Gainesville, FL

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Population

285,374

1.27% growth

Median Age

31.9


Median Household Income

$44,548

1.61% decline

Poverty Rate

23.1%


Number of Employees

134,407

5.9% growth

Median Property Value

$170,700

0.176% growth

About

In 2017, Gainesville, FL had a population of 285k people with a median age of 31.9 and a median household income of $44,548. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 281,796 to 285,374, a 1.27% increase and its median household income declined from $45,279 to $44,548, a -1.61% decrease.

The population of Gainesville, FL is 62.2% White Alone, 19.1% Black or African American Alone, and 9.6% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Gainesville, FL speak a non-English language, and 95.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (14,667 degrees awarded in 2016), Santa Fe College (3,640 degrees), and University of Florida-Online (241 degrees).

The median property value in Gainesville, FL is $170,700, and the homeownership rate is 57.4%. Most people in Gainesville, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL is 2 cars per household.

Gainesville, FL borders Ocala, FL, Palatka, FL, and Lake City, FL.

About the photo: Gainesville Chamber of Commerce

Economy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 134k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Educational Services (26,076 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,357 people), and Retail Trade (16,412 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($58,542), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($45,493), and Manufacturing ($45,081).

Median household income in Gainesville, FL is $44,548. Males in Gainesville, FL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,343. The income inequality in Gainesville, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,548

2017 value

± $2,324

-1.61%

1 Year Growth

± 8.46%

Households in Gainesville, FL have a median annual income of $44,548, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,279 in 2016, which represents a -1.61% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$60,114

Average Male Salary

± $840

$45,343

Average Female Salary

± $594

In 2017, full-time male employees in Gainesville, FL made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Gainesville, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,204 ± $3,403

  2. Alaska Native

    $49,633 ± $34,468

  3. White

    $49,322 ± $566

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Gainesville, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Gainesville, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.211% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, FL was St. Johns County, FL with a value of $73,836, followed by Nassau County, FL and Santa Rosa County, FL, with respective values of $71,489 and $66,059.

The following map shows all of the counties in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (60.2k out of 260k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    36,687 ± 1,510

  2. Black

    16,693 ± 1,092

  3. Hispanic

    7,338 ± 589

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

134k

2017 Value

± 7,090

5.9%

1 Year growth

± 7.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 5.9%, from 127k employees to 134k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are . This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL, by number of employees, are .

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gainesville, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as .

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,760), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,750), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,076).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

134k

2017 Value

± 7,090

5.9%

1 Year growth

± 7.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 5.9%, from 127k employees to 134k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Educational Services (26,076 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,357 people), and Retail Trade (16,412 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gainesville, FL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (26,076 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,357 people), and Retail Trade (16,412 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gainesville, FL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.12 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.35 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gainesville, FL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($58,542), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($45,493), and Manufacturing ($45,081).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.5% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 49.5% on employee plans, 13.1% on Medicaid, 8.99% on Medicare, 16.3% on non-group plans, and 2.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Gainesville, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Gainesville, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.49%

Uninsured

49.5%

Employer Coverage

13.1%

Medicaid

8.99%

Medicare

16.3%

Non-Group

2.56%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL grew by 1.8% from 9.32% to 9.49%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gainesville, FL is home to a population of 285k people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.26% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Gainesville, FL is composed of 177k White Alone residents (62.2%), 54.6k Black or African American Alone residents (19.1%), 27.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.6%), 15.7k Asian Alone residents (5.5%), 8.27k Two or More Races residents (2.9%), 932 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.327%), 840 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.294%), and 225 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0788%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gainesville, FL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gainesville, FL was 31.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Gainesville, FL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Gainesville, FL residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

9.41%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 9.26% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 9.41%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    984,212 ± 23,779 people

  2. Haiti

    353,866 ± 14,481 people

  3. Colombia

    274,220 ± 12,772 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Gainesville, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 984,212 Gainesville, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 353,866 and Colombia with 274,220.

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Citizenship

95.2%

2017 Citizenship

94.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.2% of Gainesville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, FL was 94.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    177k ± 2.36k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    54.6k ± 1.94k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    27.4k ± 2.57k

In 2017, there were 3.25 times more White Alone residents (177k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 54.6k Black or African American Alone and 27.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gainesville, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gainesville, FL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gainesville, FL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,195 ± 1,348

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,480 ± 1,045

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,822 ± 1,259

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 18,866 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL is skewed towards women, with 32,018 male students and 38,742 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (10,786 and 62.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,923 and 16.9%), Black or African American (1,431 and 8.28%), and Asian (1,063 and 6.15%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (14,667 and 77.7%), Santa Fe College (3,640 and 19.3%), and University of Florida-Online (241 and 1.28%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,678 and 14.2%), General Business Administration & Management (1,071 and 5.68%), and General Psychology (534 and 2.83%).

The median tuition costs in Gainesville, FL are $11,520 for private four year colleges, and $3,358 and $15,000 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 394 degrees awarded

  2. 489 degrees awarded

  3. 449 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Finance with 394 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 14,667 degrees awarded

  2. 3,640 degrees awarded

  3. 241 degrees awarded

$3,358

Median In-State Public

$11,520

Median Private

In 2016, the Gainesville, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 14,667 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,433

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,433

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 8,433 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.808 times less than the 10,433 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Gainesville, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,786 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,923 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,431 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gainesville, FL were to White students. These 10,786 degrees mean that there were 3.69 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,923 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $170,700 in 2017, which is 0.784 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $170,400 to $170,700, a 0.176% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 57.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,548

Median Household Income

± $2,324

104k

Number of Households

± 5,258

In 2017, the median household income of the 104k households in Gainesville, FL declined from $44,548 from the previous year's value of $45,279.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$170,700

2017 Median

± $7,008

$170,400

2016 Median

± $10,067

In 2017, the median property value in Gainesville, FL grew to to $170,700 from the previous year's value of $170,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.4%

2017 Homeownership

54.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.4% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.29% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.5%

  2. Carpooled

    9.99%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gainesville, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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