Flagstaff, AZ

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Population

138,639

0.416% growth

Median Age

30.6


Median Household Income

$53,523

4.73% growth

Poverty Rate

21%


Number of Employees

65,283

0.0352% growth

Median Property Value

$241,400

4.37% growth

About

In 2017, Flagstaff, AZ had a population of 139k people with a median age of 30.6 and a median household income of $53,523. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Flagstaff, AZ grew from 138,064 to 138,639, a 0.416% increase and its median household income grew from $51,106 to $53,523, a 4.73% increase.

The population of Flagstaff, AZ is 54.3% White Alone, 25.8% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 13.9% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Flagstaff, AZ speak a non-English language, and 97.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Flagstaff, AZ are Northern Arizona University (7,320 degrees awarded in 2016), Coconino Community College (339 degrees), and CollegeAmerica-Flagstaff (46 degrees).

The median property value in Flagstaff, AZ is $241,400, and the homeownership rate is 59.3%. Most people in Flagstaff, AZ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Flagstaff, AZ is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Red rock formations in Sedona, Arizona

Economy

The economy of Flagstaff, AZ employs 65.3k people. The largest industries in Flagstaff, AZ are Educational Services (10,347 people), Accommodation & Food Services (10,274 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,116 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,380), Utilities ($64,545), and Manufacturing ($47,557).

Median household income in Flagstaff, AZ is $53,523. Males in Flagstaff, AZ have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,169. The income inequality in Flagstaff, AZ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,523

2017 value

± $2,500

4.73%

1 Year Growth

± 5.35%

Households in Flagstaff, AZ have a median annual income of $53,523, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,106 in 2016, which represents a 4.73% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Flagstaff, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

$60,619

Average Male Salary

± $1,335

$46,169

Average Female Salary

± $1,026

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arizona made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,397 ± $4,848

  2. White

    $48,861 ± $892

  3. Alaska Native

    $40,845 ± $31,991

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arizona workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Flagstaff, AZ is from Arizona.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.304% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Flagstaff, AZ was Maricopa County, AZ with a value of $62,223, followed by Coconino County, AZ and Pinal County, AZ, with respective values of $54,893 and $52,788.

The following map shows all of the counties in Flagstaff, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Flagstaff, AZ (26.7k out of 127k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,178 ± 848

  2. Native American

    10,880 ± 547

  3. Hispanic

    4,717 ± 495

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Flagstaff, AZ is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

65.3k

2017 Value

± 1,810

0.0352%

1 Year growth

± 3.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Flagstaff, AZ grew at a rate of 0.0352%, from 65.3k employees to 65.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Flagstaff, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,445 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (6,563 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,251 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Flagstaff, AZ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Flagstaff, AZ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,445 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (6,563 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,251 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Flagstaff, AZ has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.77 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.72 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Flagstaff, AZ, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,781), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,041), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($60,545).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

65.3k

2017 Value

± 1,810

0.0352%

1 Year growth

± 3.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Flagstaff, AZ grew at a rate of 0.0352%, from 65.3k employees to 65.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Flagstaff, AZ, are Educational Services (10,347 people), Accommodation & Food Services (10,274 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,116 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Flagstaff, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Flagstaff, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Flagstaff, AZ, by number of employees, are Educational Services (10,347 people), Accommodation & Food Services (10,274 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,116 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Flagstaff, AZ has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (2.07 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.71 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Flagstaff, AZ, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,380), Utilities ($64,545), and Manufacturing ($47,557).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.6B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $16.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $23.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($20.7B) and Electronics ($16.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona state.

