Fresno, CA

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Population

530,073

0.503% growth

Median Age

31.5


Median Household Income

$49,813

2.5% growth

Poverty Rate

28.4%


Number of Employees

219,244

0.037% growth

Median Property Value

$257,200

9.68% growth

About

In 2018, Fresno, CA had a population of 530k people with a median age of 31.5 and a median household income of $49,813. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Fresno, CA grew from 527,422 to 530,073, a 0.503% increase and its median household income grew from $48,600 to $49,813, a 2.5% increase.

The population of Fresno, CA is 49.5% Hispanic or Latino, 27.3% White Alone, and 13.9% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Fresno, CA speak a non-English language, and 90.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno, CA are California State University-Fresno (5,354 degrees awarded in 2017), Fresno City College (1,872 degrees), and Fresno Pacific University (1,228 degrees).

The median property value in Fresno, CA is $257,200, and the homeownership rate is 44.2%. Most people in Fresno, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Fresno, CA

Economy

The economy of Fresno, CA employs 219k people. The largest industries in Fresno, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (37,725 people), Retail Trade (24,319 people), and Educational Services (21,125 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,060), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,925), and Public Administration ($45,905).

Median household income in Fresno, CA is $49,813. Males in Fresno, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,298. The income inequality in Fresno, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,813

2018 value

± $2,724

2.5%

1 Year Growth

± 6.96%

Households in Fresno, CA have a median annual income of $49,813, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,600 in 2017, which represents a 2.5% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fresno, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$78,575

Average Male Salary

± $755

$62,298

Average Female Salary

± $633

In 2018, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,860 ± $1,174

  2. White

    $65,115 ± $611

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,912 ± $1,843

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fresno, CA is from California.

0.499

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in California was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.324% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 43.01

  2. Census Tract 55.17

  3. Census Tract 44.05

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno, CA was Census Tract 43.01 with a value of $126,250, followed by Census Tract 55.17 and Census Tract 44.05, with respective values of $109,375 and $103,075.

The following map shows all of the places in Fresno, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno, CA (145k out of 510k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    85,189 ± 2,089

  2. White

    69,986 ± 2,032

  3. Other

    29,628 ± 1,405

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

219k

2018 Value

± 8,492

0.037%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 0.037%, from 219k employees to 219k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno, CA, are Sales & Related Occupations (23,211 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (22,228 people), and Management Occupations (17,133 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (23,211 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (22,228 people), and Management Occupations (17,133 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Fresno, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.2 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.78 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fresno, CA, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,703), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($78,561), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($76,260).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

219k

2018 Value

± 8,492

0.037%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Fresno, CA grew at a rate of 0.037%, from 219k employees to 219k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (37,725 people), Retail Trade (24,319 people), and Educational Services (21,125 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fresno, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (37,725 people), Retail Trade (24,319 people), and Educational Services (21,125 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Fresno, CA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.78 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.35 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fresno, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($82,060), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,925), and Public Administration ($45,905).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $232B

  2. $172B

  3. $136B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $232B, followed by Mixed freight ($172B) and Gasoline ($136B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.7T

2020 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

46.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $1.7T. This is expected to increase 46.3% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $71.8B

  2. $46.9B

  3. $34B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $71.8B, followed by Arizona with $46.9B and Washington and $34B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Fresno, CA has health coverage, with 36.8% on employee plans, 36.9% on Medicaid, 7.24% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Fresno, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Fresno, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.38%

Uninsured

36.8%

Employer Coverage

36.9%

Medicaid

7.24%

Medicare

10.5%

Non-Group

1.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno, CA declined by 4.44% from 7.72% to 7.38%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fresno, CA is home to a population of 530k people, from which 90.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.9% of Fresno, CA residents were born outside of the country (105k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fresno, CA is composed of 262k Hispanic or Latino residents (49.5%), 145k White Alone residents (27.3%), 73.9k Asian Alone residents (13.9%), 33.1k Black or African American Alone residents (6.25%), 11.7k Two or More Races residents (2.2%), 2.61k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.493%), 1.13k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.213%), and 705 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.133%).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Fresno, CA was 31.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Fresno, CA are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Fresno, CA residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

105k people

20.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

106k people

As of 2017, 19.9% of Fresno, CA residents (105k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno, CA was 20.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,032,642 ± 46,722 people

  2. Philippines

    840,765 ± 22,271 people

  3. China

    696,409 ± 20,307 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,032,642 California residents, followed by Philippines with 840,765 and China with 696,409.

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Citizenship

90.3%

2018 Citizenship

90.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 90.3% of Fresno, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno, CA was 90.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    262k ± 11.9k

  2. White Alone

    145k ± 6.45k

  3. Asian Alone

    73.9k ± 5.01k

In 2018, there were 1.81 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (262k people) in Fresno, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 145k White Alone and 73.9k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fresno, CA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,117 ± 1,040

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,131 ± 1,269

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,247 ± 731

Fresno, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.19 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Fresno, CA awarded 9,907 degrees. The student population of Fresno, CA is skewed towards women, with 25,237 male students and 35,944 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno, CA are Hispanic or Latino (4,542 and 47.5%), followed by White (2,732 and 28.5%), Asian (1,140 and 11.9%), and Black or African American (409 and 4.27%).

The largest universities in Fresno, CA by number of degrees awarded are California State University-Fresno (5,354 and 54%), Fresno City College (1,872 and 18.9%), and Fresno Pacific University (1,228 and 12.4%).

The most popular majors in Fresno, CA are General Business Administration & Management (1,145 and 11.6%), General Psychology (527 and 5.32%), and Registered Nursing (448 and 4.52%).

The median tuition costs in Fresno, CA are $19,319 for private four year colleges, and $5,742 and $17,622 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 395 degrees awarded

  2. 336 degrees awarded

  3. 778 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fresno, CA was Criminology with 395 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fresno, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,354 degrees awarded

  2. 1,872 degrees awarded

  3. 1,228 degrees awarded

$5,742

Median In-State Public

$19,319

Median Private

In 2017, the Fresno, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was California State University-Fresno with 5,354 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,550

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,357

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,550 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fresno, CA, which is 0.558 times less than the 6,357 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Fresno, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    4,542 degrees awarded

  2. White

    2,732 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,140 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fresno, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 4,542 degrees mean that there were 1.66 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 2,732 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno, CA was $257,200 in 2018, which is 1.12 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $234,500 to $257,200, a 9.68% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno, CA is 44.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fresno, CA have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fresno, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$257,200

2018 Median

± $8,290

$234,500

2017 Median

± $6,228

In 2018, the median property value in Fresno, CA grew to to $257,200 from the previous year's value of $234,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fresno, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,813

Median Household Income

± $2,724

171k

Number of Households

± 6,711

In 2018, the median household income of the 171k households in Fresno, CA grew to $49,813 from the previous year's value of $48,600.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.2%

2018 Homeownership

47.1%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 44.2% of the housing units in Fresno, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 47.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fresno, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno, CA have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.29% of the workforce in Fresno, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.26%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Fresno, CA was Drove Alone (80%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.26%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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