El Paso County, CO

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Population

699,232

1.59% growth

Median Age

34.4


Median Household Income

$65,370

2.33% growth

Poverty Rate

11.1%


Number of Employees

320,509

1.83% growth

Median Property Value

$272,000

9.15% growth

About

In 2017, El Paso County, CO had a population of 699k people with a median age of 34.4 and a median household income of $65,370. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of El Paso County, CO grew from 688,284 to 699,232, a 1.59% increase and its median household income grew from $63,882 to $65,370, a 2.33% increase.

The population of El Paso County, CO is 69.1% White Alone, 17.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.8% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in El Paso County, CO speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso County, CO are Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs (5,498 degrees awarded in 2016), Pikes Peak Community College (2,747 degrees), and University of Colorado Colorado Springs (2,278 degrees).

The median property value in El Paso County, CO is $272,000, and the homeownership rate is 63%. Most people in El Paso County, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso County, CO is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Colorado Springs Labor Day Lift Off Balloon Festival

Economy

The economy of El Paso County, CO employs 321k people. The largest industries in El Paso County, CO are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,151 people), Retail Trade (34,001 people), and Educational Services (30,415 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,182), Utilities ($62,337), and Public Administration ($60,606).

Median household income in El Paso County, CO is $65,370. Males in El Paso County, CO have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,627. The income inequality in El Paso County, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,370

2017 value

± $1,821

2.33%

1 Year Growth

± 4.48%

Households in El Paso County, CO have a median annual income of $65,370, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,882 in 2016, which represents a 2.33% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in El Paso County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$70,370

Average Male Salary

± $1,540

$53,627

Average Female Salary

± $1,308

In 2017, full-time male employees in El Paso County, CO made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in El Paso County, CO by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $63,284 ± $33,979

  2. Asian

    $57,318 ± $5,622

  3. White

    $55,910 ± $1,010

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of El Paso County, CO workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in El Paso County, CO by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso County, CO is from Colorado.

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.456% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 74

  2. Census Tract 71.02

  3. Census Tract 71.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso County, CO was Census Tract 74 with a value of $137,868, followed by Census Tract 71.02 and Census Tract 71.01, with respective values of $125,833 and $118,877.

The following map shows all of the tracts in El Paso County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso County, CO (72.7k out of 656k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    50,090 ± 1,680

  2. Hispanic

    20,998 ± 1,107

  3. Other

    7,321 ± 722

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso County, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

321k

2017 Value

± 9,316

1.83%

1 Year growth

± 4.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in El Paso County, CO grew at a rate of 1.83%, from 315k employees to 321k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso County, CO, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (19,521 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (8,609 people), and Information & Record Clerks Except Customer Service Representatives (8,181 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of El Paso County, CO, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (19,521 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (8,609 people), and Information & Record Clerks Except Customer Service Representatives (8,181 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, El Paso County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Air Transportation Workers (2.78 times higher than expected), Database & Systems Administrators & Network Architects (2.2 times), and Secondary School Tea (1.94 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of El Paso County, CO, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($96,269), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($92,065), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($90,721).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

321k

2017 Value

± 9,316

1.83%

1 Year growth

± 4.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in El Paso County, CO grew at a rate of 1.83%, from 315k employees to 321k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso County, CO, are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,151 people), Retail Trade (34,001 people), and Educational Services (30,415 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso County, CO, though some of these residents may live in El Paso County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in El Paso County, CO, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,151 people), Retail Trade (34,001 people), and Educational Services (30,415 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, El Paso County, CO has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.45 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.22 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in El Paso County, CO, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,182), Utilities ($62,337), and Public Administration ($60,606).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $30.1B

  2. $22.9B

  3. $15.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $30.1B, followed by Mixed freight with $22.9B and Electronics and $15.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$208B

2015 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

51.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Colorado trade was $208B. This is expected to increase 51.4% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.5B