$158B

2015 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

83.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arizona trade was $158B. This is expected to increase 83.3% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $21.9B

  2. $8.27B

  3. $4.07B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $21.9B, followed by Texas with $8.27B and New Mexico and $4.07B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.3% of the population of Flagstaff, AZ has health coverage, with 45% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 8.25% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Flagstaff, AZ was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Flagstaff, AZ see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%

Uninsured

45%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

8.25%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Flagstaff, AZ declined by 16.6% from 16.4% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Flagstaff, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Flagstaff, AZ is home to a population of 139k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.74% of Flagstaff, AZ residents were born outside of the country (6.57k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Flagstaff, AZ is composed of 75.3k White Alone residents (54.3%), 35.8k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (25.8%), 19.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.9%), 3.67k Two or More Races residents (2.64%), 2.49k Asian Alone residents (1.8%), 1.73k Black or African American Alone residents (1.25%), 260 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.188%), and 196 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.141%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Flagstaff, AZ are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Flagstaff, AZ was 30.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Flagstaff, AZ are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Flagstaff, AZ residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.57k people

4.83%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.66k people

As of 2017, 4.74% of Flagstaff, AZ residents (6.57k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Flagstaff, AZ was 4.83%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Flagstaff, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    511,535 ± 16,887 people

  2. Canada

    42,113 ± 5,023 people

  3. India

    35,674 ± 4,625 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 511,535 Arizona residents, followed by Canada with 42,113 and India with 35,674.

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Citizenship

97.2%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.2% of Flagstaff, AZ residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Flagstaff, AZ was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Flagstaff, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    75.3k ± 244

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    35.8k ± 505

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    19.3k ± 1.13k

In 2017, there were 2.1 times more White Alone residents (75.3k people) in Flagstaff, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.8k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 19.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Flagstaff, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Flagstaff, AZ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Flagstaff, AZ was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Flagstaff, AZ are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,652 ± 313

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,093 ± 269

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,039 ± 209

Flagstaff, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Flagstaff, AZ awarded 7,727 degrees. The student population of Flagstaff, AZ is skewed towards women, with 13,786 male students and 20,319 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Flagstaff, AZ are White (5,090 and 67.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,378 and 18.2%), Two or More Races (323 and 4.28%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (295 and 3.91%).

The largest universities in Flagstaff, AZ by number of degrees awarded are Northern Arizona University (7,320 and 94.7%), Coconino Community College (339 and 4.39%), and CollegeAmerica-Flagstaff (46 and 0.595%).

The most popular majors in Flagstaff, AZ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (596 and 7.71%), Registered Nursing (499 and 6.46%), and General Business Administration & Management (317 and 4.1%).

The median tuition costs in Flagstaff, AZ are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $8,698 and $15,264 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 591 degrees awarded

  2. 451 degrees awarded

  3. 270 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Flagstaff, AZ was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 591 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Flagstaff, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,320 degrees awarded

  2. 339 degrees awarded

  3. 46 degrees awarded

$8,698

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2016, the Flagstaff, AZ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern Arizona University with 7,320 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,927

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,800

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,927 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Flagstaff, AZ, which is 0.61 times less than the 4,800 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Flagstaff, AZ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,090 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,378 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    323 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Flagstaff, AZ were to White students. These 5,090 degrees mean that there were 3.69 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,378 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Flagstaff, AZ was $241,400 in 2017, which is 1.11 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $231,300 to $241,400, a 4.37% increase. The homeownership rate in Flagstaff, AZ is 59.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Flagstaff, AZ have an average commute time of 17.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Flagstaff, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,523

Median Household Income

± $2,500

47.6k

Number of Households

± 1,479

In 2017, the median household income of the 47.6k households in Flagstaff, AZ grew to $53,523 from the previous year's value of $51,106.

The following chart displays the households in Flagstaff, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$241,400

2017 Median

± $9,243

$231,300

2016 Median

± $7,206

In 2017, the median property value in Flagstaff, AZ grew to to $241,400 from the previous year's value of $231,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Flagstaff, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Flagstaff, AZ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Flagstaff, AZ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Flagstaff, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.3%

2017 Homeownership

59.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.3% of the housing units in Flagstaff, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 59.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Flagstaff, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Flagstaff, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Flagstaff, AZ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Flagstaff, AZ have a shorter commute time (17.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.37% of the workforce in Flagstaff, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Flagstaff, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70%

  2. Carpooled

    11.4%

  3. Walked

    8.57%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Flagstaff, AZ was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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