Fort Smith, AR-OK

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Population

282,086

0.305% growth

Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$40,282

1.68% decline

Poverty Rate

21.5%


Number of Employees

117,098

0.404% decline

Median Property Value

$114,800

10.8% growth

About

In 2017, Fort Smith, AR-OK had a population of 282k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $40,282. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Fort Smith, AR-OK grew from 281,227 to 282,086, a 0.305% increase and its median household income declined from $40,970 to $40,282, a -1.68% decrease.

The population of Fort Smith, AR-OK is 72% White Alone, 10.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.43% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Fort Smith, AR-OK speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fort Smith, AR-OK are University of Arkansas-Fort Smith (1,311 degrees awarded in 2016), Carl Albert State College (638 degrees), and Kiamichi Technology Center-Poteau (184 degrees).

The median property value in Fort Smith, AR-OK is $114,800, and the homeownership rate is 66%. Most people in Fort Smith, AR-OK commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Fort Smith, AR-OK is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ozark, AR

Economy

The economy of Fort Smith, AR-OK employs 117k people. The largest industries in Fort Smith, AR-OK are Manufacturing (18,781 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,286 people), and Retail Trade (15,885 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($85,625), Utilities ($60,739), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,354).

Median household income in Fort Smith, AR-OK is $40,282. Males in Fort Smith, AR-OK have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,245. The income inequality in Fort Smith, AR-OK (measured using the Gini index) is 0.449, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,282

2017 value

± $2,443

-1.68%

1 Year Growth

± 7.36%

Households in Fort Smith, AR-OK have a median annual income of $40,282, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,970 in 2016, which represents a -1.68% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Fort Smith, AR-OK compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.

$56,245

Average Male Salary

± $1,532

$40,245

Average Female Salary

± $1,055

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oklahoma made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oklahoma by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $54,303 ± $15,115

  2. White

    $45,491 ± $1,065

  3. Asian

    $43,421 ± $6,126

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oklahoma workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oklahoma by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fort Smith, AR-OK is from Oklahoma.

0.449

2017 Wage GINI

0.459

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oklahoma was 0.449 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.21% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oklahoma was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oklahoma in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oklahoma across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fort Smith, AR-OK was Canadian County, OK with a value of $74,720, followed by Cleveland County, OK and Rogers County, OK, with respective values of $61,213 and $60,735.

The following map shows all of the counties in Fort Smith, AR-OK colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fort Smith, AR-OK (59.2k out of 276k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    42,114 ± 1,403

  2. Hispanic

    9,837 ± 685

  3. Black

    4,730 ± 497

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fort Smith, AR-OK is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

117k

2017 Value

± 5,668

-0.404%

1 Year decline

± 6.69%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fort Smith, AR-OK declined at a rate of -0.404%, from 118k employees to 117k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fort Smith, AR-OK, are Sales & Related Occupations (13,655 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,177 people), and Production Occupations (12,625 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR-OK.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR-OK, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (13,655 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,177 people), and Production Occupations (12,625 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Fort Smith, AR-OK has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.99 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.66 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.48 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fort Smith, AR-OK, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($68,489), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,064), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($60,115).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

117k

2017 Value

± 5,668

-0.404%

1 Year decline

± 6.69%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fort Smith, AR-OK declined at a rate of -0.404%, from 118k employees to 117k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fort Smith, AR-OK, are Manufacturing (18,781 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,286 people), and Retail Trade (15,885 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fort Smith, AR-OK, though some of these residents may live in Fort Smith, AR-OK and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fort Smith, AR-OK, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (18,781 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,286 people), and Retail Trade (15,885 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Fort Smith, AR-OK has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.06 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.82 times), and Manufacturing (1.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fort Smith, AR-OK, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($85,625), Utilities ($60,739), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,354).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $52.4B

  2. $21.4B

  3. $19.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Oklahoma product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $52.4B, followed by Fuel oils ($21.4B) and Gasoline ($19.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oklahoma products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oklahoma state.

$220B

2015 Value

$309B

Projected 2045 Value

40.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oklahoma trade was $220B. This is expected to increase 40.6% to $309B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oklahoma trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $40.8B

  2. $19.3B

  3. $7.03B

In 2015, the top outbound Oklahoma domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $40.8B, followed by Kansas with $19.3B and Arkansas and $7.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oklahoma shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.7% of the population of Fort Smith, AR-OK has health coverage, with 36% on employee plans, 22.9% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 2.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Fort Smith, AR-OK was $7,627 in 2014. This is a 4.58% increase from the previous year ($7,293).

Primary care physicians in Fort Smith, AR-OK see 1587 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.8% increase from the previous year (1559 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1704 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 264 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Pushmataha County and Ottawa County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Adair County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.

1,587 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oklahoma see an average of 1,587 patients per year. This represents a 1.8% increase from the previous year (1,559 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oklahoma in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.

