El Paso, TX

Census Place

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2022 Population
677,181
0.116% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
33.7
0.597% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.9%
3.46% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$55,710
8.54% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$159,300
15.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
295,529
0.416% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, El Paso, TX had a population of 677k people with a median age of 33.7 and a median household income of $55,710. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of El Paso, TX grew from 676,395 to 677,181, a 0.116% increase and its median household income grew from $51,325 to $55,710, a 8.54% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Paso, TX are White (Hispanic) (37.4%), Two+ (Hispanic) (28.5%), Other (Hispanic) (14.6%), White (Non-Hispanic) (12%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.13%).

None of the households in El Paso, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

89.7% of the residents in El Paso, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso, TX are The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) (5,377 degrees awarded in 2022), El Paso Community College (4,045 degrees), and Western Technical College (224679) (888 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in El Paso, TX was $159,300, and the homeownership rate was 59.5%.

Most people in El Paso, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

El Paso, TX is home to a population of 677k people, from which 89.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 22.6% of El Paso, TX residents were born outside of the country (153k people).

In 2022, there were 1.31 times more White (Hispanic) residents (253k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 193k Two+ (Hispanic) and 99.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

89.7%
2022 Citizenship
89.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 89.7% of El Paso, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso, TX was 89.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Paso, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    253k ± 5.66k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    193k ± 6.01k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    99.1k ± 4.41k
81.6%
Hispanic Population
552k people

In 2022, there were 1.31 times more White (Hispanic) residents (253k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 193k Two+ (Hispanic) and 99.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

81.6% of the people in El Paso, TX are hispanic (552k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in El Paso, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,430,315 ± 36,649 people
  2. India
    305,649 ± 13,502 people
  3. El Salvador
    224,600 ± 11,591 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,430,315 Texas residents, followed by India with 305,649 and El Salvador with 224,600.

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Foreign-Born Population

22.6%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
153k people
22.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
154k people

As of 2022, 22.6% of El Paso, TX residents (153k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso, TX was 22.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    17,948 ± 1,656
  2. Vietnam
    9,048 ± 811
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    6,215 ± 671

El Paso, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of El Paso, TX employs 296k people. The largest industries in El Paso, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,342 people), Educational Services (35,613 people), and Retail Trade (34,692 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,633), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($66,692), and Public Administration ($63,178).

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,213. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

296k
2022 Value
± 5,493
0.416%
1 Year growth
± 2.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 0.416%, from 294k employees to 296k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (37,145 people), Sales & Related Occupations (31,963 people), and Management Occupations (26,630 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

296k
2022 Value
± 5,493
0.416%
1 Year growth
± 2.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 0.416%, from 294k employees to 296k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,342 people), Educational Services (35,613 people), and Retail Trade (34,692 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso, TX, though some of these residents may live in El Paso, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$37,687
Median earning men ± $1,333
$28,167
Median earning women ± $863

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($75,879), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($67,010), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($52,674).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($51,116), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,870), and Construction ($36,750).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in El Paso, TX awarded 12,147 degrees. The student population of El Paso, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 23,478 male students and 30,421 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso, TX are Hispanic or Latino (9,840 and 83.7%), followed by White (1,034 and 8.8%), Black or African American (325 and 2.77%), and Unknown (187 and 1.59%).

The largest universities in El Paso, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) (5,377 and 44.3%), El Paso Community College (4,045 and 33.3%), and Western Technical College (224679) (888 and 7.31%).

The most popular majors in El Paso, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,232 and 10.1%), Registered Nursing (812 and 6.68%), and General Business Administration & Management (536 and 4.41%).

The median tuition cost in El Paso, TX for a public four year colleges is $7,268 for in-state students and $21,704 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in El Paso, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 99.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 35.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 53,899 (43.6% men and 56.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 53,899 students enrolled in El Paso, TX, 43.6% men and 56.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 44,925 records, of which 57.5% were women and 42.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 230 degrees awarded
  2. 1,232 degrees awarded
  3. 289 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in El Paso, TX was Clinical Laboratory Assistant with 230 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in El Paso, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,377 degrees awarded
  2. 4,045 degrees awarded
  3. 888 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) with 5,377 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 4,944 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso, TX, which is 0.686 times less than the 7,203 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 9,840 degrees mean that there were 9.52 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,034 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($14,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,501) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,632) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2022, 1.59% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.53% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.7M), Some college (4.97M), and Bachelors Degree (4.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso, TX was $159,300 in 2022, which is 0.565 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $137,600 to $159,300, a 15.8% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso, TX is 59.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in El Paso, TX have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in El Paso, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in El Paso, TX is $55,710. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in El Paso, TX was Census Tract 102.13 with a value of $151,505, followed by Census Tract 102.14 and Census Tract 102.11, with respective values of $144,020 and $116,250.

Property

$159,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$1,824
$142,557
Median Property Taxes
±$3,257

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in El Paso, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

59.5%
Homeownership
2022
65.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 59.5% of the housing units in El Paso, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 59.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in El Paso, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 102.13
  2. Census Tract 102.14
  3. Census Tract 102.11

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso, TX was Census Tract 102.13 with a value of $151,505, followed by Census Tract 102.14 and Census Tract 102.11, with respective values of $144,020 and $116,250.

The following map shows all of the places in El Paso, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,710
Median Household Income
± $1,232
240k
Number of Households
± 4,514

In 2022, the median household income of the 240k households in El Paso, TX grew to $55,710 from the previous year's value of $51,325.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2022 Wage GINI in Texas
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2022, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0231% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.74%)

In 2022, 78.2% of workers in El Paso, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.5%) and those who worked at home (6.74%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso, TX have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.81% of the workforce in El Paso, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso, TX (127k out of 671k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

79.1% of the population of El Paso, TX has health coverage, with 33.8% on employee plans, 19% on Medicaid, 8.02% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 4.98% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, TX see 2003 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.05% decrease from the previous year (2066 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2077 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 926 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for El Paso County, TX.
2,003 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in El Paso County, TX

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, TX see an average of 2,003 patients per year. This represents a 3.05% decrease from the previous year (2,066 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in El Paso County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.7% under 18 years, 24% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.5% were men and 51.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

20.9%
Uninsured
33.8%
Employer Coverage
19%
Medicaid
8.02%
Medicare
13.3%
Non-Group
4.98%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso, TX grew by 4.26% from 20% to 20.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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