Elk County, KS

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Population

2,581

2.05% decline

Median Age

50.8


Median Household Income

$39,405

5.38% growth

Poverty Rate

13.5%


Number of Employees

1,022

1.35% decline

Median Property Value

$48,300

1.02% decline

About

In 2017, Elk County, KS had a population of 2.58k people with a median age of 50.8 and a median household income of $39,405. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elk County, KS declined from 2,635 to 2,581, a -2.05% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,393 to $39,405, a 5.38% increase.

The population of Elk County, KS is 91% White Alone, 4.11% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.29% Two or More Races. 3.27% of the people in Elk County, KS speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Elk County, KS is $48,300, and the homeownership rate is 81.5%. Most people in Elk County, KS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Elk County, KS is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Elk County, KS employs 1.02k people. The largest industries in Elk County, KS are Educational Services (160 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (129 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (96 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($43,529), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($40,000), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($36,250).

Median household income in Elk County, KS is $39,405. Males in Elk County, KS have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,397. The income inequality in Elk County, KS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,405

2017 value

± $4,007

5.38%

1 Year Growth

± 14.1%

Households in Elk County, KS have a median annual income of $39,405, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,393 in 2016, which represents a 5.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elk County, KS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kansas.

$60,808

Average Male Salary

± $1,876

$43,397

Average Female Salary

± $1,361

In 2017, full-time male employees in Elk County, KS made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Elk County, KS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $49,738 ± $7,478

  2. White

    $46,915 ± $1,173

  3. American Indian

    $42,999 ± $12,605

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Elk County, KS workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Elk County, KS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elk County, KS is from Kansas.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kansas was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.417% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9651

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elk County, KS was Census Tract 9651 with a value of $36,458, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Elk County, KS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elk County, KS (343 out of 2.54k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    323 ± 57

  2. Native American

    16 ± 47

  3. Two Or More

    4 ± 49

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elk County, KS is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.02k

2017 Value

± 105

-1.35%

1 Year decline

± 14.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elk County, KS declined at a rate of -1.35%, from 1.04k employees to 1.02k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elk County, KS, are Management Occupations (140 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (105 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (104 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elk County, KS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elk County, KS, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (140 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (105 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (104 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elk County, KS has an unusually high number of residents working as Transportation Occupations (2.01 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.87 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elk County, KS, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($68,472), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($59,167), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($48,393).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.02k

2017 Value

± 105

-1.35%

1 Year decline

± 14.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elk County, KS declined at a rate of -1.35%, from 1.04k employees to 1.02k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elk County, KS, are Educational Services (160 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (129 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (96 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elk County, KS, though some of these residents may live in Elk County, KS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elk County, KS, by number of employees, are Educational Services (160 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (129 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (96 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elk County, KS has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (7.94 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.62 times), and Educational Services (1.69 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elk County, KS, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($43,529), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($40,000), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($36,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kansas to other states, or from other states to Kansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.8B

  2. $24.1B

  3. $22B

In 2015, the top outbound Kansas product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.8B, followed by Cereal grains with $24.1B and Coal-n.e.c. and $22B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kansas state.

$245B

2015 Value

$357B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kansas trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $357B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kansas to other states, or from other states to Kansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.9B

  2. $18.4B

  3. $17.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Missouri with $25.9B, followed by Texas with $18.4B and Nebraska and $17.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.8% of the population of Elk County, KS has health coverage, with 38% on employee plans, 12.3% on Medicaid, 22.5% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 2.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Elk County, KS was $7,651 in 2014. This is a 2.99% increase from the previous year ($7,429).

Primary care physicians in Elk County, KS see 2605 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.3% decrease from the previous year (2694 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 0 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Allen County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Morris County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,605 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Elk County, KS see an average of 2,605 patients per year. This represents a 3.3% decrease from the previous year (2,694 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Elk County, KS in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kansas.

$7,651

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,855

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,736

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,126

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.99%, from $7,429 to $7,651.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.2%

Uninsured

38%

Employer Coverage

12.3%

Medicaid

22.5%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

2.2%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elk County, KS declined by 3.98% from 11.6% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elk County, KS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.2% prevalence

  3. 14% prevalence

Allen County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kansas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elk County, KS is home to a population of 2.58k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.74% of Elk County, KS residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Elk County, KS is composed of 2.35k White Alone residents (91%), 106 Hispanic or Latino residents (4.11%), 59 Two or More Races residents (2.29%), 49 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.9%), 13 Asian Alone residents (0.504%), 4 Black or African American Alone residents (0.155%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elk County, KS are German (45 speakers), Spanish or Spanish Creole (14 speakers), and French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (12 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

51

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elk County, KS was 50.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 51, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Elk County, KS are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Elk County, KS residents was 51.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.63%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.74% of Elk County, KS residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elk County, KS was 1.63%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elk County, KS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    85,360 ± 7,067 people

  2. India

    11,676 ± 2,648 people

  3. Vietnam

    10,096 ± 2,463 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Elk County, KS was Mexico, the natal country of 85,360 Elk County, KS residents, followed by India with 11,676 and Vietnam with 10,096.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Elk County, KS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elk County, KS was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elk County, KS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.35k ± 10

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    106 ± 35.1

  3. Two or More Races

    59 ± 24.2

In 2017, there were 22.2 times more White Alone residents (2.35k people) in Elk County, KS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 106 Hispanic or Latino and 59 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elk County, KS as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. German

    45 speakers (1.75%)

  2. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    14 speakers (0.545%)

  3. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    12 speakers (0.467%)

3.27% of Elk County, KS citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Elk County, KS was German. 1.75% of the overall population of Elk County, KS are native German speakers. 0.545% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole and 0.467% speak German, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    124 ± 27

  2. Korea

    26 ± 15

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    21 ± 15

Elk County, KS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.77 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elk County, KS was $48,300 in 2017, which is 0.222 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $48,800 to $48,300, a 1.02% decrease. The homeownership rate in Elk County, KS is 81.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elk County, KS have an average commute time of 25.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elk County, KS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,405

Median Household Income

± $4,007

1.16k

Number of Households

± 100

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.16k households in Elk County, KS grew to $39,405 from the previous year's value of $37,393.

The following chart displays the households in Elk County, KS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $50k - $60k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$48,300

2017 Median

± $5,513

$48,800

2016 Median

± $5,193

In 2017, the median property value in Elk County, KS declined from to $48,300 from the previous year's value of $48,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elk County, KS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk County, KS the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elk County, KS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk County, KS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

81.5%

2017 Homeownership

81.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 81.5% of the housing units in Elk County, KS were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 81.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elk County, KS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elk County, KS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elk County, KS have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elk County, KS have a longer commute time (25.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 6.9% of the workforce in Elk County, KS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elk County, KS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.83%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elk County, KS was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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