Number of Employees

62,857

0.147% growth

Median Property Value

$155,700

2.5% growth

About

In 2017, Great Falls City PUMA, MT had a population of 148k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $45,731. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Great Falls City PUMA, MT declined from 148,587 to 147,992, a -0.4% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,014 to $45,731, a 3.9% increase.

The population of Great Falls City PUMA, MT is 83.4% White Alone, 8.77% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.49% Hispanic or Latino. 4.23% of the people in Great Falls City PUMA, MT speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are Great Falls College Montana State University (471 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Great Falls (304 degrees), and Montana State University-Northern (235 degrees).

The median property value in Great Falls City PUMA, MT is $155,700, and the homeownership rate is 65.5%. Most people in Great Falls City PUMA, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Great Falls City PUMA, MT is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Great Falls City PUMA, MT employs 62.9k people. The largest industries in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are Elementary & secondary schools (4,815 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,761 people), and Construction (3,530 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($145,505), Offices of physicians ($103,684), and Air transportation ($87,909).

Median household income in Great Falls City PUMA, MT is $45,731. Males in Great Falls City PUMA, MT have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,933. The income inequality in Great Falls City PUMA, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.451, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,731

2017 value

± $922

3.9%

1 Year Growth

± 3.25%

Households in Great Falls City PUMA, MT have a median annual income of $45,731, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,014 in 2016, which represents a 3.9% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Great Falls City PUMA, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$51,143

Average Male Salary

± $7,008

$38,933

Average Female Salary

± $6,684

In 2017, full-time male employees in Great Falls City PUMA, MT made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Great Falls City PUMA, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $40,024 ± $4,599

  2. Asian

    $36,649 ± $44,115

  3. Black

    $32,871 ± $22,319

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Great Falls City PUMA, MT workers was White. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Great Falls City PUMA, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.451

2017 Wage GINI

0.439

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was 0.451 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.83% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Great Falls City PUMA, MT was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Great Falls City PUMA, MT in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Great Falls City PUMA, MT across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was Bozeman City PUMA, MT with a value of $60,173, followed by Billings City PUMA, MT and Kalispell City PUMA, MT, with respective values of $56,933 and $55,811.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Great Falls City PUMA, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Great Falls City PUMA, MT (22.5k out of 144k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,937 ± 728

  2. Hispanic

    1,392 ± 219

  3. Asian

    211 ± 117

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Great Falls City PUMA, MT is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

62.9k

2017 Value

0.147%

1 Year growth

± 0.147%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Great Falls City PUMA, MT grew at a rate of 0.147%, from 62.8k employees to 62.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Great Falls City PUMA, MT, are Farmers, ranchers, & other agricultural managers (2,043 people), Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (1,891 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,717 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Great Falls City PUMA, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Great Falls City PUMA, MT, by number of employees, are Farmers, ranchers, & other agricultural managers (2,043 people), Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (1,891 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,717 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Great Falls City PUMA, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Farmers, ranchers, & other agricultural managers (17.6 times higher than expected), Railroad conductors & yardmasters (9.53 times), and Military enlisted tactical operations & air/weapons specialists & crew members (5.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Great Falls City PUMA, MT, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($212,921), Aircraft pilots & flight engineers ($195,520), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($135,340).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

62.9k

2017 Value

0.147%

1 Year growth

± 0.147%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Great Falls City PUMA, MT grew at a rate of 0.147%, from 62.8k employees to 62.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Great Falls City PUMA, MT, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,815 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,761 people), and Construction (3,530 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Great Falls City PUMA, MT, though some of these residents may live in Great Falls City PUMA, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Great Falls City PUMA, MT, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,815 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,761 people), and Construction (3,530 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Great Falls City PUMA, MT has an unusually high number of U. S. Air Force (25.7 times higher than expected), Animal production & aquaculture (14.2 times), and Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers (10.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Great Falls City PUMA, MT, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($145,505), Offices of physicians ($103,684), and Air transportation ($87,909).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $6.47B

  2. $6.17B

  3. $5.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $6.47B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($6.17B) and Fuel oils ($5.98B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$44.7B

2015 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Montana trade was $44.7B. This is expected to increase 20.7% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $4.59B

  2. $2.98B

  3. $2.88B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $4.59B, followed by Wyoming with $2.98B and Idaho and $2.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Great Falls City PUMA, MT has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Great Falls City PUMA, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Great Falls City PUMA, MT see 1308 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 378 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

