El Paso, TX

Census Place

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2020 Population
679,879
0.00971% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
33
0.304% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
18.8%
1.39% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$48,866
2.73% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$132,800
4.24% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
293,168
0.0584% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, El Paso, TX had a population of 680k people with a median age of 33 and a median household income of $48,866. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of El Paso, TX grew from 679,813 to 679,879, a 0.00971% increase and its median household income grew from $47,568 to $48,866, a 2.73% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Paso, TX are White (Hispanic) (57.1%), White (Non-Hispanic) (12.6%), Other (Hispanic) (12.5%), Two+ (Hispanic) (11.2%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.05%).

None of the households in El Paso, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.9% of the residents in El Paso, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso, TX are The University of Texas at El Paso (5,206 degrees awarded in 2020), El Paso Community College (4,357 degrees), and Vista College (1,991 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in El Paso, TX was $132,800, and the homeownership rate was 59.6%. Most people in El Paso, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso, TX was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

El Paso, TX is home to a population of 680k people, from which 88.9% are citizens. As of 2020, 23% of El Paso, TX residents were born outside of the country (156k people).

In 2020, there were 4.53 times more White (Hispanic) residents (388k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 85.6k White (Non-Hispanic) and 84.7k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Paso, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    388k ± 5.7k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    85.6k ± 1.17k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    84.7k ± 4.89k
81.5%
Hispanic Population
554k people

In 2020, there were 4.53 times more White (Hispanic) residents (388k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 85.6k White (Non-Hispanic) and 84.7k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

81.5% of the people in El Paso, TX are hispanic (554k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in El Paso, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

23%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
156k people
23.1%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
157k people

As of 2020, 23% of El Paso, TX residents (156k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso, TX was 23.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

27
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
53
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.7

In 2020, the median age of all people in El Paso, TX was 33. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 53. But people in El Paso, TX are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all El Paso, TX residents was 33.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,484,512 ± 36,982 people
  2. India
    279,123 ± 12,908 people
  3. El Salvador
    219,615 ± 11,461 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,484,512 Texas residents, followed by India with 279,123 and El Salvador with 219,615.

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Citizenship

88.9%
2020 Citizenship
88.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 88.9% of El Paso, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso, TX was 88.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    17,191 ± 1,379
  2. Vietnam
    9,566 ± 707
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    6,001 ± 628

El Paso, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in El Paso, TX is $48,866. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in El Paso, TX was Census Tract 102.13 with a value of $132,188, followed by Census Tract 102.14 and Census Tract 13.02, with respective values of $123,843 and $103,159.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,589. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of El Paso, TX employs 293k people. The largest industries in El Paso, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (42,210 people), Educational Services (36,848 people), and Retail Trade (34,995 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,595), Public Administration ($53,452), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($49,007).

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,866
2020 value
± $1,162
2.73%
1 Year Growth
± 3.05%

Households in El Paso, TX have a median annual income of $48,866, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,568 in 2019, which represents a 2.73% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$70,236
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $745
$50,589
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $558

In 2020, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $71,020 ± $2,237
  2. White
    $57,454 ± $557
  3. American Indian
    $48,111 ± $6,839

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso, TX is from Texas.
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Texas
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2020, the income inequality in Texas was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.474% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 102.13
  2. Census Tract 102.14
  3. Census Tract 13.02

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso, TX was Census Tract 102.13 with a value of $132,188, followed by Census Tract 102.14 and Census Tract 13.02, with respective values of $123,843 and $103,159.

