Giles County, TN

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Population

29,024

0.0344% decline

Median Age

43.1


Median Household Income

$43,925

8.1% growth

Poverty Rate

15.9%


Number of Employees

12,368

2.89% growth

Median Property Value

$120,400

5.71% growth

About

In 2017, Giles County, TN had a population of 29k people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $43,925. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Giles County, TN declined from 29,034 to 29,024, a -0.0344% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,635 to $43,925, a 8.1% increase.

The population of Giles County, TN is 84.8% White Alone, 9.77% Black or African American Alone, and 2.42% Two or More Races. 3.4% of the people in Giles County, TN speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Giles County, TN are Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Pulaski (214 degrees awarded in 2016) and Martin Methodist College (184 degrees).

The median property value in Giles County, TN is $120,400, and the homeownership rate is 69.7%. Most people in Giles County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25 minutes. The average car ownership in Giles County, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City at night

Economy

The economy of Giles County, TN employs 12.4k people. The largest industries in Giles County, TN are Manufacturing (3,381 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,515 people), and Retail Trade (1,144 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($66,667), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,750), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,128).

Median household income in Giles County, TN is $43,925. Males in Giles County, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Giles County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,925

2017 value

± $3,053

8.1%

1 Year Growth

± 8.11%

Households in Giles County, TN have a median annual income of $43,925, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,635 in 2016, which represents a 8.1% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Giles County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Giles County, TN made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Giles County, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Giles County, TN workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Giles County, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Giles County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9203

  2. Census Tract 9201

  3. Census Tract 9207

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Giles County, TN was Census Tract 9203 with a value of $49,307, followed by Census Tract 9201 and Census Tract 9207, with respective values of $44,412 and $44,208.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Giles County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Giles County, TN (4.5k out of 28.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,691 ± 360

  2. Black

    479 ± 150

  3. Two Or More

    273 ± 142

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Giles County, TN is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.4k

2017 Value

± 714

2.89%

1 Year growth

± 7.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Giles County, TN grew at a rate of 2.89%, from 12k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Giles County, TN, are Production Occupations (2,398 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,479 people), and Management Occupations (1,091 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Giles County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Giles County, TN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,398 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,479 people), and Management Occupations (1,091 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Giles County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.34 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.59 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Giles County, TN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,813), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($64,519), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($53,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.4k

2017 Value

± 714

2.89%

1 Year growth

± 7.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Giles County, TN grew at a rate of 2.89%, from 12k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Giles County, TN, are Manufacturing (3,381 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,515 people), and Retail Trade (1,144 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Giles County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Giles County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Giles County, TN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,381 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,515 people), and Retail Trade (1,144 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Giles County, TN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.7 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.64 times), and Construction (1.15 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Giles County, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($66,667), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,750), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,128).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $31.1B and Mixed freight and $26.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Giles County, TN has health coverage, with 43% on employee plans, 15.3% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 1.58% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Giles County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Giles County, TN see 1930 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.36% decrease from the previous year (2061 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3256 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2093 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1930 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Giles County, TN see an average of 1930 patients per year. This represents a 6.36% decrease from the previous year (2061 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Giles County, TN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

43%

Employer Coverage

15.3%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

14.8%

Non-Group

1.58%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Giles County, TN declined by 10.6% from 11.7% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Giles County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Giles County, TN is home to a population of 29k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.92% of Giles County, TN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Giles County, TN is composed of 24.6k White Alone residents (84.8%), 2.84k Black or African American Alone residents (9.77%), 701 Two or More Races residents (2.42%), 577 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.99%), 169 Asian Alone residents (0.582%), 109 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.376%), 14 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0482%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Giles County, TN are Spanish or Spanish Creole (387 speakers), German (158 speakers), and Gujarati (122 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 12.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Giles County, TN was 43.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Giles County, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Giles County, TN residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.92%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.49%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.92% of Giles County, TN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Giles County, TN was 2.49%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Giles County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Giles County, TN was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Giles County, TN residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Giles County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Giles County, TN was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Giles County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    24.6k ± 57

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.84k ± 184

  3. Two or More Races

    701 ± 189

In 2017, there were 8.68 times more White Alone residents (24.6k people) in Giles County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.84k Black or African American Alone and 701 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Giles County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    387 speakers (1.42%)

  2. German

    158 speakers (0.579%)

  3. Gujarati

    122 speakers (0.447%)

3.4% of Giles County, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Giles County, TN was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.42% of the overall population of Giles County, TN are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.579% speak German and 0.447% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    942 ± 153

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    288 ± 125

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    202 ± 104

Giles County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Giles County, TN awarded 398 degrees. The student population of Giles County, TN is skewed towards men, with 873 male students and 836 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Giles County, TN are White (331 and 85.1%), followed by Black or African American (30 and 7.71%), Two or More Races (13 and 3.34%), and Unknown (9 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Giles County, TN by number of degrees awarded are Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Pulaski (214 and 53.8%) and Martin Methodist College (184 and 46.2%).

The most popular majors in Giles County, TN are Welding Technology (46 and 11.6%), General Business Administration & Management (42 and 10.6%), and Other Practical Nursing, Vocational Nursing, & Nursing Assistants (41 and 10.3%).

The median tuition costs in Giles County, TN are $22,288 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Giles County, TN was Building Construction Technology with 18 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Giles County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 214 degrees awarded

  2. 184 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$22,288

Median Private

In 2016, the Giles County, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Pulaski with 214 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

210

Degrees Awarded to Men

188

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 210 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Giles County, TN, which is 1.12 times more than the 188 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Giles County, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    331 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    30 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    13 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Giles County, TN were to White students. These 331 degrees mean that there were 11 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 30 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Giles County, TN was $120,400 in 2017, which is 0.553 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,900 to $120,400, a 5.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Giles County, TN is 69.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Giles County, TN have an average commute time of 25 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Giles County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,925

Median Household Income

± $3,053

11.6k

Number of Households

± 666

In 2017, the median household income of the 11.6k households in Giles County, TN grew to $43,925 from the previous year's value of $40,635.

The following chart displays the households in Giles County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,400

2017 Median

± $6,283

$113,900

2016 Median

± $5,521

In 2017, the median property value in Giles County, TN grew to to $120,400 from the previous year's value of $113,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Giles County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Giles County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Giles County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Giles County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.7%

2017 Homeownership

69.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.7% of the housing units in Giles County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Giles County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Giles County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Giles County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Giles County, TN have a shorter commute time (25 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.59% of the workforce in Giles County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Giles County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Giles County, TN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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