Elk City, OK

Census Place

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2020 Population
11,544
2.37% 1-year decline
US Senator
Jim Inhofe
Republican Party
US Senator
James Lankford
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
32.2
5.57% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
23.4%
11.7% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$43,795
8.47% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$161,500
3.79% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
5,080
0.684% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Elk City, OK had a population of 11.5k people with a median age of 32.2 and a median household income of $43,795. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Elk City, OK declined from 11,824 to 11,544, a −2.37% decrease and its median household income declined from $47,850 to $43,795, a −8.47% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elk City, OK are White (Non-Hispanic) (74.8%), White (Hispanic) (13%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (3.74%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.64%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.47%).

None of the households in Elk City, OK reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Elk City, OK are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Elk City, OK was $161,500, and the homeownership rate was 61.6%. Most people in Elk City, OK drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Elk City, OK was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Elk City, OK is home to a population of 11.5k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.07% of Elk City, OK residents were born outside of the country (470 people).

In 2020, there were 5.77 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (8.63k people) in Elk City, OK than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.5k White (Hispanic) and 432 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elk City, OK
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    8.63k ± 402
  2. White (Hispanic)
    1.5k ± 405
  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    432 ± 201
15.9%
Hispanic Population
1.84k people

In 2020, there were 5.77 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (8.63k people) in Elk City, OK than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.5k White (Hispanic) and 432 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

15.9% of the people in Elk City, OK are hispanic (1.84k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Elk City, OK as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.07%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
470 people
4.69%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
555 people

As of 2020, 4.07% of Elk City, OK residents (470 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elk City, OK was 4.69%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elk City, OK compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

33
Median Native-Born Age
± 2.2
32
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 4.6

In 2020, the median age of all people in Elk City, OK was 32.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Elk City, OK are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Elk City, OK residents was 34.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    103,787 ± 7,805 people
  2. Vietnam
    13,223 ± 2,818 people
  3. India
    10,314 ± 2,490 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oklahoma was Mexico, the natal country of 103,787 Oklahoma residents, followed by Vietnam with 13,223 and India with 10,314.

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Citizenship

97.5%
2020 Citizenship
97.4%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97.5% of Elk City, OK residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Elk City, OK was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elk City, OK compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    172 ± 123
  2. Vietnam
    150 ± 81
  3. Korea
    57 ± 72

Elk City, OK has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Oklahoma. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Oklahoma, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Oklahoma (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Oklahoma. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Oklahoma.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Oklahoma across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Males in Oklahoma have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,810. The income inequality in Oklahoma (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Elk City, OK employs 5.08k people. The largest industries in Elk City, OK are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (758 people), Retail Trade (574 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (572 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,870), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($71,198), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,469).

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,795
2020 value
± $2,983
−8.47%
1 Year Growth
± 23.4%

Households in Elk City, OK have a median annual income of $43,795, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,850 in 2019, which represents a −8.47% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Elk City, OK compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.
$61,287
Average Male Salary in Oklahoma
± $1,684
$43,810
Average Female Salary in Oklahoma
± $1,284

In 2020, full-time male employees in Oklahoma made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oklahoma by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Oklahoma
  1. White
    $49,803 ± $1,213
  2. Asian
    $49,170 ± $7,343
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $46,370 ± $17,623

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oklahoma workers was White. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Oklahoma.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oklahoma by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elk City, OK is from Oklahoma.
0.454
2020 Wage GINI in Oklahoma
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Oklahoma

In 2020, the income inequality in Oklahoma was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.09% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Oklahoma was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oklahoma in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oklahoma across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9661
  2. Census Tract 9662

The following map shows all of the places in Elk City, OK colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elk City, OK (2.64k out of 11.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females < 5 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,297 ± 417
  2. Hispanic
    838 ± 271
  3. Black
    224 ± 107

