Escambia County, FL

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Population

313,512

0.531% decline

Median Age

36.7


Median Household Income

$48,631

8.58% growth

Poverty Rate

14.6%


Number of Employees

138,930

3.84% growth

Median Property Value

$143,900

9.85% growth

About

In 2017, Escambia County, FL had a population of 314k people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $48,631. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Escambia County, FL declined from 315,187 to 313,512, a -0.531% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,788 to $48,631, a 8.58% increase.

The population of Escambia County, FL is 64.2% White Alone, 21.3% Black or African American Alone, and 5.65% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Escambia County, FL speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Escambia County, FL are The University of West Florida (3,292 degrees awarded in 2016), Pensacola State College (2,287 degrees), and George Stone Technical Center (357 degrees).

The median property value in Escambia County, FL is $143,900, and the homeownership rate is 60.9%. Most people in Escambia County, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Escambia County, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Perdido Key high angle

Economy

The economy of Escambia County, FL employs 139k people. The largest industries in Escambia County, FL are Retail Trade (24,376 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (18,576 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (15,208 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,950), Utilities ($60,127), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,740).

Median household income in Escambia County, FL is $48,631. Males in Escambia County, FL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,343. The income inequality in Escambia County, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,631

2017 value

± $2,800

8.58%

1 Year Growth

± 9.15%

Households in Escambia County, FL have a median annual income of $48,631, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,788 in 2016, which represents a 8.58% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Escambia County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Florida.

$60,114

Average Male Salary

± $840

$45,343

Average Female Salary

± $594

In 2017, full-time male employees in Escambia County, FL made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Escambia County, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,204 ± $3,403

  2. Alaska Native

    $49,633 ± $34,468

  3. White

    $49,322 ± $566

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Escambia County, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Escambia County, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Escambia County, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.211% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 25

  2. Census Tract 26.02

  3. Census Tract 26.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Escambia County, FL was Census Tract 25 with a value of $97,470, followed by Census Tract 26.02 and Census Tract 26.01, with respective values of $80,769 and $72,593.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Escambia County, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Escambia County, FL (42.5k out of 291k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    19,514 ± 1,059

  2. Black

    16,811 ± 1,192

  3. Two Or More

    3,610 ± 654

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Escambia County, FL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

139k

2017 Value

± 6,778

3.84%

1 Year growth

± 6.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Escambia County, FL grew at a rate of 3.84%, from 134k employees to 139k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Escambia County, FL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (8,731 people), Cashiers (6,265 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (5,427 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Escambia County, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Escambia County, FL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (8,731 people), Cashiers (6,265 people), and Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (5,427 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Escambia County, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing & Hunting, & Forest, Conservation, & Logging Workers (2.72 times higher than expected), Nurses, All Other (2.65 times), and Air Transportation Workers (2.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Escambia County, FL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($66,470), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,142), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($61,488).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

139k

2017 Value

± 6,778

3.84%

1 Year growth

± 6.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Escambia County, FL grew at a rate of 3.84%, from 134k employees to 139k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Escambia County, FL, are Retail Trade (24,376 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (18,576 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (15,208 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Escambia County, FL, though some of these residents may live in Escambia County, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Escambia County, FL, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (24,376 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (18,576 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (15,208 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Escambia County, FL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.08 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.58 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.48 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Escambia County, FL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,950), Utilities ($60,127), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,740).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.5% of the population of Escambia County, FL has health coverage, with 38% on employee plans, 18.6% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 17.8% on non-group plans, and 5.12% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Escambia County, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Escambia County, FL see 1532 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.906% decrease from the previous year (1546 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1722 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 612 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1532 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Escambia County, FL see an average of 1532 patients per year. This represents a 0.906% decrease from the previous year (1546 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Escambia County, FL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.47%

Uninsured

38%

Employer Coverage

18.6%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

17.8%

Non-Group

5.12%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Escambia County, FL grew by 2.6% from 9.23% to 9.47%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Escambia County, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Escambia County, FL is home to a population of 314k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.78% of Escambia County, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Escambia County, FL is composed of 201k White Alone residents (64.2%), 66.8k Black or African American Alone residents (21.3%), 17.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.65%), 16.3k Two or More Races residents (5.19%), 8.92k Asian Alone residents (2.85%), 1.56k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.497%), 642 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.205%), and 424 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.135%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Escambia County, FL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Escambia County, FL was 36.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Escambia County, FL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Escambia County, FL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.66%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.78% of Escambia County, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Escambia County, FL was 4.66%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Escambia County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    984,212 ± 23,779 people

  2. Haiti

    353,866 ± 14,481 people

  3. Colombia

    274,220 ± 12,772 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Escambia County, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 984,212 Escambia County, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 353,866 and Colombia with 274,220.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Escambia County, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Escambia County, FL was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Escambia County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    201k ± 473

  2. Black or African American Alone

    66.8k ± 3.07k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    17.7k ± 3.29k

In 2017, there were 3.01 times more White Alone residents (201k people) in Escambia County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 66.8k Black or African American Alone and 17.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Escambia County, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Escambia County, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Escambia County, FL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Escambia County, FL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,466 ± 1,148

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    9,282 ± 1,881

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,561 ± 1,151

Escambia County, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Escambia County, FL awarded 6,605 degrees. The student population of Escambia County, FL is skewed towards women, with 9,604 male students and 14,599 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Escambia County, FL are White (4,445 and 68.9%), followed by Black or African American (914 and 14.2%), Hispanic or Latino (474 and 7.35%), and Two or More Races (288 and 4.46%).

The largest universities in Escambia County, FL by number of degrees awarded are The University of West Florida (3,292 and 49.8%), Pensacola State College (2,287 and 34.6%), and George Stone Technical Center (357 and 5.4%).

The most popular majors in Escambia County, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,373 and 20.8%), Registered Nursing (553 and 8.37%), and Medical Assistant (253 and 3.83%).

The median tuition costs in Escambia County, FL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $2,893 and $12,106 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 268 degrees awarded

  2. 178 degrees awarded

  3. 127 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Escambia County, FL was Registered Nursing with 268 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Escambia County, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,292 degrees awarded

  2. 2,287 degrees awarded

  3. 357 degrees awarded

$2,893

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Escambia County, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of West Florida with 3,292 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,398

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,207

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,398 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Escambia County, FL, which is 0.57 times less than the 4,207 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Escambia County, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,445 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    914 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    474 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Escambia County, FL were to White students. These 4,445 degrees mean that there were 4.86 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 914 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Escambia County, FL was $143,900 in 2017, which is 0.661 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $131,000 to $143,900, a 9.85% increase. The homeownership rate in Escambia County, FL is 60.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Escambia County, FL have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Escambia County, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,631

Median Household Income

± $2,800

122k

Number of Households

± 5,835

In 2017, the median household income of the 122k households in Escambia County, FL grew to $48,631 from the previous year's value of $44,788.

The following chart displays the households in Escambia County, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$143,900

2017 Median

± $7,686

$131,000

2016 Median

± $7,141

In 2017, the median property value in Escambia County, FL grew to to $143,900 from the previous year's value of $131,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Escambia County, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Escambia County, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Escambia County, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Escambia County, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

60.9%

2017 Homeownership

61.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 60.9% of the housing units in Escambia County, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Escambia County, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Escambia County, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Escambia County, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Escambia County, FL have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.85% of the workforce in Escambia County, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Escambia County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.37%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Escambia County, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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