Elko, NV

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Population

54,105

0.644% growth

Median Age

34.4


Median Household Income

$76,094

1.9% growth

Poverty Rate

11.4%


Number of Employees

27,386

0.78% growth

Median Property Value

$195,800

0.824% growth

About

In 2017, Elko, NV had a population of 54.1k people with a median age of 34.4 and a median household income of $76,094. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elko, NV grew from 53,759 to 54,105, a 0.644% increase and its median household income grew from $74,672 to $76,094, a 1.9% increase.

The population of Elko, NV is 68.1% White Alone, 23.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.04% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Elko, NV speak a non-English language, and 94.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elko, NV are Great Basin College (858 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Elko, NV is $195,800, and the homeownership rate is 70.5%. Most people in Elko, NV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 29.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Elko, NV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: View from Red Rock Canyon, Spring Mts., Nevada

Economy

The economy of Elko, NV employs 27.4k people. The largest industries in Elko, NV are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (7,090 people), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (3,380 people), and Retail Trade (2,443 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,552), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,699), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($80,549).

Median household income in Elko, NV is $76,094. Males in Elko, NV have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,567. The income inequality in Elko, NV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$76,094

2017 value

± $3,885

1.9%

1 Year Growth

± 6.05%

Households in Elko, NV have a median annual income of $76,094, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $74,672 in 2016, which represents a 1.9% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elko, NV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Nevada.

$57,432

Average Male Salary

± $1,853

$44,567

Average Female Salary

± $1,392

In 2017, full-time male employees in Nevada made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Nevada by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Nevada.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $49,115 ± $1,406

  2. Asian

    $44,438 ± $3,305

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $39,307 ± $16,398

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Nevada workers was White. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Nevada by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elko, NV is from Nevada.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.441

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Nevada was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.688% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Nevada was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Nevada in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Nevada across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. N/A

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elko, NV was Washoe County, NV with a value of $61,498, followed by Clark County, NV and N/A, with respective values of $57,189 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the counties in Elko, NV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elko, NV (6.1k out of 53.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    4,778 ± 521

  2. Hispanic

    2,171 ± 362

  3. Native American

    660 ± 108

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elko, NV is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

27.4k

2017 Value

± 1,218

0.78%

1 Year growth

± 6.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elko, NV grew at a rate of 0.78%, from 27.2k employees to 27.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elko, NV, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (4,047 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,535 people), and Management Occupations (2,434 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elko, NV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elko, NV, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (4,047 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,535 people), and Management Occupations (2,434 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Elko, NV has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.97 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.8 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elko, NV, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($110,871), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($85,926), and Natural Resources, Construction, & Maintenance Occupations ($79,274).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

27.4k

2017 Value

± 1,218

0.78%

1 Year growth

± 6.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elko, NV grew at a rate of 0.78%, from 27.2k employees to 27.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elko, NV, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (7,090 people), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (3,380 people), and Retail Trade (2,443 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elko, NV, though some of these residents may live in Elko, NV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elko, NV, by number of employees, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (7,090 people), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (3,380 people), and Retail Trade (2,443 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Elko, NV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (47.9 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (5.61 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.77 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elko, NV, by median earnings, are Utilities ($83,552), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,699), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($80,549).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Nevada to other states, or from other states to Nevada.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $16B

  2. $8.39B

  3. $6.48B

In 2015, the top outbound Nevada product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $16B, followed by Mixed freight ($8.39B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($6.48B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Nevada products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Nevada state.

$75B

2015 Value

$113B

Projected 2045 Value

51.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound Nevada trade was $75B. This is expected to increase 51.3% to $113B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Nevada trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Nevada to other states, or from other states to Nevada.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.2B

  2. $6.44B

  3. $3.88B

In 2015, the top outbound Nevada domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $19.2B, followed by Utah with $6.44B and Arizona and $3.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Nevada shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.4% of the population of Elko, NV has health coverage, with 64.1% on employee plans, 8.72% on Medicaid, 7.8% on Medicare, 7.47% on non-group plans, and 1.22% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Elko, NV was $6,714 in 2014. This is a 7% increase from the previous year ($6,275).

