Elk City, OK

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Population

12,236

1.53% decline

Median Age

34


Median Household Income

$56,754

2.76% decline

Poverty Rate

13.3%


Number of Employees

5,270

0.996% decline

Median Property Value

$144,600

4.37% decline

About

In 2017, Elk City, OK had a population of 12.2k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $56,754. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elk City, OK declined from 12,426 to 12,236, a -1.53% decrease and its median household income declined from $58,363 to $56,754, a -2.76% decrease.

The population of Elk City, OK is 75.4% White Alone, 14.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.84% Two or More Races. 7.59% of the people in Elk City, OK speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Elk City, OK is $144,600, and the homeownership rate is 65.7%. Most people in Elk City, OK commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Elk City, OK is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Elk City, OK employs 5.27k people. The largest industries in Elk City, OK are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1,212 people), Retail Trade (788 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (477 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,083), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,500), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,577).

Median household income in Elk City, OK is $56,754. Males in Elk City, OK have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,687. The income inequality in Elk City, OK (measured using the Gini index) is 0.455, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,754

2017 value

± $9,620

-2.76%

1 Year Growth

± 26.2%

Households in Elk City, OK have a median annual income of $56,754, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,363 in 2016, which represents a -2.76% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elk City, OK compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.

$57,090

Average Male Salary

± $1,576

$39,687

Average Female Salary

± $1,128

In 2017, full-time male employees in Elk City, OK made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Elk City, OK by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Oklahoma.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $46,109 ± $1,108

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $44,605 ± $18,568

  3. Asian

    $44,604 ± $6,576

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Elk City, OK workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Elk City, OK by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elk City, OK is from Oklahoma.

0.455

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oklahoma was 0.455 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0213% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oklahoma was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oklahoma in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oklahoma across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9662

  2. Census Tract 9661

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elk City, OK was Census Tract 9662 with a value of $58,882, followed by Census Tract 9661 and N/A, with respective values of $44,046 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Elk City, OK colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elk City, OK (1.59k out of 11.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,411 ± 303

  2. Hispanic

    230 ± 139

  3. Two Or More

    108 ± 105

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elk City, OK is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.27k

2017 Value

± 617

-0.996%

1 Year decline

± 16.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elk City, OK declined at a rate of -0.996%, from 5.32k employees to 5.27k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elk City, OK, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (704 people), Sales & Related Occupations (585 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (540 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elk City, OK.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elk City, OK, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (704 people), Sales & Related Occupations (585 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (540 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elk City, OK has an unusually high number of residents working as Transportation Occupations (2.62 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.22 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.06 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elk City, OK, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($78,194), Management Occupations ($62,426), and Construction & Extraction Occupations ($59,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.27k

2017 Value

± 617

-0.996%

1 Year decline

± 16.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elk City, OK declined at a rate of -0.996%, from 5.32k employees to 5.27k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elk City, OK, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1,212 people), Retail Trade (788 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (477 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elk City, OK, though some of these residents may live in Elk City, OK and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elk City, OK, by number of employees, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1,212 people), Retail Trade (788 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (477 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elk City, OK has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (42.6 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.84 times), and Public Administration (1.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elk City, OK, by median earnings, are Utilities ($82,083), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,500), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,577).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $52.4B

  2. $21.4B

  3. $19.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Oklahoma product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $52.4B, followed by Fuel oils with $21.4B and Gasoline and $19.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oklahoma products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Oklahoma state.

$220B

2015 Value

$309B

Projected 2045 Value

40.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oklahoma trade was $220B. This is expected to increase 40.6% to $309B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oklahoma trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oklahoma to other states, or from other states to Oklahoma.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $40.8B

  2. $19.3B

  3. $7.03B

In 2015, the top outbound Oklahoma domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $40.8B, followed by Kansas with $19.3B and Arkansas and $7.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oklahoma shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.9% of the population of Elk City, OK has health coverage, with 49.7% on employee plans, 14.7% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 9.82% on non-group plans, and 0.581% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Elk City, OK was $7,627 in 2014. This is a 4.58% increase from the previous year ($7,293).

Primary care physicians in Elk City, OK see 1587 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.8% increase from the previous year (1559 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1704 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 264 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Pushmataha County and Ottawa County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Adair County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.

1,587 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oklahoma see an average of 1,587 patients per year. This represents a 1.8% increase from the previous year (1,559 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oklahoma in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oklahoma.

$7,627

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,878

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,529

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oklahoma (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.58%, from $7,293 to $7,627.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.1%

Uninsured

49.7%

Employer Coverage

14.7%

Medicaid

10.1%

Medicare

9.82%

Non-Group

0.581%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elk City, OK declined by 2.77% from 15.5% to 15.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elk City, OK changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.2% prevalence

  3. 15.9% prevalence

Pushmataha County and Ottawa County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oklahoma by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elk City, OK is home to a population of 12.2k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.9% of Elk City, OK residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Elk City, OK is composed of 9.23k White Alone residents (75.4%), 1.83k Hispanic or Latino residents (14.9%), 592 Two or More Races residents (4.84%), 206 Asian Alone residents (1.68%), 182 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.49%), 160 Black or African American Alone residents (1.31%), 38 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.311%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elk City, OK are Spanish or Spanish Creole (735 speakers), Tagalog (70 speakers), and Other Native North American Languages (22 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.8

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elk City, OK was 34. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Elk City, OK are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elk City, OK residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.36%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.9% of Elk City, OK residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elk City, OK was 2.36%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elk City, OK compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    107,425 ± 7,935 people

  2. Vietnam

    15,408 ± 3,041 people

  3. India

    7,989 ± 2,192 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Elk City, OK was Mexico, the natal country of 107,425 Elk City, OK residents, followed by Vietnam with 15,408 and India with 7,989.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Elk City, OK residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elk City, OK was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elk City, OK compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    9.23k ± 384

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.83k ± 421

  3. Two or More Races

    592 ± 241

In 2017, there were 5.06 times more White Alone residents (9.23k people) in Elk City, OK than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.83k Hispanic or Latino and 592 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elk City, OK as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    735 speakers (6.55%)

  2. Tagalog

    70 speakers (0.624%)

  3. Other Native North American Languages

    22 speakers (0.196%)

7.59% of Elk City, OK citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Elk City, OK was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 6.55% of the overall population of Elk City, OK are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.624% speak Tagalog and 0.196% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    202 ± 101

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    150 ± 95

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    54 ± 69

Elk City, OK has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elk City, OK was $144,600 in 2017, which is 0.665 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $151,200 to $144,600, a 4.37% decrease. The homeownership rate in Elk City, OK is 65.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elk City, OK have an average commute time of 15.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elk City, OK is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,754

Median Household Income

± $9,620

4.09k

Number of Households

± 487

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.09k households in Elk City, OK declined from $56,754 from the previous year's value of $58,363.

The following chart displays the households in Elk City, OK distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$144,600

2017 Median

± $16,583

$151,200

2016 Median

± $15,581

In 2017, the median property value in Elk City, OK declined from to $144,600 from the previous year's value of $151,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elk City, OK compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk City, OK the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elk City, OK distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk City, OK the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.7%

2017 Homeownership

63.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.7% of the housing units in Elk City, OK were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elk City, OK compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elk City, OK distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elk City, OK have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

15.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elk City, OK have a shorter commute time (15.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.74% of the workforce in Elk City, OK have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elk City, OK compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.7%

  2. Carpooled

    7%

  3. Walked

    2.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elk City, OK was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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