Ellensburg, WA

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Population

43,726

2.2% growth

Median Age

33.3


Median Household Income

$53,163

11% growth

Poverty Rate

19.6%


Number of Employees

20,901

3.88% growth

Median Property Value

$256,700

4.22% growth

About

In 2017, Ellensburg, WA had a population of 43.7k people with a median age of 33.3 and a median household income of $53,163. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ellensburg, WA grew from 42,785 to 43,726, a 2.2% increase and its median household income grew from $47,898 to $53,163, a 11% increase.

The population of Ellensburg, WA is 84.4% White Alone, 8.64% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.21% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Ellensburg, WA speak a non-English language, and 96.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ellensburg, WA are Central Washington University (3,030 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Ellensburg, WA is $256,700, and the homeownership rate is 57.6%. Most people in Ellensburg, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Ellensburg, WA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Ellensburg, WA employs 20.9k people. The largest industries in Ellensburg, WA are Educational Services (3,915 people), Retail Trade (2,538 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,484 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($60,050), Public Administration ($55,625), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,125).

Median household income in Ellensburg, WA is $53,163. Males in Ellensburg, WA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,882. The income inequality in Ellensburg, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,163

2017 value

± $1,678

11%

1 Year Growth

± 6.55%

Households in Ellensburg, WA have a median annual income of $53,163, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,898 in 2016, which represents a 11% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ellensburg, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Washington.

$73,040

Average Male Salary

± $1,385

$53,882

Average Female Salary

± $1,130

In 2017, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,555 ± $3,156

  2. White

    $57,225 ± $943

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,049 ± $3,328

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ellensburg, WA is from Washington.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Washington was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.104% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ellensburg, WA was King County, WA with a value of $89,675, followed by Snohomish County, WA and Clark County, WA, with respective values of $82,595 and $74,747.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ellensburg, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ellensburg, WA (8.07k out of 41.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,095 ± 559

  2. Hispanic

    578 ± 177

  3. Asian

    317 ± 164

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ellensburg, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

20.9k

2017 Value

± 1,032

3.88%

1 Year growth

± 6.92%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ellensburg, WA grew at a rate of 3.88%, from 20.1k employees to 20.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ellensburg, WA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,655 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,958 people), and Management Occupations (1,897 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ellensburg, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ellensburg, WA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,655 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1,958 people), and Management Occupations (1,897 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ellensburg, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.32 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.15 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ellensburg, WA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($79,750), Protective Service Occupations ($74,250), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,083).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

20.9k

2017 Value

± 1,032

3.88%

1 Year growth

± 6.92%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ellensburg, WA grew at a rate of 3.88%, from 20.1k employees to 20.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ellensburg, WA, are Educational Services (3,915 people), Retail Trade (2,538 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,484 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ellensburg, WA, though some of these residents may live in Ellensburg, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ellensburg, WA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (3,915 people), Retail Trade (2,538 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,484 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ellensburg, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.74 times higher than expected), Educational Services (2.02 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ellensburg, WA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($60,050), Public Administration ($55,625), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,125).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.6B

  2. $37.2B

  3. $28.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $38.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($37.2B) and Gasoline ($28.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$296B

2015 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

50.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Washington trade was $296B. This is expected to increase 50.1% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.3B

  2. $14.2B

  3. $9.45B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $26.3B, followed by California with $14.2B and Tennessee and $9.45B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.1% of the population of Ellensburg, WA has health coverage, with 44.3% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 16.1% on non-group plans, and 1.84% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Ellensburg, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Ellensburg, WA see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1192 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1254 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 335 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1,192 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.94%

Uninsured

44.3%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

16.1%

Non-Group

1.84%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ellensburg, WA declined by 12.6% from 11.4% to 9.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ellensburg, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ellensburg, WA is home to a population of 43.7k people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.75% of Ellensburg, WA residents were born outside of the country (2.51k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ellensburg, WA is composed of 36.9k White Alone residents (84.4%), 3.78k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.64%), 1.4k Two or More Races residents (3.21%), 831 Asian Alone residents (1.9%), 451 Black or African American Alone residents (1.03%), 259 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.592%), 87 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.199%), and 31 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0709%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ellensburg, WA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ellensburg, WA was 33.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Ellensburg, WA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Ellensburg, WA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.75%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.51k people

6.17%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.64k people

As of 2017, 5.75% of Ellensburg, WA residents (2.51k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ellensburg, WA was 6.17%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ellensburg, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,445 ± 11,764 people

  2. Philippines

    67,799 ± 6,362 people

  3. India

    67,429 ± 6,345 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 237,445 Washington residents, followed by Philippines with 67,799 and India with 67,429.

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Citizenship

96.7%

2017 Citizenship

96.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.7% of Ellensburg, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ellensburg, WA was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ellensburg, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    36.9k ± 36

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.78k ± 470

  3. Two or More Races

    1.4k ± 235

In 2017, there were 9.76 times more White Alone residents (36.9k people) in Ellensburg, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.78k Hispanic or Latino and 1.4k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ellensburg, WA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Ellensburg, WA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Ellensburg, WA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Ellensburg, WA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,285 ± 177

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    733 ± 219

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    373 ± 146

Ellensburg, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ellensburg, WA awarded 3,030 degrees. The student population of Ellensburg, WA is skewed towards women, with 5,746 male students and 6,225 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ellensburg, WA are White (1,924 and 66.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (306 and 10.5%), Unknown (212 and 7.31%), and Asian (165 and 5.69%).

The largest universities in Ellensburg, WA by number of degrees awarded are Central Washington University (3,030 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Ellensburg, WA are Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (199 and 6.57%), Accounting (178 and 5.87%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (161 and 5.31%).

The median tuition costs in Ellensburg, WA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,907 and $19,710 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 197 degrees awarded

  2. 161 degrees awarded

  3. 151 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ellensburg, WA was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 197 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ellensburg, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

3,030 degrees awarded

$5,907

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Ellensburg, WA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Central Washington University with 3,030 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,363

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,667

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,363 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ellensburg, WA, which is 0.818 times less than the 1,667 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ellensburg, WA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,924 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    306 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    212 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ellensburg, WA were to White students. These 1,924 degrees mean that there were 6.29 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 306 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ellensburg, WA was $256,700 in 2017, which is 1.18 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $246,300 to $256,700, a 4.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Ellensburg, WA is 57.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ellensburg, WA have an average commute time of 20.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ellensburg, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,163

Median Household Income

± $1,678

17.6k

Number of Households

± 928

In 2017, the median household income of the 17.6k households in Ellensburg, WA grew to $53,163 from the previous year's value of $47,898.

The following chart displays the households in Ellensburg, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$256,700

2017 Median

± $11,332

$246,300

2016 Median

± $9,470

In 2017, the median property value in Ellensburg, WA grew to to $256,700 from the previous year's value of $246,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ellensburg, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellensburg, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ellensburg, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ellensburg, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

57.6%

2017 Homeownership

55.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.6% of the housing units in Ellensburg, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ellensburg, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ellensburg, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ellensburg, WA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ellensburg, WA have a shorter commute time (20.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.91% of the workforce in Ellensburg, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ellensburg, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.6%

  2. Walked

    9.71%

  3. Carpooled

    9.21%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ellensburg, WA was Drove Alone (72.6%), followed by those who Walked (9.71%) and those who Carpooled (9.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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