Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI

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Population

181,159

0.445% decline

Median Age

42.9


Median Household Income

$56,311

5.41% growth

Poverty Rate

10.8%


Number of Employees

76,139

1.31% growth

Median Property Value

$123,500

5.56% growth

About

In 2017, Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI had a population of 181k people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $56,311. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI declined from 181,968 to 181,159, a -0.445% decrease and its median household income grew from $53,423 to $56,311, a 5.41% increase.

The population of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is 92.6% White Alone, 2.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.82% Two or More Races. 2.7% of the people in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is $123,500, and the homeownership rate is 79.3%. Most people in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI employs 76.1k people. The largest industries in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (6,842 people), Construction (5,436 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (5,157 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($131,619), Glass & glass product manufacturing ($124,793), and Public finance activities ($83,969).

Median household income in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is $56,311. Males in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,445. The income inequality in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.432, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,311

2017 value

± $966

5.41%

1 Year Growth

± 2.29%

Households in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $56,311, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,423 in 2016, which represents a 5.41% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,471

Average Male Salary

± $7,058

$45,445

Average Female Salary

± $4,965

In 2017, full-time male employees in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,249 ± $97,745

  2. Other

    $45,319 ± $116,670

  3. White

    $44,686 ± $3,890

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.37 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.432

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was 0.432 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0949% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $112,116, followed by Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI and Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI, with respective values of $95,855 and $94,911.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI (19.3k out of 179k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,923 ± 909

  2. Hispanic

    641 ± 147

  3. Black

    501 ± 162

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

76.1k

2017 Value

1.31%

1 Year growth

± 1.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 75.2k employees to 76.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,511 people), Registered nurses (2,381 people), and Retail salespersons (2,181 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,511 people), Registered nurses (2,381 people), and Retail salespersons (2,181 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Tool & die makers (5.78 times higher than expected), Mechanical engineers (5.2 times), and Computer control programmers & operators (5.03 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($232,703), Chief executives & legislators ($124,221), and Civil engineers ($124,203).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

76.1k

2017 Value

1.31%

1 Year growth

± 1.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 75.2k employees to 76.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (6,842 people), Construction (5,436 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (5,157 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (6,842 people), Construction (5,436 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (5,157 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (9.81 times higher than expected), Other transportation equipment manufacturing (4.04 times), and Metalworking machinery manufacturing (3.99 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($131,619), Glass & glass product manufacturing ($124,793), and Public finance activities ($83,969).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is home to a population of 181k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is composed of 168k White Alone residents (92.6%), 5.26k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.9%), 3.3k Two or More Races residents (1.82%), 3.02k Black or African American Alone residents (1.67%), 1.17k Asian Alone residents (0.644%), 391 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.216%), 189 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.104%), and 25 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0138%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI are Spanish (1,469 speakers), Arabic (906 speakers), and German (326 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was 42.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

1.75%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.18k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was 1.75%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Lebanon

    299 ± 424 people

  2. United Arab Emirates

    295 ± 421 people

  3. Canada

    278 ± 409 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was Lebanon, the natal country of 299 Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI residents, followed by United Arab Emirates with 295 and Canada with 278.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    168k ± 913

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5.26k ± 527

  3. Two or More Races

    3.3k ± 562

In 2017, there were 31.9 times more White Alone residents (168k people) in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.26k Hispanic or Latino and 3.3k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,469 speakers (0.854%)

  2. Arabic

    906 speakers (0.527%)

  3. German

    326 speakers (0.19%)

2.7% of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was Spanish. 0.854% of the overall population of Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.527% speak Arabic and 0.19% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,155 ± 400

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,457 ± 228

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,182 ± 241

Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was $123,500 in 2017, which is 0.568 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $117,000 to $123,500, a 5.56% increase. The homeownership rate in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is 79.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 26.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,311

Median Household Income

± $966

72.9k

Number of Households

± 1,527

In 2017, the median household income of the 72.9k households in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI grew to $56,311 from the previous year's value of $53,423.

The following chart displays the households in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$123,500

2017 Median

± $1,833

$117,000

2016 Median

± $1,311

In 2017, the median property value in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI grew to to $123,500 from the previous year's value of $117,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

79.3%

2017 Homeownership

79.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 79.3% of the housing units in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 79.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

26.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI have a longer commute time (26.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.51% of the workforce in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.86%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.51%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Genesee (West) & Shiawassee Counties PUMA, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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