Essex County, NY

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Population

38,233

0.946% decline

Median Age

46.7


Median Household Income

$55,294

3.85% growth

Poverty Rate

8.9%


Number of Employees

17,544

0.764% growth

Median Property Value

$146,900

1.94% growth

About

In 2017, Essex County, NY had a population of 38.2k people with a median age of 46.7 and a median household income of $55,294. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Essex County, NY declined from 38,598 to 38,233, a -0.946% decrease and its median household income grew from $53,244 to $55,294, a 3.85% increase.

The population of Essex County, NY is 91.8% White Alone, 3.21% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.93% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Essex County, NY speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Essex County, NY are North Country Community College (329 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Essex County, NY is $146,900, and the homeownership rate is 76%. Most people in Essex County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Adirondak Park hike in North Elba, NY

Economy

The economy of Essex County, NY employs 17.5k people. The largest industries in Essex County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,064 people), Educational Services (2,045 people), and Retail Trade (2,032 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,732), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,556), and Public Administration ($50,242).

Median household income in Essex County, NY is $55,294. Males in Essex County, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Essex County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,294

2017 value

± $2,424

3.85%

1 Year Growth

± 5.81%

Households in Essex County, NY have a median annual income of $55,294, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,244 in 2016, which represents a 3.85% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Essex County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Essex County, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9603

  2. Census Tract 9604.98

  3. Census Tract 9601

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County, NY was Census Tract 9603 with a value of $61,786, followed by Census Tract 9604.98 and Census Tract 9601, with respective values of $59,489 and $56,548.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Essex County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County, NY (3.17k out of 35.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,861 ± 305

  2. Hispanic

    158 ± 103

  3. Two Or More

    110 ± 83

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17.5k

2017 Value

± 760

0.764%

1 Year growth

± 6.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Essex County, NY grew at a rate of 0.764%, from 17.4k employees to 17.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,012 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,850 people), and Management Occupations (1,632 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Essex County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,012 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,850 people), and Management Occupations (1,632 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Essex County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.96 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.64 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Essex County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($72,760), Legal Occupations ($67,875), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,318).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17.5k

2017 Value

± 760

0.764%

1 Year growth

± 6.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Essex County, NY grew at a rate of 0.764%, from 17.4k employees to 17.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,064 people), Educational Services (2,045 people), and Retail Trade (2,032 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Essex County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Essex County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,064 people), Educational Services (2,045 people), and Retail Trade (2,032 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Essex County, NY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.99 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.66 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.48 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Essex County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,732), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,556), and Public Administration ($50,242).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.8% of the population of Essex County, NY has health coverage, with 47.4% on employee plans, 16.2% on Medicaid, 16.3% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.67% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Essex County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NY see 2565 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.17% decrease from the previous year (2763 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2931 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 693 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,565 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NY see an average of 2,565 patients per year. This represents a 7.17% decrease from the previous year (2,763 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.2%

Uninsured

47.4%

Employer Coverage

16.2%

Medicaid

16.3%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.67%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Essex County, NY declined by 23.6% from 6.81% to 5.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Essex County, NY is home to a population of 38.2k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.98% of Essex County, NY residents were born outside of the country (1.14k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Essex County, NY is composed of 35.1k White Alone residents (91.8%), 1.23k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.21%), 1.12k Black or African American Alone residents (2.93%), 483 Two or More Races residents (1.26%), 173 Asian Alone residents (0.452%), 79 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.207%), 54 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.141%), and 9 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0235%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Essex County, NY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

47

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

53

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Essex County, NY was 46.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 53. But people in Essex County, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Essex County, NY residents was 46.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.98%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.14k people

3.28%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.27k people

As of 2017, 2.98% of Essex County, NY residents (1.14k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Essex County, NY was 3.28%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Essex County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 New York residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Essex County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Essex County, NY was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    35.1k ± 51

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.23k ± 216

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.12k ± 108

In 2017, there were 28.6 times more White Alone residents (35.1k people) in Essex County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.23k Hispanic or Latino and 1.12k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Essex County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Essex County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Essex County, NY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Essex County, NY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,109 ± 146

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    294 ± 106

  3. Korea

    252 ± 77

Essex County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.77 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Essex County, NY awarded 329 degrees. The student population of Essex County, NY is skewed towards women, with 700 male students and 1,231 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Essex County, NY are White (296 and 90.5%), followed by Black or African American (13 and 3.98%), Two or More Races (9 and 2.75%), and Hispanic or Latino (4 and 1.22%).

The largest universities in Essex County, NY by number of degrees awarded are North Country Community College (329 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Essex County, NY are Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (87 and 26.4%), Registered Nursing (62 and 18.8%), and Humanistic Studies (24 and 7.29%).

The median tuition costs in Essex County, NY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 62 degrees awarded

  2. 24 degrees awarded

  3. 18 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Essex County, NY was Registered Nursing with 62 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Essex County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

329 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Essex County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was North Country Community College with 329 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

79

Degrees Awarded to Men

250

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 79 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Essex County, NY, which is 0.316 times less than the 250 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Essex County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    296 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    13 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    9 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Essex County, NY were to White students. These 296 degrees mean that there were 22.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 13 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Essex County, NY was $146,900 in 2017, which is 0.675 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $144,100 to $146,900, a 1.94% increase. The homeownership rate in Essex County, NY is 76%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Essex County, NY have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Essex County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,294

Median Household Income

± $2,424

15.3k

Number of Households

± 654

In 2017, the median household income of the 15.3k households in Essex County, NY grew to $55,294 from the previous year's value of $53,244.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$146,900

2017 Median

± $6,844

$144,100

2016 Median

± $7,107

In 2017, the median property value in Essex County, NY grew to to $146,900 from the previous year's value of $144,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Essex County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Essex County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

76%

2017 Homeownership

74%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 76% of the housing units in Essex County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Essex County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County, NY have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.38% of the workforce in Essex County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.14%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Essex County, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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