  2. $9.22B

  3. $7.43B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $12.5B, followed by Nebraska with $9.22B and California and $7.43B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.3% of the population of El Paso County, CO has health coverage, with 38.4% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 7.5% on Medicare, 17.3% on non-group plans, and 13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of El Paso County, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, CO see 1669 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.13% decrease from the previous year (1723 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 986 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 371 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,669 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, CO see an average of 1,669 patients per year. This represents a 3.13% decrease from the previous year (1,723 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in El Paso County, CO in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.7%

Uninsured

38.4%

Employer Coverage

17.1%

Medicaid

7.5%

Medicare

17.3%

Non-Group

13%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso County, CO grew by 9.52% from 6.12% to 6.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

El Paso County, CO is home to a population of 699k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.64% of El Paso County, CO residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of El Paso County, CO is composed of 483k White Alone residents (69.1%), 119k Hispanic or Latino residents (17.1%), 40.5k Black or African American Alone residents (5.8%), 30k Two or More Races residents (4.29%), 18k Asian Alone residents (2.57%), 3.07k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.439%), 2.74k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.392%), and 2.42k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.346%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in El Paso County, CO are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in El Paso County, CO was 34.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in El Paso County, CO are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all El Paso County, CO residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.64%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.86%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.64% of El Paso County, CO residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso County, CO was 6.86%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    234,816 ± 11,645 people

  2. India

    20,457 ± 3,505 people

  3. China

    19,921 ± 3,459 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of El Paso County, CO was Mexico, the natal country of 234,816 El Paso County, CO residents, followed by India with 20,457 and China with 19,921.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

96.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of El Paso County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso County, CO was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    483k ± 874

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    119k ± 8.75k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    40.5k ± 3.83k

In 2017, there were 4.05 times more White Alone residents (483k people) in El Paso County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 119k Hispanic or Latino and 40.5k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in El Paso County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of El Paso County, CO citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in El Paso County, CO was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of El Paso County, CO are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    34,961 ± 3,292

  2. Vietnam

    18,990 ± 1,714

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    17,087 ± 2,106

El Paso County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in El Paso County, CO awarded 13,606 degrees. The student population of El Paso County, CO is skewed towards women, with 27,164 male students and 34,412 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso County, CO are White (7,918 and 58.8%), followed by Black or African American (2,190 and 16.3%), Hispanic or Latino (1,444 and 10.7%), and Unknown (706 and 5.24%).

The largest universities in El Paso County, CO by number of degrees awarded are Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs (5,498 and 40.4%), Pikes Peak Community College (2,747 and 20.2%), and University of Colorado Colorado Springs (2,278 and 16.7%).

The most popular majors in El Paso County, CO are General Business Administration & Management (3,158 and 23.2%), Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (834 and 6.13%), and Information Technology (610 and 4.48%).

The median tuition costs in El Paso County, CO are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $6,624 and $17,352 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in El Paso County, CO was Information Technology with 423 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in El Paso County, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,498 degrees awarded

  2. 2,747 degrees awarded

  3. 2,278 degrees awarded

$6,624

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2016, the El Paso County, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs with 5,498 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,901

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,705

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,901 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso County, CO, which is 0.766 times less than the 7,705 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in El Paso County, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,918 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,190 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,444 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in El Paso County, CO were to White students. These 7,918 degrees mean that there were 3.62 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,190 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso County, CO was $272,000 in 2017, which is 1.25 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $249,200 to $272,000, a 9.15% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso County, CO is 63%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in El Paso County, CO have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in El Paso County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,370

Median Household Income

± $1,821

258k

Number of Households

± 8,069

In 2017, the median household income of the 258k households in El Paso County, CO grew to $65,370 from the previous year's value of $63,882.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$272,000

2017 Median

± $5,050

$249,200

2016 Median

± $4,992

In 2017, the median property value in El Paso County, CO grew to to $272,000 from the previous year's value of $249,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in El Paso County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in El Paso County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63%

2017 Homeownership

62.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63% of the housing units in El Paso County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in El Paso County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso County, CO have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso County, CO have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.44% of the workforce in El Paso County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in El Paso County, CO was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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