Ellis County, KS

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Population

28,877

0.534% decline

Median Age

32


Median Household Income

$49,562

1.15% decline

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Number of Employees

15,862

1.37% decline

Median Property Value

$159,400

2.25% growth

About

In 2017, Ellis County, KS had a population of 28.9k people with a median age of 32 and a median household income of $49,562. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ellis County, KS declined from 29,032 to 28,877, a -0.534% decrease and its median household income declined from $50,140 to $49,562, a -1.15% decrease.

The population of Ellis County, KS is 90.2% White Alone, 5.57% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.62% Two or More Races. 7.13% of the people in Ellis County, KS speak a non-English language, and 98% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ellis County, KS are Fort Hays State University (3,387 degrees awarded in 2016) and Hays Academy of Hair Design (44 degrees).

The median property value in Ellis County, KS is $159,400, and the homeownership rate is 61.9%. Most people in Ellis County, KS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 12.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Ellis County, KS is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Ellis County, KS employs 15.9k people. The largest industries in Ellis County, KS are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,665 people), Educational Services (2,303 people), and Retail Trade (1,765 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($72,679), Wholesale Trade ($53,491), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,000).

Median household income in Ellis County, KS is $49,562. Males in Ellis County, KS have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,397. The income inequality in Ellis County, KS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,562

2017 value

± $3,498

-1.15%

1 Year Growth

± 9.55%

Households in Ellis County, KS have a median annual income of $49,562, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,140 in 2016, which represents a -1.15% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ellis County, KS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kansas.

$60,808

Average Male Salary

± $1,876

$43,397

Average Female Salary

± $1,361

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ellis County, KS made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ellis County, KS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $49,738 ± $7,478

  2. White

    $46,915 ± $1,173

  3. American Indian

    $42,999 ± $12,605

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ellis County, KS workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ellis County, KS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ellis County, KS is from Kansas.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kansas was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.417% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 726

  2. Census Tract 730

  3. Census Tract 728

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ellis County, KS was Census Tract 726 with a value of $55,774, followed by Census Tract 730 and Census Tract 728, with respective values of $53,813 and $50,724.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ellis County, KS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ellis County, KS (4.63k out of 27.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,015 ± 449

  2. Hispanic

    526 ± 223

  3. Two Or More

    247 ± 170

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ellis County, KS is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.9k

2017 Value

± 890

-1.37%

1 Year decline

± 8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ellis County, KS declined at a rate of -1.37%, from 16.1k employees to 15.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ellis County, KS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,310 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,783 people), and Management Occupations (1,388 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ellis County, KS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ellis County, KS, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,310 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,783 people), and Management Occupations (1,388 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ellis County, KS has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (1.63 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.38 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ellis County, KS, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,607), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,774), and Management Occupations ($54,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.9k

2017 Value

± 890

-1.37%

1 Year decline

± 8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ellis County, KS declined at a rate of -1.37%, from 16.1k employees to 15.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ellis County, KS, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,665 people), Educational Services (2,303 people), and Retail Trade (1,765 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ellis County, KS, though some of these residents may live in Ellis County, KS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ellis County, KS, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,665 people), Educational Services (2,303 people), and Retail Trade (1,765 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ellis County, KS has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.16 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.96 times), and Utilities (1.72 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ellis County, KS, by median earnings, are Utilities ($72,679), Wholesale Trade ($53,491), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kansas to other states, or from other states to Kansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.8B

  2. $24.1B

  3. $22B

In 2015, the top outbound Kansas product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.8B, followed by Cereal grains with $24.1B and Coal-n.e.c. and $22B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kansas state.

$245B

2015 Value

$357B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kansas trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $357B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kansas to other states, or from other states to Kansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.9B

  2. $18.4B

  3. $17.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Missouri with $25.9B, followed by Texas with $18.4B and Nebraska and $17.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.3% of the population of Ellis County, KS has health coverage, with 56.1% on employee plans, 8.61% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 0.872% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ellis County, KS was $7,651 in 2014. This is a 2.99% increase from the previous year ($7,429).

Primary care physicians in Ellis County, KS see 1613 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.63% increase from the previous year (1527 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1032 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 380 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Allen County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Morris County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,613 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ellis County, KS see an average of 1,613 patients per year. This represents a 5.63% increase from the previous year (1,527 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ellis County, KS in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kansas.

