Garland County, AR

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Population

97,994

0.901% growth

Median Age

44.7


Median Household Income

$41,672

4.15% growth

Poverty Rate

19.1%


Number of Employees

39,800

0.428% decline

Median Property Value

$131,500

1.65% decline

About

In 2017, Garland County, AR had a population of 98k people with a median age of 44.7 and a median household income of $41,672. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Garland County, AR grew from 97,119 to 97,994, a 0.901% increase and its median household income grew from $40,011 to $41,672, a 4.15% increase.

The population of Garland County, AR is 82.6% White Alone, 8.11% Black or African American Alone, and 5.37% Hispanic or Latino. 5.44% of the people in Garland County, AR speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Garland County, AR are National Park College (554 degrees awarded in 2016) and Hot Springs Beauty College (33 degrees).

The median property value in Garland County, AR is $131,500, and the homeownership rate is 67%. Most people in Garland County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Garland County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Garland County, AR employs 39.8k people. The largest industries in Garland County, AR are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,597 people), Retail Trade (5,319 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,005 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($69,293), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($54,833), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($54,500).

Median household income in Garland County, AR is $41,672. Males in Garland County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Garland County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,672

2017 value

± $1,593

4.15%

1 Year Growth

± 5.48%

Households in Garland County, AR have a median annual income of $41,672, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,011 in 2016, which represents a 4.15% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Garland County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Garland County, AR made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Garland County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Garland County, AR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Garland County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Garland County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 112

  2. Census Tract 111

  3. Census Tract 119

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Garland County, AR was Census Tract 112 with a value of $56,476, followed by Census Tract 111 and Census Tract 119, with respective values of $55,203 and $54,054.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Garland County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Garland County, AR (18.3k out of 95.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,901 ± 921

  2. Black

    3,463 ± 446

  3. Hispanic

    1,910 ± 357

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Garland County, AR is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

39.8k

2017 Value

± 1,603

-0.428%

1 Year decline

± 5.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Garland County, AR declined at a rate of -0.428%, from 40k employees to 39.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Garland County, AR, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,309 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,898 people), and Management Occupations (3,613 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Garland County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Garland County, AR, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,309 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,898 people), and Management Occupations (3,613 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Garland County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.64 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.49 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Garland County, AR, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($74,639), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,500), and Management Occupations ($56,977).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

39.8k

2017 Value

± 1,603

-0.428%

1 Year decline

± 5.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Garland County, AR declined at a rate of -0.428%, from 40k employees to 39.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Garland County, AR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,597 people), Retail Trade (5,319 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,005 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Garland County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Garland County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Garland County, AR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,597 people), Retail Trade (5,319 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,005 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Garland County, AR has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.52 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.36 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Garland County, AR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($69,293), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($54,833), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($54,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood with $17.5B and Mixed freight and $8.54B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.9% of the population of Garland County, AR has health coverage, with 31% on employee plans, 21% on Medicaid, 16.7% on Medicare, 16.1% on non-group plans, and 2.1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Garland County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Garland County, AR see 1215 patients per year on average, which represents a 8.85% decrease from the previous year (1333 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1681 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 420 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1215 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Garland County, AR see an average of 1215 patients per year. This represents a 8.85% decrease from the previous year (1333 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Garland County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.1%

Uninsured

31%

Employer Coverage

21%

Medicaid

16.7%

Medicare

16.1%

Non-Group

2.1%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Garland County, AR declined by 10.9% from 14.7% to 13.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Garland County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Garland County, AR is home to a population of 98k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.41% of Garland County, AR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Garland County, AR is composed of 80.9k White Alone residents (82.6%), 7.95k Black or African American Alone residents (8.11%), 5.26k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.37%), 2.3k Two or More Races residents (2.34%), 723 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.738%), 498 Asian Alone residents (0.508%), 328 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.335%), and 8 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00816%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Garland County, AR are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,230 speakers), German (478 speakers), and Other Indo-European Languages (230 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Garland County, AR was 44.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Garland County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Garland County, AR residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.41%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.52%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.41% of Garland County, AR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Garland County, AR was 3.52%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Garland County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Garland County, AR was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Garland County, AR residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Garland County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Garland County, AR was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Garland County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    80.9k ± 69

  2. Black or African American Alone

    7.95k ± 352

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.26k ± 832

In 2017, there were 10.2 times more White Alone residents (80.9k people) in Garland County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.95k Black or African American Alone and 5.26k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Garland County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,230 speakers (3.52%)

  2. German

    478 speakers (0.522%)

  3. Other Indo-European Languages

    230 speakers (0.251%)

5.44% of Garland County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Garland County, AR was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.52% of the overall population of Garland County, AR are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.522% speak German and 0.251% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,587 ± 418

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,147 ± 254

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,134 ± 308

Garland County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Garland County, AR awarded 587 degrees. The student population of Garland County, AR is skewed towards women, with 1,153 male students and 1,789 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Garland County, AR are White (491 and 83.6%), followed by Black or African American (41 and 6.98%), Hispanic or Latino (38 and 6.47%), and Asian (9 and 1.53%).

The largest universities in Garland County, AR by number of degrees awarded are National Park College (554 and 94.4%) and Hot Springs Beauty College (33 and 5.62%).

The most popular majors in Garland County, AR are General Studies (146 and 24.9%), Welding Technology (63 and 10.7%), and Automobile Mechanics Technology (55 and 9.37%).

The median tuition costs in Garland County, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 146 degrees awarded

  2. 47 degrees awarded

  3. 24 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Garland County, AR was General Studies with 146 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Garland County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 554 degrees awarded

  2. 33 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Garland County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was National Park College with 554 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

256

Degrees Awarded to Men

331

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 256 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Garland County, AR, which is 0.773 times less than the 331 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Garland County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    491 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    41 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    38 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Garland County, AR were to White students. These 491 degrees mean that there were 12 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 41 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Garland County, AR was $131,500 in 2017, which is 0.604 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $133,700 to $131,500, a 1.65% decrease. The homeownership rate in Garland County, AR is 67%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Garland County, AR have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Garland County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,672

Median Household Income

± $1,593

40.1k

Number of Households

± 1,477

In 2017, the median household income of the 40.1k households in Garland County, AR grew to $41,672 from the previous year's value of $40,011.

The following chart displays the households in Garland County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$131,500

2017 Median

± $5,120

$133,700

2016 Median

± $4,676

In 2017, the median property value in Garland County, AR declined from to $131,500 from the previous year's value of $133,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Garland County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Garland County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Garland County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Garland County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67%

2017 Homeownership

66.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67% of the housing units in Garland County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Garland County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Garland County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Garland County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Garland County, AR have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.53% of the workforce in Garland County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Garland County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.81%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Garland County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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