Etowah County, AL

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Population

103,132

0.223% decline

Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$42,064

3.92% growth

Poverty Rate

17.9%


Number of Employees

41,412

0.308% decline

Median Property Value

$105,100

3.14% growth

About

In 2017, Etowah County, AL had a population of 103k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $42,064. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Etowah County, AL declined from 103,363 to 103,132, a -0.223% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,478 to $42,064, a 3.92% increase.

The population of Etowah County, AL is 78.3% White Alone, 15.4% Black or African American Alone, and 3.68% Hispanic or Latino. 3.4% of the people in Etowah County, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Etowah County, AL are Gadsden State Community College (1,196 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Etowah County, AL is $105,100, and the homeownership rate is 71.9%. Most people in Etowah County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Etowah County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Etowah County, AL employs 41.4k people. The largest industries in Etowah County, AL are Manufacturing (7,681 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,497 people), and Retail Trade (4,850 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,028), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,136), and Information ($46,426).

Median household income in Etowah County, AL is $42,064. Males in Etowah County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Etowah County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,064

2017 value

± $1,487

3.92%

1 Year Growth

± 4.92%

Households in Etowah County, AL have a median annual income of $42,064, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,478 in 2016, which represents a 3.92% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Etowah County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Etowah County, AL made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Etowah County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Etowah County, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Etowah County, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Etowah County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 105.01

  2. Census Tract 11

  3. Census Tract 104.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Etowah County, AL was Census Tract 105.01 with a value of $66,346, followed by Census Tract 11 and Census Tract 104.02, with respective values of $62,457 and $53,213.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Etowah County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Etowah County, AL (18.2k out of 102k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,127 ± 757

  2. Black

    4,806 ± 454

  3. Hispanic

    1,227 ± 214

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Etowah County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

41.4k

2017 Value

± 1,421

-0.308%

1 Year decline

± 4.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Etowah County, AL declined at a rate of -0.308%, from 41.5k employees to 41.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Etowah County, AL, are Production Occupations (5,064 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,796 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,233 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Etowah County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Etowah County, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (5,064 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,796 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,233 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Etowah County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.11 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.46 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Etowah County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,875), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($60,625), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($59,325).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

41.4k

2017 Value

± 1,421

-0.308%

1 Year decline

± 4.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Etowah County, AL declined at a rate of -0.308%, from 41.5k employees to 41.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Etowah County, AL, are Manufacturing (7,681 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,497 people), and Retail Trade (4,850 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Etowah County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Etowah County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Etowah County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (7,681 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,497 people), and Retail Trade (4,850 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Etowah County, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.83 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.31 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.13 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Etowah County, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,028), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,136), and Information ($46,426).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.3% of the population of Etowah County, AL has health coverage, with 41.2% on employee plans, 18% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Etowah County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Etowah County, AL see 1227 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.18% decrease from the previous year (1294 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1972 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1080 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,227 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Etowah County, AL see an average of 1,227 patients per year. This represents a 5.18% decrease from the previous year (1,294 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Etowah County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.7%

Uninsured

41.2%

Employer Coverage

18%

Medicaid

13.4%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

1.68%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Etowah County, AL declined by 2.88% from 12.1% to 11.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Etowah County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Etowah County, AL is home to a population of 103k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.89% of Etowah County, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Etowah County, AL is composed of 80.8k White Alone residents (78.3%), 15.8k Black or African American Alone residents (15.4%), 3.79k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.68%), 1.38k Two or More Races residents (1.33%), 706 Asian Alone residents (0.685%), 503 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.488%), 86 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0834%), and 71 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0688%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Etowah County, AL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,327 speakers), Chinese (220 speakers), and Gujarati (101 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Etowah County, AL was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Etowah County, AL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Etowah County, AL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.89%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.89% of Etowah County, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Etowah County, AL was 2.88%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Etowah County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Etowah County, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Etowah County, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Etowah County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Etowah County, AL was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Etowah County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    80.8k ± 103

  2. Black or African American Alone

    15.8k ± 191

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.79k ± 521

In 2017, there were 5.1 times more White Alone residents (80.8k people) in Etowah County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.8k Black or African American Alone and 3.79k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Etowah County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,327 speakers (2.38%)

  2. Chinese

    220 speakers (0.225%)

  3. Gujarati

    101 speakers (0.103%)

3.4% of Etowah County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Etowah County, AL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.38% of the overall population of Etowah County, AL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.225% speak Chinese and 0.103% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,739 ± 284

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,232 ± 289

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,089 ± 249

Etowah County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Etowah County, AL awarded 1,196 degrees. The student population of Etowah County, AL is skewed towards women, with 2,083 male students and 3,026 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Etowah County, AL are White (878 and 74.9%), followed by Black or African American (195 and 16.6%), Hispanic or Latino (36 and 3.07%), and Two or More Races (24 and 2.05%).

The largest universities in Etowah County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Gadsden State Community College (1,196 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Etowah County, AL are Industrial Mechanics & Maintenance Technology (241 and 20.2%), General Studies (204 and 17.1%), and Registered Nursing (83 and 6.94%).

The median tuition costs in Etowah County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 204 degrees awarded

  2. 83 degrees awarded

  3. 46 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Etowah County, AL was General Studies with 204 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Etowah County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,196 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Etowah County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Gadsden State Community College with 1,196 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

669

Degrees Awarded to Men

527

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 669 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Etowah County, AL, which is 1.27 times more than the 527 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Etowah County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    878 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    195 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    36 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Etowah County, AL were to White students. These 878 degrees mean that there were 4.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 195 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Etowah County, AL was $105,100 in 2017, which is 0.483 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $101,900 to $105,100, a 3.14% increase. The homeownership rate in Etowah County, AL is 71.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Etowah County, AL have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Etowah County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,064

Median Household Income

± $1,487

39.1k

Number of Households

± 1,279

In 2017, the median household income of the 39.1k households in Etowah County, AL grew to $42,064 from the previous year's value of $40,478.

The following chart displays the households in Etowah County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$105,100

2017 Median

± $3,137

$101,900

2016 Median

± $3,604

In 2017, the median property value in Etowah County, AL grew to to $105,100 from the previous year's value of $101,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Etowah County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Etowah County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Etowah County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Etowah County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.9%

2017 Homeownership

71%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.9% of the housing units in Etowah County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Etowah County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Etowah County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Etowah County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Etowah County, AL have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.59% of the workforce in Etowah County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Etowah County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.17%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Etowah County, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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