1,308 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Montana see an average of 1,308 patients per year. This represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Great Falls City PUMA, MT N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Great Falls City PUMA, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Great Falls City PUMA, MT is home to a population of 148k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Great Falls City PUMA, MT residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Great Falls City PUMA, MT is composed of 123k White Alone residents (83.4%), 13k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (8.77%), 5.17k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.49%), 4.11k Two or More Races residents (2.78%), 1.17k Black or African American Alone residents (0.789%), 944 Asian Alone residents (0.638%), 167 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.113%), and 16 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0108%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are German (2,439 speakers), Spanish (1,408 speakers), and Other Native Languages of North America (611 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

55

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 55. But people in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Great Falls City PUMA, MT residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

1.84%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.74k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Great Falls City PUMA, MT residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was 1.84%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Great Falls City PUMA, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    582 ± 591 people

  2. Germany

    360 ± 465 people

  3. Philippines

    327 ± 443 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Great Falls City PUMA, MT was Canada, the natal country of 582 Great Falls City PUMA, MT residents, followed by Germany with 360 and Philippines with 327.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Great Falls City PUMA, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Great Falls City PUMA, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    123k ± 129

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    13k ± 356

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.17k ± 529

In 2017, there were 9.51 times more White Alone residents (123k people) in Great Falls City PUMA, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 5.17k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Great Falls City PUMA, MT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. German

    2,439 speakers (1.77%)

  2. Spanish

    1,408 speakers (1.02%)

  3. Other Native Languages of North America

    611 speakers (0.443%)

4.23% of Great Falls City PUMA, MT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was German. 1.77% of the overall population of Great Falls City PUMA, MT are native German speakers. 1.02% speak Spanish and 0.443% speak German, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,406 ± 315

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,477 ± 400

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,769 ± 228

Great Falls City PUMA, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Great Falls City PUMA, MT awarded 1,117 degrees. The student population of Great Falls City PUMA, MT is skewed towards women, with 1,703 male students and 2,897 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are White (891 and 80.6%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (97 and 8.78%), Unknown (59 and 5.34%), and Hispanic or Latino (27 and 2.44%).

The largest universities in Great Falls City PUMA, MT by number of degrees awarded are Great Falls College Montana State University (471 and 42.2%), University of Great Falls (304 and 27.2%), and Montana State University-Northern (235 and 21%).

The most popular majors in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are Registered Nursing (170 and 15.2%), Welding Technology (141 and 12.6%), and Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (106 and 9.49%).

The median tuition costs in Great Falls City PUMA, MT are $21,334 for private four year colleges, and $3,953 and $16,153 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was Elementary Education & Teaching with 27 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Great Falls City PUMA, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 471 degrees awarded

  2. 304 degrees awarded

  3. 235 degrees awarded

$3,953

Median In-State Public

$21,334

Median Private

In 2016, the Great Falls City PUMA, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Great Falls College Montana State University with 471 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

420

Degrees Awarded to Men

697

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 420 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Great Falls City PUMA, MT, which is 0.603 times less than the 697 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Great Falls City PUMA, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    891 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    97 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    59 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Great Falls City PUMA, MT were to White students. These 891 degrees mean that there were 9.19 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 97 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was $155,700 in 2017, which is 0.716 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $151,900 to $155,700, a 2.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Great Falls City PUMA, MT is 65.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Great Falls City PUMA, MT have an average commute time of 13.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Great Falls City PUMA, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,731

Median Household Income

± $922

60.2k

Number of Households

± 1,346

In 2017, the median household income of the 60.2k households in Great Falls City PUMA, MT grew to $45,731 from the previous year's value of $44,014.

The following chart displays the households in Great Falls City PUMA, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$155,700

2017 Median

± $2,126

$151,900

2016 Median

± $2,319

In 2017, the median property value in Great Falls City PUMA, MT grew to to $155,700 from the previous year's value of $151,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Great Falls City PUMA, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Great Falls City PUMA, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Great Falls City PUMA, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Great Falls City PUMA, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.5%

2017 Homeownership

65.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.5% of the housing units in Great Falls City PUMA, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Great Falls City PUMA, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Great Falls City PUMA, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Great Falls City PUMA, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

13.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Great Falls City PUMA, MT have a shorter commute time (13.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.752% of the workforce in Great Falls City PUMA, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Great Falls City PUMA, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.7%

  3. Walked

    6.88%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Great Falls City PUMA, MT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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