Primary care physicians in Elko, NV see 1764 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.858% increase from the previous year (1749 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1632 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 536 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nye County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.1%). Additionally, Lyon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.

1,764 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Nevada see an average of 1,764 patients per year. This represents a 0.858% increase from the previous year (1,749 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Nevada in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.

$6,714

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,417

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,484

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,796

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Nevada (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7%, from $6,275 to $6,714.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.6%

Uninsured

64.1%

Employer Coverage

8.72%

Medicaid

7.8%

Medicare

7.47%

Non-Group

1.22%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elko, NV declined by 15.2% from 12.5% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elko, NV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.1% prevalence

  2. 12.4% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Nye County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Nevada, at 13.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Nevada by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elko, NV is home to a population of 54.1k people, from which 94.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.39% of Elko, NV residents were born outside of the country (4.54k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Elko, NV is composed of 36.9k White Alone residents (68.1%), 12.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (23.5%), 2.73k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (5.04%), 691 Two or More Races residents (1.28%), 523 Asian Alone residents (0.967%), 443 Black or African American Alone residents (0.819%), 121 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.224%), and 29 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0536%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elko, NV are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elko, NV was 34.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Elko, NV are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elko, NV residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.39%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.54k people

8.34%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.48k people

As of 2017, 8.39% of Elko, NV residents (4.54k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elko, NV was 8.34%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elko, NV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Nevada.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    227,319 ± 11,235 people

  2. Philippines

    82,777 ± 6,962 people

  3. El Salvador

    25,589 ± 3,910 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Nevada was Mexico, the natal country of 227,319 Nevada residents, followed by Philippines with 82,777 and El Salvador with 25,589.

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Citizenship

94.9%

2017 Citizenship

94.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.9% of Elko, NV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elko, NV was 94.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elko, NV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    36.9k ± 185

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    12.7k ± 772

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    2.73k ± 78

In 2017, there were 2.9 times more White Alone residents (36.9k people) in Elko, NV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.7k Hispanic or Latino and 2.73k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elko, NV as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Elko, NV citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Elko, NV was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Elko, NV are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,225 ± 233

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    589 ± 191

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    537 ± 143

Elko, NV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Elko, NV awarded 858 degrees. The student population of Elko, NV is skewed towards women, with 1,182 male students and 2,214 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elko, NV are White (588 and 68.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (150 and 17.5%), Unknown (44 and 5.13%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (32 and 3.73%).

The largest universities in Elko, NV by number of degrees awarded are Great Basin College (858 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Elko, NV are Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (135 and 15.7%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (79 and 9.21%), and Industrial Mechanics & Maintenance Technology (74 and 8.62%).

The median tuition costs in Elko, NV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $2,745 and $9,390 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Elko, NV was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 79 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Elko, NV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

858 degrees awarded

$2,745

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Elko, NV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Great Basin College with 858 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

416

Degrees Awarded to Men

442

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 416 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elko, NV, which is 0.941 times less than the 442 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Elko, NV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    588 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    150 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    44 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Elko, NV were to White students. These 588 degrees mean that there were 3.92 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 150 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elko, NV was $195,800 in 2017, which is 0.9 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $194,200 to $195,800, a 0.824% increase. The homeownership rate in Elko, NV is 70.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elko, NV have an average commute time of 29.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elko, NV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$76,094

Median Household Income

± $3,885

18.6k

Number of Households

± 896

In 2017, the median household income of the 18.6k households in Elko, NV grew to $76,094 from the previous year's value of $74,672.

The following chart displays the households in Elko, NV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$195,800

2017 Median

± $8,000

$194,200

2016 Median

± $8,033

In 2017, the median property value in Elko, NV grew to to $195,800 from the previous year's value of $194,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elko, NV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elko, NV the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elko, NV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elko, NV the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.5%

2017 Homeownership

70.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.5% of the housing units in Elko, NV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elko, NV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elko, NV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elko, NV have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

29.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elko, NV have a longer commute time (29.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 12.1% of the workforce in Elko, NV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elko, NV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    60.5%

  2. Public Transit

    14.6%

  3. Carpooled

    13.2%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elko, NV was Drove Alone (60.5%), followed by those who Public Transit (14.6%) and those who Carpooled (13.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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