El Paso, TX

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Population

842,677

0.0669% growth

Median Age

32.4


Median Household Income

$44,416

5.46% growth

Poverty Rate

21.8%


Number of Employees

357,762

2.44% growth

Median Property Value

$122,200

2.17% growth

About

In 2017, El Paso, TX had a population of 843k people with a median age of 32.4 and a median household income of $44,416. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of El Paso, TX grew from 842,114 to 842,677, a 0.0669% increase and its median household income grew from $42,116 to $44,416, a 5.46% increase.

The population of El Paso, TX is 82.8% Hispanic or Latino, 11.8% White Alone, and 3% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in El Paso, TX speak a non-English language, and 87% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso, TX are The University of Texas at El Paso (4,597 degrees awarded in 2016), El Paso Community College (4,591 degrees), and Vista College (2,892 degrees).

The median property value in El Paso, TX is $122,200, and the homeownership rate is 61.2%. Most people in El Paso, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso, TX is 2 cars per household.

El Paso, TX borders Las Cruces, NM and Alamogordo, NM.

About the photo: El Paso from Ranger Peak

Economy

The economy of El Paso, TX employs 358k people. The largest industries in El Paso, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (49,691 people), Retail Trade (41,631 people), and Educational Services (39,517 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,930), Public Administration ($50,749), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,974).

Median household income in El Paso, TX is $44,416. Males in El Paso, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in El Paso, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,416

2017 value

± $2,008

5.46%

1 Year Growth

± 5.61%

Households in El Paso, TX have a median annual income of $44,416, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,116 in 2016, which represents a 5.46% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in El Paso, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso, TX (179k out of 823k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    163,811 ± 3,135

  2. White

    142,902 ± 2,971

  3. Other

    27,590 ± 1,529

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

358k

2017 Value

± 11,699

2.44%

1 Year growth

± 4.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 2.44%, from 349k employees to 358k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (57,651 people), Sales & Related Occupations (39,637 people), and Management Occupations (30,010 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (57,651 people), Sales & Related Occupations (39,637 people), and Management Occupations (30,010 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, El Paso, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.99 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.61 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($73,034), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,173), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($66,028).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

358k

2017 Value

± 11,699

2.44%

1 Year growth

± 4.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 2.44%, from 349k employees to 358k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (49,691 people), Retail Trade (41,631 people), and Educational Services (39,517 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso, TX, though some of these residents may live in El Paso, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in El Paso, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (49,691 people), Retail Trade (41,631 people), and Educational Services (39,517 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, El Paso, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.1 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.57 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in El Paso, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,930), Public Administration ($50,749), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,974).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79.4% of the population of El Paso, TX has health coverage, with 34.3% on employee plans, 22.2% on Medicaid, 6.52% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 5.78% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of El Paso, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in El Paso, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

20.6%

Uninsured

34.3%

Employer Coverage

22.2%

Medicaid

6.52%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

5.78%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso, TX grew by 5.54% from 19.5% to 20.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

El Paso, TX is home to a population of 843k people, from which 87% are citizens. As of 2017, 25.4% of El Paso, TX residents were born outside of the country (214k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of El Paso, TX is composed of 698k Hispanic or Latino residents (82.8%), 99.5k White Alone residents (11.8%), 25.3k Black or African American Alone residents (3%), 9.6k Asian Alone residents (1.14%), 7.03k Two or More Races residents (0.834%), 2.77k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.329%), 495 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0587%), and 478 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0567%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in El Paso, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

25

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in El Paso, TX was 32.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 25, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in El Paso, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all El Paso, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

25.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

214k people

25.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

213k people

As of 2017, 25.4% of El Paso, TX residents (214k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso, TX was 25.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

87%

2017 Citizenship

85.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 87% of El Paso, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso, TX was 85.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    698k ± 20.1k

  2. White Alone

    99.5k ± 494

  3. Black or African American Alone

    25.3k ± 1.57k

In 2017, there were 7.01 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (698k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 99.5k White Alone and 25.3k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in El Paso, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of El Paso, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in El Paso, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of El Paso, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    20,516 ± 2,850

  2. Vietnam

    11,350 ± 1,517

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    8,602 ± 1,524

El Paso, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.81 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in El Paso, TX awarded 14,698 degrees. The student population of El Paso, TX is skewed towards women, with 27,535 male students and 34,843 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso, TX are Hispanic or Latino (10,907 and 76.7%), followed by White (1,713 and 12%), Black or African American (1,091 and 7.67%), and Unknown (174 and 1.22%).

The largest universities in El Paso, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at El Paso (4,597 and 31.3%), El Paso Community College (4,591 and 31.2%), and Vista College (2,892 and 19.7%).

The most popular majors in El Paso, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,602 and 10.9%), Medical Assistant (1,587 and 10.8%), and Registered Nursing (569 and 3.87%).

The median tuition costs in El Paso, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,769 and $18,744 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 325 degrees awarded

  2. 238 degrees awarded

  3. 1,602 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in El Paso, TX was General Business with 325 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in El Paso, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,597 degrees awarded

  2. 4,591 degrees awarded

  3. 2,892 degrees awarded

$5,769

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the El Paso, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at El Paso with 4,597 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,959

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,739

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,959 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso, TX, which is 0.682 times less than the 8,739 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in El Paso, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    10,907 degrees awarded

  2. White

    1,713 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,091 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in El Paso, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 10,907 degrees mean that there were 6.37 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,713 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso, TX was $122,200 in 2017, which is 0.562 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $119,600 to $122,200, a 2.17% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso, TX is 61.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in El Paso, TX have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in El Paso, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,416

Median Household Income

± $2,008

270k

Number of Households

± 9,286

In 2017, the median household income of the 270k households in El Paso, TX grew to $44,416 from the previous year's value of $42,116.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$122,200

2017 Median

± $2,390

$119,600

2016 Median

± $2,726

In 2017, the median property value in El Paso, TX grew to to $122,200 from the previous year's value of $119,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in El Paso, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.2%

2017 Homeownership

60.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.2% of the housing units in El Paso, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in El Paso, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso, TX have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.77% of the workforce in El Paso, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.5%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.96%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in El Paso, TX was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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