Elko, NV

Census Place

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2022 Population
20,513
0.598% 1-year growth
US Senator
Catherine Cortez Masto
Democratic Party
US Senator
Jacky Rosen
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
33.5
0.904% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
11.4%
7.1% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$85,000
6.05% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$275,600
17.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
10,457
0.0478% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Elko, NV had a population of 20.5k people with a median age of 33.5 and a median household income of $85,000. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Elko, NV grew from 20,391 to 20,513, a 0.598% increase and its median household income grew from $80,148 to $85,000, a 6.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elko, NV are White (Non-Hispanic) (60.7%), White (Hispanic) (11%), Other (Hispanic) (8.88%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.24%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4%).

None of the households in Elko, NV reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.2% of the residents in Elko, NV are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elko, NV are Great Basin College (843 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Elko, NV was $275,600, and the homeownership rate was 59.4%.

Most people in Elko, NV drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Elko, NV was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Elko, NV is home to a population of 20.5k people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.55% of Elko, NV residents were born outside of the country (1.34k people).

In 2022, there were 5.49 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.4k people) in Elko, NV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.27k White (Hispanic) and 1.82k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.2%
2022 Citizenship
95.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.2% of Elko, NV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Elko, NV was 95.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elko, NV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elko, NV
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    12.4k ± 707
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.27k ± 620
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    1.82k ± 665
29.1%
Hispanic Population
5.96k people

In 2022, there were 5.49 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.4k people) in Elko, NV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.27k White (Hispanic) and 1.82k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

29.1% of the people in Elko, NV are hispanic (5.96k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Elko, NV as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nevada.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    221,001 ± 11,123 people
  2. Philippines
    91,834 ± 7,329 people
  3. El Salvador
    23,902 ± 3,781 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Nevada was Mexico, the natal country of 221,001 Nevada residents, followed by Philippines with 91,834 and El Salvador with 23,902.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.55%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.34k people
9.22%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.88k people

As of 2022, 6.55% of Elko, NV residents (1.34k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elko, NV was 9.22%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elko, NV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    327 ± 134
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    256 ± 128
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    146 ± 87

Elko, NV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Elko, NV employs 10.5k people. The largest industries in Elko, NV are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2,067 people), Accommodation & Food Services (1,156 people), and Retail Trade (937 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($120,395), Wholesale Trade ($113,667), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($89,622).

Males in Nevada have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,632. The income inequality in Nevada (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

10.5k
2022 Value
± 881
−0.0478%
1 Year decline
± 12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Elko, NV declined at a rate of −0.0478%, from 10.5k employees to 10.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elko, NV, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,271 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,061 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (922 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elko, NV.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Nevada (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

10.5k
2022 Value
± 881
−0.0478%
1 Year decline
± 12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Elko, NV declined at a rate of −0.0478%, from 10.5k employees to 10.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elko, NV, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2,067 people), Accommodation & Food Services (1,156 people), and Retail Trade (937 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elko, NV, though some of these residents may live in Elko, NV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$64,142
Median earning men ± $8,618
$39,034
Median earning women ± $6,181

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($114,833), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($89,890), and Manufacturing ($87,990).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($230,662), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($80,096), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($78,401).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.
Y-Axis
5.19%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.53M people employed in Nevada. This represents a 5.19% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 21.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Nevada.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Nevada went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.05%).

Catherine Cortez Masto and Jacky Rosen are the senators currently representing the state of Nevada. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Nevada is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Nevada

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.
Catherine Cortez Masto
Senator from Nevada3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017
Jacky Rosen
Senator from Nevada1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Catherine Cortez Masto and Jacky Rosen are the senators currently representing Nevada.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Nevada over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Nevada

Nevada is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Nevada have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Elko, NV awarded 843 degrees. The student population of Elko, NV in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,136 male students and 2,061 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elko, NV are White (514 and 61%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (207 and 24.6%), Two or More Races (35 and 4.15%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (27 and 3.2%).

The largest universities in Elko, NV by number of degrees awarded are Great Basin College (843 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Elko, NV are Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (94 and 11.2%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (77 and 9.13%), and Electrician (55 and 6.52%).

The median tuition cost in Elko, NV for a public four year colleges is $3,607 for in-state students and $10,967 for out-of-state students.

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 3,197 students enrolled in Elko, NV, 35.5% men and 64.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,811 records, of which 64.9% were women and 35.1% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Elko, NV was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 77 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Elko, NV according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
843 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Great Basin College with 843 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 368 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elko, NV, which is 0.775 times less than the 475 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 514 degrees mean that there were 2.48 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 207 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 4-year or above ($3,607) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($165) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,670) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.
Measure

In 2022, 1.34% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.43% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nevada.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (710k), Some college (606k), and Bachelors Degree (392k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elko, NV was $275,600 in 2022, which is 0.978 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $234,500 to $275,600, a 17.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Elko, NV is 59.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Elko, NV have an average commute time of 25.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Elko, NV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Elko, NV is $85,000. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Elko, NV was Census Tract 9507.02 with a value of $117,535, followed by Census Tract 9507.01 and Census Tract 9514.01, with respective values of $103,889 and $89,067.

Property

$275,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$18,360
$4,635
Median Property Taxes
±$563

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elko, NV the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Elko, NV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

59.4%
Homeownership
2022
68.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 59.4% of the housing units in Elko, NV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Elko, NV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9507.02
  2. Census Tract 9507.01
  3. Census Tract 9514.01

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elko, NV was Census Tract 9507.02 with a value of $117,535, followed by Census Tract 9507.01 and Census Tract 9514.01, with respective values of $103,889 and $89,067.

The following map shows all of the places in Elko, NV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$85,000
Median Household Income
± $12,834
7.8k
Number of Households
± 754

In 2022, the median household income of the 7.8k households in Elko, NV grew to $85,000 from the previous year's value of $80,148.

The following chart displays the households in Elko, NV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elko, NV is from Nevada.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Nevada
0.449
2021 Wage GINI in Nevada

In 2022, the income inequality in Nevada was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.556% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Nevada was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Nevada in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Nevada across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (67%)
  2. Carpooled (14.7%)
  3. Public Transit (10.5%)

In 2022, 67% of workers in Elko, NV drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (14.7%) and those who used public transit to get to work (10.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elko, NV have a shorter commute time (25.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.43% of the workforce in Elko, NV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elko, NV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elko, NV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elko, NV have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elko, NV (2.29k out of 20k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elko, NV is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.5% of the population of Elko, NV has health coverage, with 60.1% on employee plans, 11.7% on Medicaid, 7.89% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 0.66% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Elko County, NV see 2639 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.61% increase from the previous year (2623 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2120 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1205 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Elko County, NV.
2,639 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Elko County, NV

Primary care physicians in Elko County, NV see an average of 2,639 patients per year. This represents a 0.61% increase from the previous year (2,623 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Elko County, NV in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.6% under 18 years, 26.6% between 18 and 34 years, 35.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 53.8% were men and 46.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.53%
Uninsured
60.1%
Employer Coverage
11.7%
Medicaid
7.89%
Medicare
10.1%
Non-Group
0.66%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elko, NV declined by 15.6% from 11.3% to 9.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elko, NV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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