Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA

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Population

174,549

0.722% growth

Median Age

36.4


Median Household Income

$62,180

3.37% growth

Poverty Rate

8.88%


Number of Employees

77,636

1.02% growth

Median Property Value

$206,300

0.88% growth

About

In 2017, Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA had a population of 175k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $62,180. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA grew from 173,298 to 174,549, a 0.722% increase and its median household income grew from $60,152 to $62,180, a 3.37% increase.

The population of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is 92.1% White Alone, 4.46% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.33% Asian Alone. 22.1% of the people in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is $206,300, and the homeownership rate is 72.8%. Most people in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA employs 77.6k people. The largest industries in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA are Construction (8,181 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,831 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,767 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer Systems Design ($113,314), Motor vehicle & motor vehicle parts & supplies merchant wholesalers ($111,392), and National security & international affairs ($110,038).

Median household income in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is $62,180. Males in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,215. The income inequality in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,180

2017 value

± $1,057

3.37%

1 Year Growth

± 2.6%

Households in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $62,180, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,152 in 2016, which represents a 3.37% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$54,433

Average Male Salary

± $5,831

$40,215

Average Female Salary

± $6,007

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $43,869 ± $61,443

  2. Asian

    $41,514 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $41,194 ± $3,774

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.428

2017 Wage GINI

0.423

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.22% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.88% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA (15.4k out of 173k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    14,489 ± 860

  2. Hispanic

    1,610 ± 397

  3. Black

    364 ± 162

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

77.6k

2017 Value

1.02%

1 Year growth

± 1.02%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 76.9k employees to 77.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,984 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,261 people), and Miscellaneous managers (2,077 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,984 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,261 people), and Miscellaneous managers (2,077 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous woodworkers, including model makers & patternmakers (25.5 times higher than expected), Cement masons, concrete finishers, & terrazzo workers (10.2 times), and Dredge, excavating, & loading machine operators (9.82 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($259,388), Chief executives & legislators ($171,114), and Sales representatives, services, all other ($106,628).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

77.6k

2017 Value

1.02%

1 Year growth

± 1.02%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 76.9k employees to 77.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, are Construction (8,181 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,831 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,767 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Construction (8,181 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,831 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,767 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Prefabricated wood buildings & mobile homes (17.9 times higher than expected), Agricultural implement manufacturing (9.05 times), and Seafood & other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. (7.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Computer Systems Design ($113,314), Motor vehicle & motor vehicle parts & supplies merchant wholesalers ($111,392), and National security & international affairs ($110,038).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is home to a population of 175k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is composed of 161k White Alone residents (92.1%), 7.79k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.46%), 2.33k Asian Alone residents (1.33%), 1.88k Black or African American Alone residents (1.08%), 1.57k Two or More Races residents (0.902%), 199 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.114%), 45 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0258%), and 7 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00401%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA are Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (23,857 speakers), Spanish (4,617 speakers), and German (3,588 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was 36.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

3.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

5.4k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was 3.11%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    503 ± 550 people

  2. Mexico

    443 ± 516 people

  3. Iraq

    351 ± 460 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was India, the natal country of 503 Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA residents, followed by Mexico with 443 and Iraq with 351.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

98.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    161k ± 1.1k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    7.79k ± 1.1k

  3. Asian Alone

    2.33k ± 580

In 2017, there were 20.6 times more White Alone residents (161k people) in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.79k Hispanic or Latino and 2.33k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    23,857 speakers (14.8%)

  2. Spanish

    4,617 speakers (2.87%)

  3. German

    3,588 speakers (2.23%)

22.1% of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages. 14.8% of the overall population of Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA are native Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages speakers. 2.87% speak Spanish and 2.23% speak Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,073 ± 265

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    991 ± 233

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    978 ± 237

Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was $206,300 in 2017, which is 0.948 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $204,500 to $206,300, a 0.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is 72.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,180

Median Household Income

± $1,057

59.8k

Number of Households

± 1,481

In 2017, the median household income of the 59.8k households in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA grew to $62,180 from the previous year's value of $60,152.

The following chart displays the households in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$206,300

2017 Median

± $2,893

$204,500

2016 Median

± $3,021

In 2017, the median property value in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA grew to to $206,300 from the previous year's value of $204,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

72.8%

2017 Homeownership

73.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.8% of the housing units in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.51% of the workforce in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.2%

  2. Carpooled

    13.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.84%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ephrata Borough PUMA, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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