$7,627

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,878

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,529

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oklahoma (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.58%, from $7,293 to $7,627.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.3%

Uninsured

36%

Employer Coverage

22.9%

Medicaid

11.9%

Medicare

14.5%

Non-Group

2.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fort Smith, AR-OK declined by 0.0152% from 12.4% to 12.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fort Smith, AR-OK changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.2% prevalence

  3. 15.9% prevalence

Pushmataha County and Ottawa County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Fort Smith, AR-OK is home to a population of 282k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.95% of Fort Smith, AR-OK residents were born outside of the country (16.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Fort Smith, AR-OK is composed of 203k White Alone residents (72%), 28.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.1%), 18.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (6.43%), 15k Two or More Races residents (5.33%), 10.1k Black or African American Alone residents (3.59%), 6.95k Asian Alone residents (2.46%), 85 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0301%), and 50 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0177%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fort Smith, AR-OK are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Fort Smith, AR-OK was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Fort Smith, AR-OK are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Fort Smith, AR-OK residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.95%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

16.8k people

6.09%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

17.1k people

As of 2017, 5.95% of Fort Smith, AR-OK residents (16.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fort Smith, AR-OK was 6.09%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fort Smith, AR-OK compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    100,055 ± 7,666 people

  2. Vietnam

    15,342 ± 3,035 people

  3. India

    9,282 ± 2,363 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oklahoma was Mexico, the natal country of 100,055 Oklahoma residents, followed by Vietnam with 15,342 and India with 9,282.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of Fort Smith, AR-OK residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Fort Smith, AR-OK was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fort Smith, AR-OK compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    203k ± 355

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    28.6k ± 3k

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    18.1k ± 1.53k

In 2017, there were 7.11 times more White Alone residents (203k people) in Fort Smith, AR-OK than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28.6k Hispanic or Latino and 18.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Fort Smith, AR-OK as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Fort Smith, AR-OK citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Fort Smith, AR-OK was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Fort Smith, AR-OK are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,390 ± 879

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,214 ± 959

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,048 ± 883

Fort Smith, AR-OK has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Fort Smith, AR-OK awarded 2,402 degrees. The student population of Fort Smith, AR-OK is skewed towards women, with 4,076 male students and 5,361 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fort Smith, AR-OK are White (1,646 and 69.4%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (264 and 11.1%), Hispanic or Latino (176 and 7.42%), and Two or More Races (118 and 4.97%).

The largest universities in Fort Smith, AR-OK by number of degrees awarded are University of Arkansas-Fort Smith (1,311 and 54.6%), Carl Albert State College (638 and 26.6%), and Kiamichi Technology Center-Poteau (184 and 7.66%).

The most popular majors in Fort Smith, AR-OK are General Studies (208 and 8.66%), General Business Administration & Management (206 and 8.58%), and Welding Technology (160 and 6.66%).

The median tuition costs in Fort Smith, AR-OK are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,840 and $10,488 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 89 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

  3. 134 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fort Smith, AR-OK was Organizational Leadership with 89 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fort Smith, AR-OK according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,311 degrees awarded

  2. 638 degrees awarded

  3. 184 degrees awarded

$3,840

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Fort Smith, AR-OK institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arkansas-Fort Smith with 1,311 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,051

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,351

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,051 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fort Smith, AR-OK, which is 0.778 times less than the 1,351 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Fort Smith, AR-OK by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,646 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    264 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    176 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fort Smith, AR-OK were to White students. These 1,646 degrees mean that there were 6.23 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 264 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fort Smith, AR-OK was $114,800 in 2017, which is 0.528 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,600 to $114,800, a 10.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Fort Smith, AR-OK is 66%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fort Smith, AR-OK have an average commute time of 20.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fort Smith, AR-OK is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,282

Median Household Income

± $2,443

108k

Number of Households

± 5,312

In 2017, the median household income of the 108k households in Fort Smith, AR-OK declined from $40,282 from the previous year's value of $40,970.

The following chart displays the households in Fort Smith, AR-OK distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$114,800

2017 Median

± $5,009

$103,600

2016 Median

± $5,154

In 2017, the median property value in Fort Smith, AR-OK grew to to $114,800 from the previous year's value of $103,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fort Smith, AR-OK compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fort Smith, AR-OK the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fort Smith, AR-OK distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fort Smith, AR-OK the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66%

2017 Homeownership

64.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66% of the housing units in Fort Smith, AR-OK were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fort Smith, AR-OK compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fort Smith, AR-OK distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fort Smith, AR-OK have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fort Smith, AR-OK have a shorter commute time (20.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.67% of the workforce in Fort Smith, AR-OK have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fort Smith, AR-OK compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.99%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.07%

In 2015, the most common method of travel for workers in Fort Smith, AR-OK was Drove Alone (84.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.99%) and those who Worked At Home (2.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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