The following map shows all of the places in El Paso, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso, TX (127k out of 673k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    112,670 ± 3,006
  2. White
    85,799 ± 2,458
  3. Other
    20,486 ± 1,386

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

293k
2020 Value
± 5,205
0.0584%
1 Year growth
± 2.36%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 0.0584%, from 293k employees to 293k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (41,223 people), Sales & Related Occupations (32,163 people), and Management Occupations (25,120 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (41,223 people), Sales & Related Occupations (32,163 people), and Management Occupations (25,120 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, El Paso, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.06 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.64 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($68,407), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,004), and Legal Occupations ($62,687).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

293k
2020 Value
± 5,205
0.0584%
1 Year growth
± 2.36%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 0.0584%, from 293k employees to 293k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (42,210 people), Educational Services (36,848 people), and Retail Trade (34,995 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso, TX, though some of these residents may live in El Paso, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in El Paso, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (42,210 people), Educational Services (36,848 people), and Retail Trade (34,995 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, El Paso, TX has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.51 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.46 times), and Educational Services (1.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in El Paso, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,595), Public Administration ($53,452), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($49,007).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $292B
  2. $210B
  3. $178B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $292B, followed by Gasoline ($210B) and Fuel oils ($178B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.36T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.5T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
90.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.36T. This is expected to increase 90.9% to $4.5T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $78.1B
  2. $76.4B
  3. $74.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $78.1B, followed by California with $76.4B and Michigan and $74.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 96.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Texas
52.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 96.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 95.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 95% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 96.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in El Paso, TX awarded 14,271 degrees. The student population of El Paso, TX is skewed towards women, with 24,833 male students and 34,345 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso, TX are Hispanic or Latino (10,700 and 77.6%), followed by White (1,617 and 11.7%), Black or African American (836 and 6.07%), and Unknown (215 and 1.56%).

The largest universities in El Paso, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at El Paso (5,206 and 36.5%), El Paso Community College (4,357 and 30.5%), and Vista College (1,991 and 14%).

The most popular majors in El Paso, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,354 and 9.49%), Medical Assistant (855 and 5.99%), and Registered Nursing (757 and 5.3%).

The median tuition cost in El Paso, TX for a public four year colleges is $7,089 for in-state students and $21,371 for out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 318 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 1,354 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 349 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in El Paso, TX was General Business with 318 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in El Paso, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,206 degrees awarded
  2. 4,357 degrees awarded
  3. 1,991 degrees awarded
$7,089
Median In-State Public

In 2020, the El Paso, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at El Paso with 5,206 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

5,932
Degrees Awarded to Men
8,339
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 5,932 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso, TX, which is 0.711 times less than the 8,339 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in El Paso, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    10,700 degrees awarded
  2. White
    1,617 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    836 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in El Paso, TX was Hispanic or Latino students. These 10,700 degrees mean that there were 6.62 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,617 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso, TX was $132,800 in 2020, which is 0.578 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $127,400 to $132,800, a 4.24% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso, TX is 59.6%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in El Paso, TX have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in El Paso, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$132,800
2020 Median
± $2,040
$127,400
2019 Median
± $1,448

In 2020, the median property value in El Paso, TX grew to to $132,800 from the previous year's value of $127,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in El Paso, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,866
Median Household Income
± $1,162
231k
Number of Households
± 4,296

In 2020, the median household income of the 231k households in El Paso, TX grew to $48,866 from the previous year's value of $47,568.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

59.6%
2020 Homeownership
58.9%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 59.6% of the housing units in El Paso, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in El Paso, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso, TX have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.9% of the workforce in El Paso, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (80.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.22%)

In 2020, 80.2% of workers in El Paso, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.8%) and those who worked at home (4.22%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso, TX have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

80.6% of the population of El Paso, TX has health coverage, with 34.7% on employee plans, 19.6% on Medicaid, 7.46% on Medicare, 13.7% on non-group plans, and 5.16% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, TX see 2066 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.434% decrease from the previous year (2075 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2152 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1026 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for El Paso County, TX.
2,066 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in El Paso County, TX

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, TX see an average of 2,066 patients per year. This represents a 0.434% decrease from the previous year (2,075 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in El Paso County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.4%
Uninsured
34.7%
Employer Coverage
19.6%
Medicaid
7.46%
Medicare
13.7%
Non-Group
5.16%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso, TX grew by 1.99% from 19.1% to 19.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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