Española, NM

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
38,962
0.503% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
41.5
0.484% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
22.8%
5.3% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$42,264
5.79% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$172,900
3.35% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
14,433
2.34% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Española, NM had a population of 39k people with a median age of 41.5 and a median household income of $42,264. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Española, NM declined from 39,159 to 38,962, a −0.503% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,952 to $42,264, a 5.79% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM are White (Hispanic) (36.9%), Other (Hispanic) (25.7%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (14.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (12.1%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (7.07%).

None of the households in Española, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Española, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Española, NM are Northern New Mexico College (174 degrees awarded in 2020).

In 2020, the median property value in Española, NM was $172,900, and the homeownership rate was 76.7%.

Most people in Española, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Española, NM was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Española, NM is home to a population of 39k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.51% of Española, NM residents were born outside of the country (1.76k people).

In 2020, there were 1.44 times more White (Hispanic) residents (14.4k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10k Other (Hispanic) and 5.53k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.5%
2020 Citizenship
97.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97.5% of Española, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Española, NM was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM
  1. White (Hispanic)
    14.4k ± 1.06k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    10k ± 1.06k
  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    5.53k ± 95
71.4%
Hispanic Population
27.8k people

In 2020, there were 1.44 times more White (Hispanic) residents (14.4k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10k Other (Hispanic) and 5.53k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

71.4% of the people in Española, NM are hispanic (27.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Española, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    131,978 ± 8,634 people
  2. Philippines
    5,612 ± 1,837 people
  3. Germany
    4,972 ± 1,729 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 131,978 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,612 and Germany with 4,972.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.51%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.76k people
4.19%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.64k people

As of 2020, 4.51% of Española, NM residents (1.76k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Española, NM was 4.19%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    866 ± 224
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    319 ± 135
  3. Korea
    208 ± 106

Española, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.71 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Española, NM employs 14.4k people. The largest industries in Española, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,173 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,172 people), and Public Administration (1,595 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,803), Utilities ($66,458), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,188).

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,133. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

14.4k
2020 Value
± 949
2.34%
1 Year growth
± 8.99%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Española, NM grew at a rate of 2.34%, from 14.1k employees to 14.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Española, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,900 people), Management Occupations (1,393 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,199 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Española, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

14.4k
2020 Value
± 949
2.34%
1 Year growth
± 8.99%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Española, NM grew at a rate of 2.34%, from 14.1k employees to 14.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Española, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,173 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,172 people), and Public Administration (1,595 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Española, NM, though some of these residents may live in Española, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,175
Median earning men ± $4,093
$31,356
Median earning women ± $2,250

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Information ($66,875), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($65,389), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($48,694).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($58,446), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($40,632), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($40,417).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 277
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 126
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 114
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $115k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $45.7k
    Arts, Entertainment & Recreation and Accommodation & Food Services
  3. $39.7k
    Retail Trade

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $14.6B
  2. $8.89B
  3. $8.24B

In 2020, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Electronics with $14.6B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($8.89B) and Crude petroleum ($8.24B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico.
$68.4B
2020 Value in New Mexico
$117B
Projected 2050 Value in New Mexico
71.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $68.4B. This is expected to increase 71.8% to $117B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $19.7B
  2. $5.99B
  3. $3.03B

In 2020, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $19.7B, followed by Arizona with $5.99B and Louisiana and $3.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Española, NM awarded 174 degrees. The student population of Española, NM in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 501 male students and 733 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Española, NM are Hispanic or Latino (130 and 75.1%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (17 and 9.83%), White (16 and 9.25%), and Asian (4 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Española, NM by number of degrees awarded are Northern New Mexico College (174 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Española, NM are General Business Administration & Management (21 and 12.1%), Elementary Education & Teaching (20 and 11.5%), and Registered Nursing (20 and 11.5%).

The median tuition cost in Española, NM for a public four year colleges is $3,447 for in-state students and $12,171 for out-of-state students.

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 1,234 students enrolled in Española, NM, 40.6% men and 59.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 831 records, of which 61.5% were women and 38.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 12 degree-majors awarded
  2. 8 degree-majors awarded
  3. 16 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Española, NM was General Business Administration & Management with 12 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Española, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
174 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern New Mexico College with 174 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 42 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Española, NM, which is 0.318 times less than the 132 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 130 degrees mean that there were 7.65 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 17 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 4-year or above ($3,447) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,505) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Measure

In 2020, 0.928% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.791% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (443k), Some college (406k), and Secondary Education (260k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Española, NM was $172,900 in 2020, which is 0.752 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $167,300 to $172,900, a 3.35% increase. The homeownership rate in Española, NM is 76.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Española, NM have an average commute time of 28.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Española, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Española, NM is $42,264. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Española, NM was Los Alamos County, NM with a value of $119,266, followed by Sandoval County, NM and Eddy County, NM, with respective values of $65,071 and $65,000.

Property

$172,900
Median Property Value 2020
±$7,057
$10,001
Median Property Taxes
±$686

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Española, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

76.7%
Homeownership
2020
69.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 76.7% of the housing units in Española, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 76.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Española, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Española, NM was Los Alamos County, NM with a value of $119,266, followed by Sandoval County, NM and Eddy County, NM, with respective values of $65,071 and $65,000.

The following map shows all of the counties in Española, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$42,264
Median Household Income
± $3,387
13k
Number of Households
± 813

In 2020, the median household income of the 13k households in Española, NM grew to $42,264 from the previous year's value of $39,952.

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Española, NM is from New Mexico.
0.461
2020 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.462
2019 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2020, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.2% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (84.7%)
  2. Carpooled (7.11%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.85%)

In 2020, 84.7% of workers in Española, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.11%) and those who worked at home (3.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

28.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Española, NM have a longer commute time (28.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.86% of the workforce in Española, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Española, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Española, NM (8.82k out of 38.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Española, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

91.1% of the population of Española, NM has health coverage, with 35.5% on employee plans, 31.4% on Medicaid, 15.8% on Medicare, 6.99% on non-group plans, and 1.34% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Mexico was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1336 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.224% decrease from the previous year (1339 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1437 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 248 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
1,336 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Mexico

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,336 patients per year. This represents a 0.224% decrease from the previous year (1,339 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.6% under 18 years, 17.9% between 18 and 34 years, 38.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.95%
Uninsured
35.5%
Employer Coverage
31.4%
Medicaid
15.8%
Medicare
6.99%
Non-Group
1.34%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Española, NM declined by 2.06% from 9.14% to 8.95%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Española, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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