Gainesville, FL

Add Comparison

Population

288,711

1.17% growth

Median Age

32.4


Median Household Income

$50,495

13.3% growth

Poverty Rate

23.1%


Number of Employees

137,947

2.63% growth

Median Property Value

$184,100

7.85% growth

About

In 2018, Gainesville, FL had a population of 289k people with a median age of 32.4 and a median household income of $50,495. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 285,374 to 288,711, a 1.17% increase and its median household income grew from $44,548 to $50,495, a 13.3% increase.

The population of Gainesville, FL is 62.1% White Alone, 18.4% Black or African American Alone, and 10.2% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Gainesville, FL speak a non-English language, and 94.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (15,013 degrees awarded in 2017), Santa Fe College (3,875 degrees), and University of Florida-Online (337 degrees).

The median property value in Gainesville, FL is $184,100, and the homeownership rate is 61.6%. Most people in Gainesville, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL is 2 cars per household.

Gainesville, FL borders Lake City, FL, Ocala, FL, and Palatka, FL.

About the photo: Gainesville Chamber of Commerce

Economy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 138k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,731 people), Educational Services (25,252 people), and Retail Trade (15,281 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($72,844), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($70,046), and Transportation & Warehousing ($68,750).

Median household income in Gainesville, FL is $50,495. Males in Gainesville, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,612. The income inequality in Gainesville, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,495

2018 value

± $2,077

13.3%

1 Year Growth

± 5.86%

Households in Gainesville, FL have a median annual income of $50,495, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,548 in 2017, which represents a 13.3% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$62,257

Average Male Salary

± $878

$46,612

Average Female Salary

± $604

In 2018, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,219 ± $3,256

  2. White

    $51,352 ± $590

  3. American Indian

    $40,596 ± $5,196

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.

0.474

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.214% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, FL was St. Johns County, FL with a value of $80,712, followed by Monroe County, FL and Santa Rosa County, FL, with respective values of $71,973 and $70,787.

The following map shows all of the counties in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (60.2k out of 260k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    36,687 ± 1,510

  2. Black

    16,693 ± 1,092

  3. Hispanic

    7,338 ± 589

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Occupations

Employment by Occupations

138k

2018 Value

± 7,307

2.63%

1 Year growth

± 7.3%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 2.63%, from 134k employees to 138k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (13,840 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,148 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,592 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL, by number of employees, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (13,840 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,148 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,592 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gainesville, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.52 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.71 times), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.68 times).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($66,879), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,490), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,515).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Industries

Employment by Industries

138k

2018 Value

± 7,307

2.63%

1 Year growth

± 7.3%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 2.63%, from 134k employees to 138k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,731 people), Educational Services (25,252 people), and Retail Trade (15,281 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common industries in Gainesville, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (26,731 people), Educational Services (25,252 people), and Retail Trade (15,281 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gainesville, FL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.99 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.44 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.4 times) industries.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gainesville, FL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($72,844), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($70,046), and Transportation & Warehousing ($68,750).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $63.5B

  2. $51.6B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $63.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($51.6B) and Electronics ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$497B

2020 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

43.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $497B. This is expected to increase 43.6% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.5B

  2. $16.6B

  3. $11.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $19.5B, followed by Texas with $16.6B and California and $11.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

90.5% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 49.5% on employee plans, 13.1% on Medicaid, 8.99% on Medicare, 16.3% on non-group plans, and 2.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Gainesville, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Gainesville, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Coverage

9.49%

Uninsured

49.5%

Employer Coverage

13.1%

Medicaid

8.99%

Medicare

16.3%

Non-Group

2.56%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL grew by 1.8% from 9.32% to 9.49%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Diversity

Gainesville, FL is home to a population of 289k people, from which 94.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.26% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the country (26.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gainesville, FL is composed of 179k White Alone residents (62.1%), 53k Black or African American Alone residents (18.4%), 29.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.2%), 17.1k Asian Alone residents (5.92%), 8.12k Two or More Races residents (2.81%), 970 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.336%), 364 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.126%), and 284 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0984%).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Gainesville, FL was 32.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Gainesville, FL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Gainesville, FL residents was 32.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

26.4k people

9.41%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

26.5k people

As of 2017, 9.26% of Gainesville, FL residents (26.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 9.41%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    1,028,508 ± 24,290 people

  2. Haiti

    339,246 ± 14,186 people

  3. Colombia

    285,400 ± 13,028 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,028,508 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 339,246 and Colombia with 285,400.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Citizenship

94.5%

2018 Citizenship

95.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.5% of Gainesville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, FL was 95.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    179k ± 2.13k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    53k ± 1.79k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    29.6k ± 2.56k

In 2018, there were 3.39 times more White Alone residents (179k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53k Black or African American Alone and 29.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,617 ± 944

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,291 ± 1,095

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,919 ± 1,006

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.4 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Education

In 2017, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 19,532 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL is skewed towards women, with 31,560 male students and 39,126 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (10,925 and 61.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,218 and 18.1%), Black or African American (1,377 and 7.76%), and Asian (1,097 and 6.19%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (15,013 and 76.9%), Santa Fe College (3,875 and 19.8%), and University of Florida-Online (337 and 1.73%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,741 and 14%), General Business Administration & Management (1,131 and 5.79%), and General Psychology (501 and 2.57%).

The median tuition costs in Gainesville, FL are $11,880 for private four year colleges, and $3,358 and $15,000 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 370 degrees awarded

  2. 477 degrees awarded

  3. 458 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Finance with 370 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 15,013 degrees awarded

  2. 3,875 degrees awarded

  3. 337 degrees awarded

$3,358

Median In-State Public

$11,880

Median Private

In 2017, the Gainesville, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 15,013 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,746

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,786

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 8,746 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.811 times less than the 10,786 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Gainesville, FL by degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,925 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3,218 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,377 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gainesville, FL were to White students. These 10,925 degrees mean that there were 3.39 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,218 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $184,100 in 2018, which is 0.801 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $170,700 to $184,100, a 7.85% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 61.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$184,100

2018 Median

± $14,594

$170,700

2017 Median

± $7,008

In 2018, the median property value in Gainesville, FL grew to to $184,100 from the previous year's value of $170,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,495

Median Household Income

± $2,077

105k

Number of Households

± 5,406

In 2018, the median household income of the 105k households in Gainesville, FL grew to $50,495 from the previous year's value of $44,548.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

61.6%

2018 Homeownership

57.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 61.6% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.56% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.5%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.01%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Gainesville, FL was Drove Alone (75.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Worked At Home (6.01%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart