Gallup, NM

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Population

72,849

2.01% decline

Median Age

31.6


Median Household Income

$30,336

3.63% growth

Poverty Rate

37.5%


Number of Employees

23,207

0.992% growth

Median Property Value

$62,800

7.65% decline

About

In 2017, Gallup, NM had a population of 72.8k people with a median age of 31.6 and a median household income of $30,336. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gallup, NM declined from 74,346 to 72,849, a -2.01% decrease and its median household income grew from $29,272 to $30,336, a 3.63% increase.

The population of Gallup, NM is 73.3% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, 14.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.09% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Gallup, NM speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gallup, NM are University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus (244 degrees awarded in 2016) and Navajo Technical University (236 degrees).

The median property value in Gallup, NM is $62,800, and the homeownership rate is 71.5%. Most people in Gallup, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Gallup, NM is 2 cars per household.

Gallup, NM borders Albuquerque, NM, Farmington, NM, and Grants, NM.

Economy

The economy of Gallup, NM employs 23.2k people. The largest industries in Gallup, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,889 people), Educational Services (2,959 people), and Public Administration (2,529 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($58,537), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,526), and Public Administration ($37,316).

Median household income in Gallup, NM is $30,336. Males in Gallup, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Gallup, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$30,336

2017 value

± $1,354

3.63%

1 Year Growth

± 7.03%

Households in Gallup, NM have a median annual income of $30,336, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $29,272 in 2016, which represents a 3.63% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gallup, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gallup, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gallup, NM was Santa Fe County, NM with a value of $58,821, followed by Lea County, NM and Sandoval County, NM, with respective values of $55,952 and $54,296.

The following map shows all of the counties in Gallup, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

37.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gallup, NM (27.1k out of 72.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Native American

    23,153 ± 711

  2. Hispanic

    2,766 ± 397

  3. White

    2,486 ± 408

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gallup, NM is Native American, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

23.2k

2017 Value

± 963

0.992%

1 Year growth

± 5.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gallup, NM grew at a rate of 0.992%, from 23k employees to 23.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gallup, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,000 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,098 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,842 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gallup, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gallup, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,000 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,098 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,842 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gallup, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.89 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.87 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gallup, NM, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($78,047), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($77,589), and Management Occupations ($59,382).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

23.2k

2017 Value

± 963

0.992%

1 Year growth

± 5.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gallup, NM grew at a rate of 0.992%, from 23k employees to 23.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gallup, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,889 people), Educational Services (2,959 people), and Public Administration (2,529 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gallup, NM, though some of these residents may live in Gallup, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gallup, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,889 people), Educational Services (2,959 people), and Public Administration (2,529 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gallup, NM has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.7 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.33 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gallup, NM, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($58,537), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,526), and Public Administration ($37,316).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.9B

  2. $12.8B

  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($12.8B) and Electronics ($7.72B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$69.2B

2015 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $9.94B

  2. $8.59B

  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

76% of the population of Gallup, NM has health coverage, with 17.4% on employee plans, 44.8% on Medicaid, 5.66% on Medicare, 7% on non-group plans, and 1.06% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Gallup, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Gallup, NM see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1316 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1544 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 271 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

1,325 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,325 patients per year. This represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1,316 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

24%

Uninsured

17.4%

Employer Coverage

44.8%

Medicaid

5.66%

Medicare

7%

Non-Group

1.06%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gallup, NM declined by 11.4% from 27.1% to 24%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gallup, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gallup, NM is home to a population of 72.8k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.3% of Gallup, NM residents were born outside of the country (1.67k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gallup, NM is composed of 53.4k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (73.3%), 10.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.1%), 6.62k White Alone residents (9.09%), 1.41k Two or More Races residents (1.93%), 672 Asian Alone residents (0.922%), 369 Black or African American Alone residents (0.507%), 32 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0439%), and 16 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.022%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gallup, NM are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gallup, NM was 31.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Gallup, NM are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gallup, NM residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.67k people

2.18%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.62k people

As of 2017, 2.3% of Gallup, NM residents (1.67k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gallup, NM was 2.18%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gallup, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Gallup, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gallup, NM was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gallup, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    53.4k ± 371

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    10.3k ± 1.11k

  3. White Alone

    6.62k ± 20

In 2017, there were 5.19 times more American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (53.4k people) in Gallup, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.3k Hispanic or Latino and 6.62k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gallup, NM as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gallup, NM citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gallup, NM was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gallup, NM are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,103 ± 198

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    514 ± 136

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    363 ± 119

Gallup, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gallup, NM awarded 480 degrees. The student population of Gallup, NM is skewed towards women, with 1,640 male students and 2,513 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gallup, NM are American Indian or Alaska Native (434 and 90.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (25 and 5.23%), White (14 and 2.93%), and Black or African American (2 and 0.418%).

The largest universities in Gallup, NM by number of degrees awarded are University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus (244 and 50.8%) and Navajo Technical University (236 and 49.2%).

The most popular majors in Gallup, NM are Pre-Nursing Studies (57 and 11.9%), Early Childhood Education & Teaching (48 and 10%), and Registered Nursing (33 and 6.88%).

The median tuition costs in Gallup, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,420 and $3,420 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 27 degrees awarded

  2. 33 degrees awarded

  3. 32 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Gallup, NM was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 27 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Gallup, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 244 degrees awarded

  2. 236 degrees awarded

$3,420

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Gallup, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus with 244 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

171

Degrees Awarded to Men

309

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 171 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gallup, NM, which is 0.553 times less than the 309 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gallup, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. American Indian or Alaska Native

    434 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    25 degrees awarded

  3. White

    14 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gallup, NM were to American Indian or Alaska Native students. These 434 degrees mean that there were 17.4 times more American Indian or Alaska Native students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 25 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gallup, NM was $62,800 in 2017, which is 0.289 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $68,000 to $62,800, a 7.65% decrease. The homeownership rate in Gallup, NM is 71.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gallup, NM have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gallup, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$30,336

Median Household Income

± $1,354

19.8k

Number of Households

± 736

In 2017, the median household income of the 19.8k households in Gallup, NM grew to $30,336 from the previous year's value of $29,272.

The following chart displays the households in Gallup, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$62,800

2017 Median

± $3,969

$68,000

2016 Median

± $4,027

In 2017, the median property value in Gallup, NM declined from to $62,800 from the previous year's value of $68,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gallup, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gallup, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gallup, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gallup, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

71.5%

2017 Homeownership

71.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.5% of the housing units in Gallup, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gallup, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gallup, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gallup, NM have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gallup, NM have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.84% of the workforce in Gallup, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gallup, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.75%

  3. Worked At Home

    9.46%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gallup, NM was Drove Alone (74.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.75%) and those who Worked At Home (9.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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