$7,651

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,855

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,736

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,126

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.99%, from $7,429 to $7,651.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.68%

Uninsured

56.1%

Employer Coverage

8.61%

Medicaid

11.2%

Medicare

16.5%

Non-Group

0.872%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ellis County, KS declined by 19.4% from 8.29% to 6.68%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ellis County, KS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.2% prevalence

  3. 14% prevalence

Allen County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kansas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ellis County, KS is home to a population of 28.9k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.99% of Ellis County, KS residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Ellis County, KS is composed of 26k White Alone residents (90.2%), 1.61k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.57%), 467 Two or More Races residents (1.62%), 404 Asian Alone residents (1.4%), 269 Black or African American Alone residents (0.932%), 53 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.184%), 25 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0866%), and 9 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0312%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ellis County, KS are Spanish or Spanish Creole (996 speakers), German (370 speakers), and Chinese (246 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

25

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ellis County, KS was 32. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 25. But people in Ellis County, KS are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Ellis County, KS residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.99%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.99% of Ellis County, KS residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ellis County, KS was 3.45%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ellis County, KS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    85,360 ± 7,067 people

  2. India

    11,676 ± 2,648 people

  3. Vietnam

    10,096 ± 2,463 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ellis County, KS was Mexico, the natal country of 85,360 Ellis County, KS residents, followed by India with 11,676 and Vietnam with 10,096.

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Citizenship

98%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98% of Ellis County, KS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ellis County, KS was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ellis County, KS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    26k ± 18

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.61k ± 326

  3. Two or More Races

    467 ± 161

In 2017, there were 16.2 times more White Alone residents (26k people) in Ellis County, KS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.61k Hispanic or Latino and 467 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ellis County, KS as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    996 speakers (3.68%)

  2. German

    370 speakers (1.37%)

  3. Chinese

    246 speakers (0.909%)

7.13% of Ellis County, KS citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Ellis County, KS was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.68% of the overall population of Ellis County, KS are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.37% speak German and 0.909% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    583 ± 126

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    256 ± 117

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    211 ± 93

Ellis County, KS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ellis County, KS awarded 3,431 degrees. The student population of Ellis County, KS is skewed towards women, with 5,720 male students and 9,000 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ellis County, KS are White (1,884 and 83.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (157 and 6.99%), Black or African American (87 and 3.87%), and Two or More Races (48 and 2.14%).

The largest universities in Ellis County, KS by number of degrees awarded are Fort Hays State University (3,387 and 98.7%) and Hays Academy of Hair Design (44 and 1.28%).

The most popular majors in Ellis County, KS are General Business Administration & Management (557 and 16.2%), Other Business, Management, Marketing, & Related Support Services (545 and 15.9%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (414 and 12.1%).

The median tuition costs in Ellis County, KS are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,789 and $13,331 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ellis County, KS was General Business Administration & Management with 501 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ellis County, KS according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,387 degrees awarded

  2. 44 degrees awarded

$3,789

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Ellis County, KS institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fort Hays State University with 3,387 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,295

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,136

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,295 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ellis County, KS, which is 0.606 times less than the 2,136 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ellis County, KS by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,884 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    157 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    87 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ellis County, KS were to White students. These 1,884 degrees mean that there were 12 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 157 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ellis County, KS was $159,400 in 2017, which is 0.733 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $155,900 to $159,400, a 2.25% increase. The homeownership rate in Ellis County, KS is 61.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ellis County, KS have an average commute time of 12.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ellis County, KS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,562

Median Household Income

± $3,498

11.6k

Number of Households

± 704

In 2017, the median household income of the 11.6k households in Ellis County, KS declined from $49,562 from the previous year's value of $50,140.

The following chart displays the households in Ellis County, KS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$159,400

2017 Median

± $5,107

$155,900

2016 Median

± $4,354

In 2017, the median property value in Ellis County, KS grew to to $159,400 from the previous year's value of $155,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ellis County, KS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellis County, KS the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ellis County, KS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellis County, KS the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

61.9%

2017 Homeownership

63.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.9% of the housing units in Ellis County, KS were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ellis County, KS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ellis County, KS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ellis County, KS have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

12.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ellis County, KS have a shorter commute time (12.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.55% of the workforce in Ellis County, KS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ellis County, KS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.6%

  2. Carpooled

    6.12%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.59%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ellis County, KS was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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