Fort Smith, AR

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Population

87,537

0.2% decline

Median Age

35.9


Median Household Income

$36,532

1.6% growth

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

37,848

0.753% growth

Median Property Value

$117,000

1.83% growth

About

In 2017, Fort Smith, AR had a population of 87.5k people with a median age of 35.9 and a median household income of $36,532. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Fort Smith, AR declined from 87,712 to 87,537, a -0.2% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,956 to $36,532, a 1.6% increase.

The population of Fort Smith, AR is 60.4% White Alone, 18.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.56% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Fort Smith, AR speak a non-English language, and 92.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fort Smith, AR are University of Arkansas-Fort Smith (1,311 degrees awarded in 2016), Academy of Salon and Spa (45 degrees), and Designer Barber & Stylist School (16 degrees).

The median property value in Fort Smith, AR is $117,000, and the homeownership rate is 50.9%. Most people in Fort Smith, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Fort Smith, AR is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ozark, AR

Economy

The economy of Fort Smith, AR employs 37.8k people. The largest industries in Fort Smith, AR are Manufacturing (7,483 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,617 people), and Retail Trade (5,455 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,095), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,319), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,750).

Median household income in Fort Smith, AR is $36,532. Males in Fort Smith, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Fort Smith, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,532

2017 value

± $1,393

1.6%

1 Year Growth

± 5.68%

Households in Fort Smith, AR have a median annual income of $36,532, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,956 in 2016, which represents a 1.6% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fort Smith, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arkansas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arkansas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fort Smith, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 13.01

  2. Census Tract 13.05

  3. Census Tract 10.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fort Smith, AR was Census Tract 13.01 with a value of $67,750, followed by Census Tract 13.05 and Census Tract 10.02, with respective values of $59,554 and $56,964.

The following map shows all of the places in Fort Smith, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fort Smith, AR (22.2k out of 85.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,788 ± 926

  2. Hispanic

    6,385 ± 609

  3. Black

    3,947 ± 477

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fort Smith, AR is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

37.8k

2017 Value

± 1,533

0.753%

1 Year growth

± 5.59%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fort Smith, AR grew at a rate of 0.753%, from 37.6k employees to 37.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fort Smith, AR, are Production Occupations (5,234 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,753 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,652 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (5,234 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,753 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,652 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Fort Smith, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.39 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.24 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($70,676), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,860), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($55,313).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

37.8k

2017 Value

± 1,533

0.753%

1 Year growth

± 5.59%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fort Smith, AR grew at a rate of 0.753%, from 37.6k employees to 37.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fort Smith, AR, are Manufacturing (7,483 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,617 people), and Retail Trade (5,455 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fort Smith, AR, though some of these residents may live in Fort Smith, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fort Smith, AR, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (7,483 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,617 people), and Retail Trade (5,455 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Fort Smith, AR has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.04 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.95 times), and Retail Trade (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fort Smith, AR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,095), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,319), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood ($17.5B) and Mixed freight ($8.54B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.1% of the population of Fort Smith, AR has health coverage, with 36.1% on employee plans, 24.1% on Medicaid, 9.9% on Medicare, 13.6% on non-group plans, and 1.37% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Fort Smith, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Fort Smith, AR see 1522 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.588% decrease from the previous year (1531 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2218 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 488 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

1,522 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arkansas see an average of 1,522 patients per year. This represents a 0.588% decrease from the previous year (1,531 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arkansas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.9%

Uninsured

36.1%

Employer Coverage

24.1%

Medicaid

9.9%

Medicare

13.6%

Non-Group

1.37%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fort Smith, AR declined by 7.26% from 16% to 14.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fort Smith, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fort Smith, AR is home to a population of 87.5k people, from which 92.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.7% of Fort Smith, AR residents were born outside of the country (11.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fort Smith, AR is composed of 52.9k White Alone residents (60.4%), 16.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (18.8%), 8.37k Black or African American Alone residents (9.56%), 5.19k Asian Alone residents (5.93%), 3.73k Two or More Races residents (4.26%), 822 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.939%), 43 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0491%), and 16 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0183%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fort Smith, AR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Fort Smith, AR was 35.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Fort Smith, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Fort Smith, AR residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.1k people

12.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

11.3k people

As of 2017, 12.7% of Fort Smith, AR residents (11.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fort Smith, AR was 12.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fort Smith, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

92.3%

2017 Citizenship

92%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.3% of Fort Smith, AR residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Fort Smith, AR was 92%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fort Smith, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    52.9k ± 557

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    16.5k ± 1.72k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    8.37k ± 415

In 2017, there were 3.21 times more White Alone residents (52.9k people) in Fort Smith, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.5k Hispanic or Latino and 8.37k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fort Smith, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Fort Smith, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Fort Smith, AR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Fort Smith, AR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,084 ± 286

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    844 ± 252

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    759 ± 196

Fort Smith, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Fort Smith, AR awarded 1,387 degrees. The student population of Fort Smith, AR is skewed towards women, with 2,953 male students and 3,766 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fort Smith, AR are White (1,013 and 73.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (108 and 7.86%), Two or More Races (79 and 5.75%), and Asian (65 and 4.73%).

The largest universities in Fort Smith, AR by number of degrees awarded are University of Arkansas-Fort Smith (1,311 and 94.5%), Academy of Salon and Spa (45 and 3.24%), and Designer Barber & Stylist School (16 and 1.15%).

The most popular majors in Fort Smith, AR are General Business Administration & Management (146 and 10.5%), General Studies (125 and 9.01%), and Organizational Leadership (105 and 7.57%).

The median tuition costs in Fort Smith, AR are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,840 and $10,488 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 89 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

  3. 134 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fort Smith, AR was Organizational Leadership with 89 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fort Smith, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,311 degrees awarded

  2. 45 degrees awarded

  3. 16 degrees awarded

$3,840

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Fort Smith, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arkansas-Fort Smith with 1,311 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

636

Degrees Awarded to Men

751

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 636 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fort Smith, AR, which is 0.847 times less than the 751 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Fort Smith, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,013 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    108 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    79 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fort Smith, AR were to White students. These 1,013 degrees mean that there were 9.38 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 108 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fort Smith, AR was $117,000 in 2017, which is 0.538 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $114,900 to $117,000, a 1.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Fort Smith, AR is 50.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fort Smith, AR have an average commute time of 15.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fort Smith, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,532

Median Household Income

± $1,393

35.3k

Number of Households

± 1,404

In 2017, the median household income of the 35.3k households in Fort Smith, AR grew to $36,532 from the previous year's value of $35,956.

The following chart displays the households in Fort Smith, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$117,000

2017 Median

± $5,433

$114,900

2016 Median

± $4,145

In 2017, the median property value in Fort Smith, AR grew to to $117,000 from the previous year's value of $114,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fort Smith, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fort Smith, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fort Smith, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fort Smith, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

50.9%

2017 Homeownership

50.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 50.9% of the housing units in Fort Smith, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 50.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fort Smith, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fort Smith, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fort Smith, AR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

15.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fort Smith, AR have a shorter commute time (15.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.16% of the workforce in Fort Smith, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fort Smith, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.9%

  2. Carpooled

    12.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.17%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Fort Smith, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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