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elk City, OK is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.08k
2020 Value
± 639
−0.684%
1 Year decline
± 17.4%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Elk City, OK declined at a rate of −0.684%, from 5.12k employees to 5.08k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elk City, OK, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (807 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (568 people), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (421 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elk City, OK.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elk City, OK, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (807 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (568 people), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (421 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elk City, OK has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (5.09 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (3.16 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (3.03 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elk City, OK, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($87,500), Management Occupations ($73,750), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($63,654).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.08k
2020 Value
± 639
−0.684%
1 Year decline
± 17.4%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Elk City, OK declined at a rate of −0.684%, from 5.12k employees to 5.08k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elk City, OK, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (758 people), Retail Trade (574 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (572 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elk City, OK, though some of these residents may live in Elk City, OK and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elk City, OK, by number of employees, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (758 people), Retail Trade (574 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (572 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elk City, OK has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (31.2 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (2.34 times), and Public Administration (2.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elk City, OK, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,870), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($71,198), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,469).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $20.7B
  2. $16B
  3. $12.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Oklahoma product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $20.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($16B) and Machinery ($12.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oklahoma products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oklahoma.
$170B
2020 Value in Oklahoma
$311B
Projected 2050 Value in Oklahoma
83.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Oklahoma trade was $170B. This is expected to increase 83.6% to $311B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oklahoma trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $32.9B
  2. $10.9B
  3. $5.58B

In 2020, the top outbound Oklahoma domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $32.9B, followed by Kansas with $10.9B and California and $5.58B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oklahoma shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Oklahoma went to Donald J. Trump with 65.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (32.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.58%). The most partisan county was Cimarron County, OK with 92% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Jim Inhofe and James Lankford are the senators currently representing the state of Oklahoma. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Oklahoma is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Oklahoma.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Oklahoma
65.4% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Oklahoma
  1. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 90.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 90.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Oklahoma was Cimarron County, OK with 92% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Oklahoma colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Oklahoma

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.
Jim Inhofe
Senator from Oklahoma2
Assumed office on November 16, 1994
Elected to the seat following the resignation of David Boren.
James Lankford
Senator from Oklahoma3
Assumed office on January 3, 2015
Elected to the seat following the resignation of Tom Coburn.

Jim Inhofe and James Lankford are the senators currently representing Oklahoma.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Oklahoma over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Oklahoma

Oklahoma is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Oklahoma have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elk City, OK was $161,500 in 2020, which is 0.703 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $155,600 to $161,500, a 3.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Elk City, OK is 61.6%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Elk City, OK have an average commute time of 16.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Elk City, OK is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$161,500
2020 Median
± $13,519
$155,600
2019 Median
± $10,694

In 2020, the median property value in Elk City, OK grew to to $161,500 from the previous year's value of $155,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elk City, OK compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk City, OK the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,795
Median Household Income
± $2,983
4.45k
Number of Households
± 560

In 2020, the median household income of the 4.45k households in Elk City, OK declined from $43,795 from the previous year's value of $47,850.

The following chart displays the households in Elk City, OK distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elk City, OK distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk City, OK the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

61.6%
2020 Homeownership
62.1%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 61.6% of the housing units in Elk City, OK were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 62.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elk City, OK compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elk City, OK have a shorter commute time (16.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.77% of the workforce in Elk City, OK have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elk City, OK compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (86.4%)
  2. Walked (3.76%)
  3. Carpooled (3.7%)

In 2020, 86.4% of workers in Elk City, OK drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (3.76%) and those who carpooled to work (3.7%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elk City, OK distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elk City, OK have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

84.8% of the population of Elk City, OK has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 13.1% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 9.86% on non-group plans, and 1.13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Oklahoma was $7,627 in 2014. This is a 4.58% increase from the previous year ($7,293).

Primary care physicians in Beckham County, OK see 1447 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.24% increase from the previous year (1362 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1987 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 317 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nowata County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (28.2%). Additionally, Okfuskee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (58.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Beckham County, OK.
1,447 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Beckham County, OK

Primary care physicians in Beckham County, OK see an average of 1,447 patients per year. This represents a 6.24% increase from the previous year (1,362 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Beckham County, OK in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.
$7,627
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Oklahoma
$3,878
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,529
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,429
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oklahoma (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.58%, from $7,293 to $7,627.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.2%
Uninsured
48.1%
Employer Coverage
13.1%
Medicaid
12.6%
Medicare
9.86%
Non-Group
1.13%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elk City, OK grew by 2.06% from 14.9% to 15.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elk City, OK changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 28.2% prevalence
  2. 23.4% prevalence
  3. 20.8% prevalence

Nowata County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma, at 28.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma by county over multiple years.

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